Youth Problems in Pakistan

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Youth Problems in Pakistan

  1. 2. YOUTH PROBLEMS In PAKISTAN
  2. 3. Introduction Community School Family Community School Family Youth
  3. 4. List of Problems <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Media Effects </li></ul>
  4. 5. Youth Education <ul><li>Low Enrolment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary enrolment 57% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary enrolment 22% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education enrolment 1.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teacher’s do not posses enough knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Rote learning is encouraged by teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Madaris Education </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. is not giving much preference to education as to other fields </li></ul>
  5. 8. Child Labour <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Categories Of Child Labour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Causes Of Child Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Effects Of Child Labour On Ones Life </li></ul><ul><li>Does It Do Any good? </li></ul><ul><li>What Child Labour Leads To…..? </li></ul>
  6. 9. Big Hopes but no future
  7. 10. Drug Abuse <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who Leads the Youngster to Drugs Abuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fashion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental Disorder </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Drug Abuse <ul><li>Effects of Drugs Abuse On Teenagers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Problems </li></ul></ul>Substance Use, 1975-1999 Alcohol & Marijuana Use by Age
  9. 12. Narcotics Type What is it called? What does it look like? How is it used? Heroin Smack, Horse, Mud, Brown sugar, Junk, Black tar, and Big H White to dark-brown powder or tar-like substance Injected, smoked, or inhaled Codeine Empirin compound with codeine, Tylenol with codeine, Codeine in cough medicine Dark liquid varying in thickness, capsules, tablets Taken orally, injected Morphine Pectoral syrup White crystals, hypodermic tablets, or inject able solutions Taken orally, injected, or smoked Opium Paregoric, Dover's Powder, Parepectolin Dark brown chunks, powder Smoked, eaten, or injected
  10. 13. Effective Period of drugs DETECTION PERIODS FOR DRUGS IN URINE Detection Period ALCOHOL, ETHYL 3-10 HOURS BENZODIAZEPINES HEAVY ABUSE 3-6 WEEKS COCAINE 2-3+ DAYS tobacco 1-4 min. CODEINE 1-3+ DAYS HEROIN 1-2 DAYS METHAQUALONE (QUAALUDE) 2 WEEKS MORPHINE 1-2 DAYS PCP (PHENCYCLIDINE) 2-8 DAYS ECSTASY 3-5 DAYS PROPOXYPHENE (DARVON) 6-48 HOURS (PROPOXYPHENE METABOLITES) 6-48 HOURS ANABOLIC STEROIDS (ORAL) 2 DAYS -  4 WEEKS ANABOLIC STEROIDS (INJECTABLE)  2 MONTHS -  1 YEAR
  11. 14. Suicide <ul><li>What is Suicide? </li></ul><ul><li>Teen Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression & Stressful Situation Of Loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses Of Drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family & Love Matters </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Suicide Rate </li></ul><ul><li>11 th leading cause of death in 2000 (28,322) </li></ul><ul><li>8 th leading cause in 1997 (30,535) </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd leading cause of death for 15-24 year olds, 5 th leading for 5-14 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>1.3% of all deaths are from suicide (double the rate of AIDS). </li></ul><ul><li>Firearms account for 58% of all suicides. </li></ul><ul><li>Males 4x more likely to commit suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates suggest that between 8-25 unsuccessful attempts for every successful. </li></ul>Suicide <ul><li>Suicide Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Signs are often not verbal. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving away beloved objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in eating or sleeping habits. </li></ul><ul><li>Displaying a sense of calmness after a period of agitation . </li></ul>
  13. 16. Politics <ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>In History </li></ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul><ul><li>On the Name of Religion </li></ul>
  14. 17. Media Effects Media offer entertainment, culture, news, sports, and education. They are an important part of our lives and have much to teach. But some of what they teach may not be what we want children to learn . <ul><li>Television </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good Effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad Effects </li></ul></ul>Violence From media violence children learn to behave aggressively toward others. They are taught to use violence instead of self-control to take care of problems or conflicts
