Political Correctness As A Modern Trend In LanguagePresentation Transcript
Political correctness as a modern trend in language development Made by Abramova Anna Govorova Antonina
Political correctness is a term applied to language, ideas, policies, or behavior seen as seeking to minimize offense to gender, racial, cultural, disabled, aged or other identity groups.
T he term "politically incorrect" is used to refer to language or ideas that may cause offense
Political correctness a s a linguistic concept
U sing "inclusive" and "neutral" language is based upon the idea that "language represents thought, and may even control thought“ . A language's grammatical categories shape the speaker's ideas and actions .
I noffensive language usage goals
Stereotyping largely is implicit, unconscious, and facilitated by the availability of pejorative labels and terms.
Rendering the labels and terms socially unacceptable, people then must consciously think about how they describe someone unlike themselves.
is an act of using racially derisive language, actions or other forms of communication, to anger, intimidate or incite a person or groups of people, or to make those persons behave in ways that are inimical to their personal or group interests.
S exual orientation
G ender identity
S ocial class
Appearance (height, weight, hair color, etc.)
M ental capacity
Any other distinction that might be considered by some as a liability
is a term for speech intended to degrade a person or group of people based on
is an idiomatic phrase that refers to the act of bringing the issue of race or racism into a debate, perhaps to obfuscate the matter. It is a metaphorical reference to card games in which a trump card may be used to gain an advantage.
Ethnic jokes , sometimes referred to as race jokes , or racist jokes are jokes that exploit ethnic stereotypes. They are often considered to be offensive and as a form of hate speech, though they still remain popular.
Ethnic jokes come and go with social change, particularly with waves of immigration from one country to another.As public awareness of racism has increased, racial and ethnic jokes have become increasingly socially unacceptable in recent years, and have become socially taboo to tell in public in many regions.
“ Q : How does every ethnic joke start? A : With a look over your shoulder.”
Ethnic joke s about the Chuk с hi
“ A chukchi man is riding a cab. Having looked at the counter, the driver says:
- 3.20 (Three twenty).
The chukchi man opens his wallet:
- First twenty, second twenty, third twenty. Here!”
Ethnic joke s about English and Irish people
“ Q: Why are Irish jokes so simplistic?
A: So Englishmen can understand them.”
“ Q: What's the best thing that ever happened between England and Ireland?
A: the Irish Sea!”
Ethnic joke s about Black people
“ -Why do niggers stink?
- So blind people can hate them too.”
“ - What is a nigger on a bike?
“ - What do nigger kids get for Christmas?
- Your bike.”
“ - Why is Stevie Wonder always smiling?
- He doesn't know he's black.”
Ethnic joke s about Jews
Ethnic joke s about Indians
If the Titanic was made in India:
10) There would be 10 times as many people on the ship.
9) There has to be a song with a girl wearing a white dress, singing in the rain.
8) By the end of the movie he finds his mom, dad, sister and brother.
7) It's seven and half-hours long.
6) The movie would be called "Doobta Hua Pyar".
5) Kate Winslet played by Madhuri Dixit, and Leonard Di' Caprio played by Salman Khan.
4) The boat would sink, because there are too many people on it.
3) None of the people would float for long cause of the saris.
2) They would be serving mango fruity on the boat.
1) Wait a minute it was an Indian movie if you think about it.
Can you imagine how many times we would hear "Bachaoooo"!!!
“ A monk was driving in India when suddenly a dog crosses the road. The car hit and killed the dog. The monk looked around and seeing a temple, went to knock on the door. A monk opened the door. The first monk said: "I'm terribly sorry, but my karma ran over your dogma."
Racial targets in e thnic joke s
Ethnic jokes are often aimed at minorities within certain regions, or peoples from neighboring areas. A common ethnic joke format is the "stupid person" joke, where the stock character, who is the butt of the joke, belongs to an ethnic group singled out for abuse.
Southafricans about Afrikaners
English about Irish and vs
Canadians about Newfies
White people about Black people
Europeans about Asian people
Europeans about Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi people
Europe ans and North America ns about Jews and Poles
Russians about people from the North Pole (the Chuckchi)
G ender-inclusive language or gender neutrality is language use that aims at minimizing assumptions regarding the gender of human referents.
The advocacy of gender-neutral language reflects at least two different agenda:
One aims to clarify the inclusion of all sexes or genders (gender-inclusive language).
The other proposes that gender, as a category, is rarely worth marking in language (gender-neutral language).
Gender-specific job title s
firefighter instead of fireman
mail carrier , letter carrier , or post worker rather than mailman
flight attendant instead of steward or stewardess
bartender instead of barman or barmaid
woman or female should be used instead of lady
server instead of waiter and waitress
also known as an epicene name , is a given name that is often given to either a boy or a girl. Some countries, however, require that a given name be gender-specific .
Alexander (a masculine name) or of Alexandra/Alexa (a feminine name )
Chris can be considered a shortening of Christopher or Christian (both masculine names), or of Christina or Christine (feminine names).
The "euphemism treadmill"
Euphemisms often evolve over time into taboo words themselves. This is the well-known linguistic process known as pejoration. Words originally intended as euphemisms may lose their euphemistic value, acquiring the negative connotations of their referents.
concentration camp for civilian prisoners house
restroom , W.C. , bathroom , water closet for toilet room
i diot, imbecile, and moron for toddler, preschool, and primary school mental ages