HEART OF DARKNESS BY JOSEPH CONRAD
<ul><li>PRESENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>TOPIC </li></ul>
<ul><li>Elements of Darkness and Light in Heart of Darkness - with special reference to colonialism </li></ul>
<ul><li>DARKNESS THROUGH COLOR MOTIF </li></ul>
THE WORD “DARKNESS “ IN TITLE <ul><li>It may  SYMBOLIZES THE IGNORANCE  of Africans.  </li></ul><ul><li>It may as well sta...
Knitting black wool Forbodes darkness “ guarding the door of Darkness, knitting black wool as for a warm pall ( COFFIN )” ...
HAZE FORBODES FUTURE IS AT STAKE <ul><li>“ The  AIR WAS DARK ,” and seems condensed in mournful gloom”.  </li></ul>
SKY CHANGING COLOUR FORBODES CHANGING TIMES  <ul><li> “ from  GLOWING WHITE (IT) CHANGED TO A DULL RED  without rays and w...
AFRICA TAKEN AS YELLOW <ul><li>“ I was going into the yellow. Dead in the centre”,  YELLOW SYMBOLIZES PALENESS AND DEATH ....
MANAGER’S BLUE EYES <ul><li>“ HIS EYES OF THE USUAL BLUE,  were perhaps  REMARKABLY COLD ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Blue cold ey...
<ul><li>MARLOW’S DARKENED AND CONFUSED </li></ul><ul><li>SOUL </li></ul>
AFRICAN JUNGLE HAD CORRUPTED HIS SOUL <ul><li>“ I AM NOT PARTICULARLY TENDER ” and when it comes to protecting himself, he...
EUROPEAN ACCORDING TO HIM THUS DESCRIBED: <ul><li>“ I've seen the  DEVIL OF VIOLENCE , and the  DEVIL OF GREED , and the d...
THE HORROR! THE HORROR! <ul><li>Marlow could not tell her the truth, he says “ But I couldn't.  I COULD NOT TELL HER . It ...
Darkest moment in the novella <ul><li> “ FRESLEVEN'S REMAINS  …””… THE GRASS GROWING THROUGH HIS RIBS WAS TALL ENOUGH TO H...
<ul><li>ATROCITIES COMMITTED BY COLONIALIST AND IMPERIALIST IN CONGO </li></ul>
ATROCITIES COMMITTED BY KING LEOPOLD II  <ul><li>Children's  HANDS WERE HACKED OFF  if they did not deliver the amount of ...
The King incorporated: Leopold the Second and the Congo <ul><li>By Neal Ascherson, gives an  ABSORBING ACCOUNT OF THE VICI...
King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, By Mark Twain,
King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, By Mark Twain,
<ul><li>GULLIVER TRAVELS , JONANTHAN SWIFTS SATIRIZES IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM </li></ul>
GULLIVER IN LILLIPUT
<ul><li>Tiny six inches tall Lilliputians became all powerful because they had  “MAN MOUNTAIN”,  and through Gulliver  THE...
<ul><li>MARLOW MOCKS IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM </li></ul>
MARLOW MOCKS IMPERIALISM <ul><li>“ Your (conquerors/invaders)  STRENGTH IS JUST AN ACCIDENT ARISING FROM THE WEAKNESS OF O...
“ BRUTE FORCE” <ul><li>“ THEY WERE CONQUERORS , and for that you want only brute force” </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow refers to...
<ul><li>SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST </li></ul>
<ul><li>Whiteman took civilized  LAW TO JUNGLE .  They could not survive in Jungle laws, but able to kill. By their lust f...
<ul><li>Marlow calls the black people as “Brothers” </li></ul>
Final sermon of Hazarat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) <ul><li>“ All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a n...
<ul><li>STATISCAL DATA OF  HEART OF DARKNESS </li></ul><ul><li>DARK VERSUS LIGHT </li></ul>
STATISTISCALLY IN  HEART OF DARKNESS <ul><li>Black 45 times </li></ul><ul><li>Darkness 28 times </li></ul><ul><li>Death 20...