  15. 18. <ul><li>Analysis by PU students:- </li></ul><ul><li>61% of TV shows are violent </li></ul><ul><li>Few shows emphasize an anti-violence theme </li></ul><ul><li>40% of violent scenes on TV include humor </li></ul><ul><li>54% of the violence is lethal </li></ul><ul><li>51% of TV violence shows no pain </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Video Games:- </li></ul><ul><li>Positive effects </li></ul><ul><li>Video game playing introduces children to computer technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Games can give practice in following directions. </li></ul><ul><li>Some games provide practice in problem solving and logic. </li></ul><ul><li>Games can provide practice in use of fine motor and spatial skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Games can provide occasions for parent and child to play together. </li></ul><ul><li>Players are introduced to information technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Some games have beneficial applications with patients. </li></ul><ul><li>Games are entertaining and fun. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Negative effects <ul><li>Game environments are often based on plots of violence, aggression and gender favoritism. </li></ul><ul><li>Over-dependence on video games could foster social isolation, as they are often played alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Many games only offer an arena of weapons, killings, kicking, stabbing and shooting. </li></ul><ul><li>Academic achievement may be negatively related to over-all time spent playing video games. </li></ul><ul><li>Many games do not offer action that requires independent thought or creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>Games can confuse reality and fantasy. </li></ul><ul><li>Playing violent video games may be related to aggressive behavior </li></ul>
  18. 21. Internet <ul><li>The Internet has a significant potential for providing children and youth with access to educational information, and can be compared with a huge home library. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of the Internet : </li></ul><ul><li>• Near limitless information resource </li></ul><ul><li>• High degree of availability and affordability in most communities in the western world </li></ul><ul><li>• An asset for research or homework </li></ul><ul><li>• A communication tool for teachers and university professors with their students </li></ul><ul><li>• Rapid and inexpensive communication via e-mail and video linkage </li></ul><ul><li>• Access by the disabled to much that may otherwise be unavailable: </li></ul><ul><li>• Through technology that makes computer use possible </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Adverse effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Underage children may accidentally or by design access pornographic sites </li></ul><ul><li>Predators have access to minors through unsupervised use of chat rooms and e-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of inhibitions normally experienced when face-to-face, promoting sexual exchanges and promiscuity </li></ul><ul><li>On-line gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for plagiarism in school work </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of hatred or violence through Web sites targeting a specific group, such as women, homosexuals, and religious or ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Violence through video games, song lyrics and on-line bullying, access to hazardous materials or information on making weapons. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Alcohols and drugs <ul><li>Messages about tobacco and alcohol are everywhere in media. </li></ul><ul><li>Teens who see a lot of ads for beer, wine, liquor, and cigarettes admit that it influences them to want to drink and smoke </li></ul><ul><li>the three most advertised cigarette brands are also the most popular ones smoked by teens. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Suggestions <ul><li>Do encourage each other </li></ul><ul><li>Be practical </li></ul><ul><li>Take help from Quran and sunnah </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of ideologies in the youth </li></ul><ul><li>Do have patience to face the difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Do hate the deed not the character himself </li></ul><ul><li>Prove and cash your skill </li></ul><ul><li>Right man over the right place </li></ul><ul><li>Youth should be clear about their future </li></ul><ul><li>Be at arm length from the bad company! </li></ul><ul><li>Do not make your parent as a role model for you </li></ul>
  22. 26. Suggestions Cont… <ul><li>How we can stand against western culture! </li></ul><ul><li>Do not break the statue of mud but the statue of mind! </li></ul><ul><li>Do not walk in parallel with any and ideology first think! </li></ul><ul><li>What is our today responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Problem should be solved form the very first day! So don’t delay </li></ul><ul><li>Do ask question! </li></ul><ul><li>Build-up confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Courageous </li></ul>
  23. 27. THANK FOR YOUR CONSIDERATION! QUESTION………..?

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