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  • 1. fdLlk& la?k"kZ ulks± dk okrkZ % fnYyh dh uls± jksgrd vkrh gSa vkSj ;gka dh ulks± dkgkSalyk c<+krh gSaA os vius vuqHko ehfVax esa j[krh gSa rks lquus okyksaosQ jksaxVs [kM+s gks tkrs gSa fd fnYyh dh ch-ts-ih- dh ljdkj D;k ,slkHkh dj ldrh gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh fnYyh ds Egka ch ts ih uS ulk± iS nkSj pyk;k rkukkkgh dkAA vkSNs gFkd.Ms viuk;s ysdS eq[kkSVk ejht HkykbZ dkAA dbZ lkS ulZ lLiSaM dj nh neu dk nkSj pyk;k x;k ukSdjh rS dk<+ ckgj djkaxs cqjh <kyka /kedk;k x;k ,Lek dk dkyk dkuwu mM+S lc ulk± mij yxk;k x;k gM+rky isQy dj.k dh [kkrj ubZ ulks± dks Y;k;k x;k bruk neu djoSQ eksM+ uk ikbZ jLrk Egkjh yM+kbZ dkAA Egkjh ,drk osQ lkgeh muosQ isQy lHkh gfFk;kj gksxs fNUu&fHkUu dj nh lc rkukkkgh pkjksa dkUgha izpkj gksxs ftrus rhj pyk;s tgjh os isQy lHkh gj ckj gksxs lkjh ekax iM+h ekuuh ftc [kqjkuk th tek ykpkj gksxs ch ts ih dh lkiQ Nfo osQ uhpS ;ks psgjk ns[;k vkRerkbZdkAA gfj;k.ks dh ulZ c<+k;k dnu uk ikNS bZc gVkoSaxh dgj fdruk , <k;k tk ;s gM+rky liQy c.kkoSaxh ,drk dk >.Mk ;s lkjs gfj;k.kk osQ Hkhrj iQgjkoSaxh bl Hkz"Vkpkjh izkklu uS vkt lgh lcd fl[kkoSaxh Egkjk laxBu djSxk eqdkcyk uk NksMMS ysk cqjkbZ dkAA gfj;k.kk eSa Hkh ch ts ih vkys mls mYVh jkgh pky iM+s ,Lek ykxw djok oSQ ekuSa y[kkoSa nwj cakhyky [kM+s cakhyky pkgoS jkgr ns.kk ch ts ih osQ nyky vM+s mluS Fkwd oSQ iM+S pkV.kk [kwaVk Bksd uS NUn rRdky ?kM+s c[r tk.k ykxj;k lksp fdeS D;ksa idM+;k jkg rckgh dkAA okrkZ % ulks± us viuh ekxksa osQ leFkZu esa dkys fcYysyxk;s] èkjuk fn;k] lkewfgd vodkk fy;k] Øfed Hkw[k gM+rky dh
  • 2. exj cgjh ljdkj osQ dkuksa ij twa ugha jsaxhA ulks± dks vkf[kjdkj,d fnu dh lkaosQfrd gM+rky ij vkuk iM+k exj ljdkj fiQj Hkhlksrh jghA vUr esa ulks± dks gM+rky dk lgkjk ysuk iM+kA vkil esaos ,d nwljs ls D;k dgrh gSa Hkyk& rtZ % mBks mBks gs l[kh ykxks gfj osQ Hktu eSa Vsd % ns[k ykbZ ckV Hkrsjh geuS dj;k ?k.kk bUrtkjA bc dj.kh iM+S yM+kbZ] laxBu uS ;k ckr crkbZ ctkbZ geuS j.kHksjh gs] lEHkkyh lS geuS irokjAA dke ?k.kk lS ru[kk FkksM+h] mQij rS tk ckag ejksM+h tksM+h ;s ulZ desjh gs] nsa èkjuk cgjh lSa ljdkjAA fcuk dlwj ;s èkedkoSa] mYVs lhèks dke ;s pkgoSa ykoSa bYtke ;s èkedh tgjh gs bu rkfg nsoka yydkjAA onhZ HkÙkk vkSj èkksch HkÙkk lc D;kgsa uS crkoSa èkrk lÙkk vkt gksbZ yqVjh gs geuS chj jg;k lS iqdkjAA s okrkZ % jkT; uflZt ,lksfl,ku dh izèkku tclhj dkSj ,dfnu eSfMdy dh ufLkZt dh xsV ehfVax ysus vkrh gS] lqcg lkr ctsAeSfMdy dh yhMj efU=k;ks ls ckr djus p.Mhx<+ tk pqdh gksrh gSAxsV ehfVax esa tlchj ulks± dks