HEART OF DARKNESS  BY JOSEPH CONRAD
JOSEPH CONRAD
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Elements of Darkness and Light in the Heart of Darkness with Special Reference to Colonialism

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  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_White_Man%27s_Burden http://searchwarp.com/swa24188.htm http://www.victorianweb.org/previctorian/swift/gtintro.html http://www.sparknotes.com/nofear/lit/heart-of-darkness/part-1/page_4.html http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/articles/pages/5918/Africa-Belgian-Colonies.html http://www.essays.cc/free_essays/b1/mts206.shtml http://www.jstor.org/pss/4173076 http://www.edwardsaid.org/?q=node/1 America on film: representing race, class, gender, and sexuality ... - Google Books Result : http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz8VTqCy4RwC&amp;pg=PA117&amp;lpg=PA117&amp;dq=Said+coined+the+term+Orientalism&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=9SMmiMi_Ib&amp;sig=KsqFdDE0V8AgDHSSlFvn5M0H6qU&amp;hl=en&amp;ei=GxjwS6_0GZSPOIzdlfYH&amp;sa=X&amp;oi=book_result&amp;ct=result&amp;resnum=7&amp;ved=0CDQQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&amp;q=Said%20coined%20the%20term%20Orientalism&amp;f=false http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said#Literary_Criticism http://www.cyberpat.com/shirlsite/essays/gulliv.html Ian Watt, author of Impressionism and Symbolism in Heart of Darkness
  • WIKIPEDIA
  • King Leopold&apos;s Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, By Mark Twain, Boston: The P. R. Warren Co., 1905, Second Edition.
  • Elements of Darkness and Light in the Heart of Darkness with Special Reference to Colonialism

    1. 1. HEART OF DARKNESS BY JOSEPH CONRAD
    2. 2. <ul><li>PRESENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>TOPIC </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Elements of Darkness and Light in Heart of Darkness - with special reference to colonialism </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>DARKNESS THROUGH COLOR MOTIF </li></ul>
    5. 5. THE WORD “DARKNESS “ IN TITLE <ul><li>It may SYMBOLIZES THE IGNORANCE of Africans. </li></ul><ul><li>It may as well stand for the NEGROES OF AFRICA. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Knitting black wool Forbodes darkness “ guarding the door of Darkness, knitting black wool as for a warm pall ( COFFIN )” FORBODES Company’s exploitation of the African people — a trade in ivory,
    7. 7. HAZE FORBODES FUTURE IS AT STAKE <ul><li>“ The AIR WAS DARK ,” and seems condensed in mournful gloom”. </li></ul>
    8. 8. SKY CHANGING COLOUR FORBODES CHANGING TIMES <ul><li> “ from GLOWING WHITE (IT) CHANGED TO A DULL RED without rays and without heat, as if about to go out suddenly, stricken to death by the touch of that gloom brooding over a crowd of men” </li></ul>
    9. 9. AFRICA TAKEN AS YELLOW <ul><li>“ I was going into the yellow. Dead in the centre”, YELLOW SYMBOLIZES PALENESS AND DEATH . </li></ul>
    10. 10. MANAGER’S BLUE EYES <ul><li>“ HIS EYES OF THE USUAL BLUE, were perhaps REMARKABLY COLD ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Blue cold eyes implies his COLDNESS TOWARDS HUMANS . Marlow mentions managers cold eyes, and then describes horrifying Kurtz of death. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>MARLOW’S DARKENED AND CONFUSED </li></ul><ul><li>SOUL </li></ul>
    12. 12. AFRICAN JUNGLE HAD CORRUPTED HIS SOUL <ul><li>“ I AM NOT PARTICULARLY TENDER ” and when it comes to protecting himself, he says, “ I'VE HAD TO STRIKE AND TO FEND OFF ” </li></ul>
