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Android Introduction by

  1. 1. Vidya Topa Institute of Professional Studies
  2. 2. Android Introduction of Android  Android is an operating system that is based on a modified version of Linux with a Java programming interface.  It was originally developed by Android, Inc. name.  Google purchased Android in 2005.
  3. 3. Android  Google wanted Android to open and free .  The first Android mobile handset, T-Mobile G1, was released in the US in October 2008 and in the UK in November 2008.
  4. 4. Android Android Platform Differences  Complete:  Open:  Free:  Developers need only develop for Android, and their applications should be able to run on numerous different devices, as long as the devices are powered are using Android.
  5. 5. Android Software need for Android Development  Android SDk Libraries  Developer Tools  Java Development Kit(JDK)  Eclipse  Android Developer Tool plug-in (ADT)
  6. 6. Android Supported OS For Android Development  Windows  MacOS  Linux
  7. 7. Android What should know for Android ?  Object-Oriented Programming Concepts  Some experience with Java  Experience with Eclipse environment helpful  Knowledge of Android capabilities helpful
  8. 8. Android In the world of smartphones, applications are the most important part of the success chain. Device manufacturers therefore see Android as their best hope to challenge the onslaught of the iphone , which already commands a large base of applications.
  9. 9. Android Android Versions 1.1 9 February 2009 1.5 (Cupcake) 30 April 2009 1.6 (Donut) 15 September 2009 2.0/2.1(Eclair) 26 October 2009 2.2 (Froyo) 20 May 2010 2.3 (Gingerbread) 6 December 2010 3.0 (Honeycomb) 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) 4.1 (Jelly Bean)
  10. 10. Android Features of Android Android is open source and freely available to manufacturers for customization, there are no fixed hardware and software configurations. However, Android itself supports the following features:  Storage-Uses SQLite, a lightweight relational database, for data storage.  Connectivity-Supports GSM/EDGE, CDMA, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi etc.  Messaging- Supports both SMS and MMS.  Web browser-Based on the open-source WebKit, together with Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine
  11. 11. Android  Media support- 3Gp,MP4,MPGE-4 SP, MP3, MIDI, WAV, JPGE,PNG,GIF,BMP etc.  Hardware support-Accelerometer Sensor, Camera, Digital Compass, Proximity Sensor, and GPS.  Multi-touch- Supports multi-touch screens.  Multi-tasking-Supporting multi-tasking applications.  Flash support- Android 2.3 support Flash 10.1.  Tethering- Supports sharing of internet connections as a wired/wireless hotspot
  12. 12. Android Application Fundamentals  Applications are written in the java programming language.  Compiled into an Android package file (.apk).  Each application runs in its own sandbox and Linux process.  Application consist of components, a manifest file and resources.  Components: -Activities -Services -Content Providers -Broadcast receivers
  13. 13. Android Android Manifest File  Applications must have an android manifest XML file in its root directory.  Presents information about the application to the android system.  Describes the components used in the application .  Declares the permissions required to run the application .  Declares the minimum Android API level that the application requires .
  14. 14. Android Application Resources  An Android application is composed of more then just code-it requires resources that are separate from the source code, such as images, audio files, and anything relating to the visual presentation of the application.
  15. 15. Emulator
  16. 16. THANK YOU by VTIPS