crkrh gS fd 80 izfrkr chekfj;ksa osQLokLFk; foHkkx ftEesokj ugha gSA exj ljdkj viuh xYr uhfr;ksadk nks"k Hkh LokLFk; foHkkx ij e<+ jgh gSA turk dks vkSj LokLFk;dfeZ;ksa dks vkeus kjeus Vdjkus osQ fy, ljdkj ekgkSy cukus dhdksfkk esa gS exj ,slk gksxk ughaA ikap Ng uls± feydj ,d lewgxku xkrh gSaArtZ % >wBh kje dh pknj iSaQdksVsd % fcuk laxBu bc ugha xqtkjk gks tkvksa rS;kj l[khAA kks"k.k D;ksa gksrk gS Egkjk djuk lgh fopkj l[khAA ejhtksa dk vkt ugha gksrk lgh lgh bykt ;gk¡ ejht fpYykrs jgrs gSa uk lq.krk dks, vkokt ;gk¡] mnkjhdj.k osQ efUnj esa bc cfy p<+k ifjokj l[khAA LokLFk; dh xyr uhfr lSa le>.kk cgqr t:jh gs ctV ?kV~;k D;wa vkt gekjk osQ mudh etcwjh gs fcdrh lsgr fn[kkoSa lcdks vkt chp cktkj l[khAA efgykvksa dk gfj;k.ks esa D;wa gksrk lgh lEeku ugha ulks± dh fxjrh gkyr iS fdls dk Hkh è;ku ugha lqUnj lekt dk ysoSQ liuk lEHkkyksa irokj l[khAA rsgjk kks"k.k [kre djS tks blk lekt c.kk.kk gs lgh txka feyS ekuork dks blk la?k"kZ pyk.kk gs
  • 3. gks lS kks"k.k [kre dj.k dk laxBu gh gfFk;kj l[khAAokrkZ % twfu;j MkDVj rhu fnu dh gM+rky djrs gSaA uflZt Hkh ,dfnu dh lkaosQfrd gM+rky (lkewfgd vodkk) djrh gSaA oqQNMkDVj rFkk ljdkjh viQlj etkd djrs gSa fd ?kksMs+ dks ruky yxrhns[k dj feaMdh Hkh ikao mBk jgh gSA ljdkjh viQlj vkSj uflZt dhyhMj esa dkiQh dgk lquh gksrh gSA oSQls Hkyk% ljdkjh viQlj % ?kksM+S oSQ ruky ykxrh ns[kh feaMdh uS iSjmBk;k D;ksaAA ulZ Mhyj % geuS feaMdh oSQgoSQ Egkjk reuS lEeku ?kVk;kD;ksaAA ljdkjh viQlj % ru[kk Hkrsjh ns nh geuS reuS ykxh lsva?kkbZ D;ksa ulZ yhMj % ftu ru ykxS vksgs tk.kS nqljk tk.kS ihj ijkbZD;ksa ljdkjh viQlj % [kktkuk [kkyh lS ljdkjh reuS kq: djhyM+kbZ D;ksa ulZ yhMj % Egkjh [kkrj rks ihLlS dksU;k c<+rh tkoS dkyhdekbZ D;ksa ljdkjh viQlj % dkys èku dk ftdjk chp eSa Y;koSQ reuSiQalk;k D;ksaAA ulZ yhMj % ctV dh deh dk cgkuk reuS [kkeS[kk vM+k;kD;ksaAA ljdkjh viQlj % gM+rky iS tkoSQ re D;ksa turk osQ nq[kdks HkwbZ` ulZ yhMj % cgksr c[r fn;k Fkkjs rS ;k Egkjh gyheh fiQtwuxbZ ljdkjh viQlj % ckyd ejS Fkkjs dkj.k re pkSM+h gksoSQ uSiwQy xbZ` ulZ yhMj % vkt ckyd ;kn vkxs ftc ckr idM+ ;k rqyxbZ ljdkjh viQlj % fcuk ckr osQ reuS vkt ;ks tax dkfcxqy ctk;k D;ksa ulZ yhMj % fy[k&fy[k Fkdyh gerks Egkjk ekax i=k Bqdjk;kD;ksa