    13. 13. EUROPEAN ACCORDING TO HIM THUS DESCRIBED: <ul><li>“ I've seen the DEVIL OF VIOLENCE , and the DEVIL OF GREED , and the devil of hot desire; but, by all the stars! these were strong, lusty, RED-EYED DEVILS , that swayed and drove men -- men, I tell you.” </li></ul>
    14. 14. THE HORROR! THE HORROR! <ul><li>Marlow could not tell her the truth, he says “ But I couldn't. I COULD NOT TELL HER . It would have been too dark -- too dark altogether” </li></ul>
    15. 15. Darkest moment in the novella <ul><li> “ FRESLEVEN'S REMAINS …””… THE GRASS GROWING THROUGH HIS RIBS WAS TALL ENOUGH TO HIDE HIS BONES ” </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow says that he STEPPED INTO HIS SHOES , suggests Marlow desire to EXPERIENCE BEING PART OF FRESLEVEN </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>ATROCITIES COMMITTED BY COLONIALIST AND IMPERIALIST IN CONGO </li></ul>
    17. 17. ATROCITIES COMMITTED BY KING LEOPOLD II <ul><li>Children's HANDS WERE HACKED OFF if they did not deliver the amount of rubber demanded by King Leopold II.The HANDS WERE THEN SMOKED AND TRANSPORTED to Belgian contractors, who counted the number severed limbs.The amount of severed hands where as high as a metric ton per day. </li></ul>
    18. 18. The King incorporated: Leopold the Second and the Congo <ul><li>By Neal Ascherson, gives an ABSORBING ACCOUNT OF THE VICIOUS BELGIAN COLONIZATION EFFORTS by King Leopold II in the Congo. </li></ul>
    19. 19. King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, By Mark Twain,
    20. 20. King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, By Mark Twain,
    21. 21. <ul><li>GULLIVER TRAVELS , JONANTHAN SWIFTS SATIRIZES IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM </li></ul>
    22. 22. GULLIVER IN LILLIPUT
    23. 23. <ul><li>Tiny six inches tall Lilliputians became all powerful because they had “MAN MOUNTAIN”, and through Gulliver THE KING OF LILLIPUT CAN FULFILL HIS IMPERIALISTIC LUST. </li></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>MARLOW MOCKS IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM </li></ul>
    25. 25. MARLOW MOCKS IMPERIALISM <ul><li>“ Your (conquerors/invaders) STRENGTH IS JUST AN ACCIDENT ARISING FROM THE WEAKNESS OF OTHERS ”. </li></ul>
    26. 26. “ BRUTE FORCE” <ul><li>“ THEY WERE CONQUERORS , and for that you want only brute force” </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow refers to ROMANS AS CONQUERORS . He says they were no colonists. </li></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>Whiteman took civilized LAW TO JUNGLE . They could not survive in Jungle laws, but able to kill. By their lust for ivory. </li></ul><ul><li>GRASS GROWS ON FRESLEVEN. </li></ul>
    29. 29. <ul><li>Marlow calls the black people as “Brothers” </li></ul>
    30. 30. Final sermon of Hazarat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) <ul><li>“ All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; ALSO A WHITE HAS NO SUPERIORITY OVER BLACK NOR A BLACK HAS ANY SUPERIORITY OVER WHITE EXCEPT BY PIETY AND GOOD ACTION ”. </li></ul>
    31. 31. <ul><li>STATISCAL DATA OF HEART OF DARKNESS </li></ul><ul><li>DARK VERSUS LIGHT </li></ul>
    32. 32. STATISTISCALLY IN HEART OF DARKNESS <ul><li>Black 45 times </li></ul><ul><li>Darkness 28 times </li></ul><ul><li>Death 20 times </li></ul><ul><li>White 35 times </li></ul><ul><li>Light 18 times </li></ul><ul><li>Life 20 times </li></ul>
    33. 33. HEART OF DARKNESS BY JOSEPH CONRAD
    34. 34. JOSEPH CONRAD

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