  • 4. ljdkjh viQlj % Egkjh uehZ ns[kh lSa reuS ;k l[rh bZcfn[kkbZ tkxh ulZ yhMj % ftruk tqYe <k;k tkxk Egkjh rkdr gks lokbZtkxh ljdkjh vilj % fcLrj ckaèk oSQ rS;kj gksY;ks rhu lkS X;kjkch yxkbZ tkxh ulZ yhMj % t; l?k"kZ dk ukjk Egkjk ,drk iS thrh yM+kbZtkxh ljdkjh viQlj % dke NksM+ reuS ;ks ?k.kk dgj turk iS<k;k D;ksa ulZ yhMj % lhèkh&lhèkh ulks± osQ mQij ;ks dV ctV dkyk;k D;ksaAA ljdkjh viQlj % Fkkjk efy;k xsV gks T;kxk tS Egkjs rS[kkeS[kk VdjkoS ulZ yhMj % Egkxh ekax iwjh dj.k uS ckrphr dh jkgviukvksa ljdkjh viQlj % dkS.k Hkdkj;k csjk lkjk er mudh cgdkeSa vkvksa ulZ yhMj % tk;t ekax iwjh djks Egkjh D;ksa nq[k turk osQc<+kok ljdkjh viQlj % ftn bruh vkPNh uk gksUrh ewaN dkloky cuk;k D;ksaAA ulZ yhMj % flj Hkh Egkjk twrh Egkjh fnu èkkSyh tqyedek;k D;ksaAA okrkZ % v[kckjksa esa fnYyh dh ulks± dh gM+rky osQ ckjs esalEikndh; Nkirs gSa fd LokLF; lasokvksa esa gM+rky dk [kkfe;ktkejhtksa dks Hkqxruk iM+rk gSA ljdkj osQ ckjs esa Tlknk oqqQN ughadgk tkrkA gfj;k.ks dh ulks± dks cgqr cqjk yxrk gS rks gM+rky qgekjk kksd ugha etcwjh gSA vxys fnu ,d ulZ bl ij xhr cukykrh gS vkSj vke lHkk esa lqukrh gSA gM+rky [kqkh eSa uk djrh ;ks ejhtka dk [kwc [;ky lSAA uk lq.krh cgjh ljdkj ns[kks fdlk deky lSAA P;kj eghus chr x;s ;ks ekax i=k fn;k geuS ckaV ns[kyh Hkrsjh lcj dk ?kwaV fi;k geuS EgaxkbZ dh ekj dlwrh eqag vi.kk fl;k geuS gVoSQ uS iQfj;kn djh lgh jkLrk fy;k geuS
  • 5. p.Mhx<+ uS uk lq.krs izkklu dk cqjk gky lSAA ejhtk dk è;ku dks.;k ;s v[kckj U;ksa iqdkj jgs cgjh ljdkj uS tek ugha ;s D;ksa nqRdkj jgs viQlj gq;s ?ke.Mh ;s ekax ugha Lohdkj jgs mYVk lhèks Egkjs ckjs eSa ;s dj >wBk izpkj jgs lgh ckr ch ekuSa dks.;k bldk ,a Egkjs eyky lSAA yk dkys fcYys lcrS vi.kh ckr lq.kk.kh pkgh Fkh U;k; djks Egkjh xsY;ka ;k feyoSQ vkokt mBkbZ Fkh ;k ljdkj jgh lksaorh uk vkxS ckr pykbZ Fkh ns èkkj.kk tkx.kh pkgh Egkjh [kRe gqbZ lekbZ Fkh oqQN U;ksa cksys D;ksa iaxk ysvks ;ks lkgeh calhyky lSAA flaxy flIV iS vkxh ejht cspkjs rax gkjs lSa usrk viQlj lc ns[k fy, lkjs uax gksjs lSa pkjksa dkUgh gkgkdkj eph ?k.ks tqYeh <ax gksjs lSa ge tk.kka lka vR;kpkj tks efgyk lax gksj lSa dkS.k ftEesnkj gM+rky dk ;ks oks chj dk loky lSaokrkZ % ulks± dk la?ka"kZ kq: gq, nl fnu gks tkrs gSa fnYyh dh ulks±us la?ka"kZ djosQ vius vfèkdkj gkfly fd;sA gfj;k.kk dh ulks± us Hkhviuk vkUnksyu rst dj fn;kA ljdkj dk vfM+;y joS;k cjdjkj gSAulks± dh gM+rky dks iSQy djokus osQ rkSj rjhosQ kq: gks x;s FksAexj ulk± osQ gkSalys cqyUn gSaA mudks ukSdjh ls fudkyus dhèkefd;ka nh tkrh gSaA lqcg ,d fnu lHkh uls± bdV~Bh gqbZ rks nks ulks±us ,d xhr mUgsa lquk;kA xhrVsd& tqYeksa flre ugha lgsaxh uls± vc gfj;k.kk dhAA gd vi.ks ys osQ jgsaxh uls± vc gfj;k.kk dhAA turk dh c<+rh chekjh dk dkS.k ftEesnkj ;gka ogha ges dkVrk ysdj cM+h iSuh ryokj ;gka cSBh cSBh rks ugha ygsaxh uls± vc gfj;k.ks dhAA ljdkj cgjh gks xbZ vkj ikj dh tax gksxh turk dh ge lkfFku turk gekjs lax gksxh vfèkdkjksa [kkfrj iQgsaxh uls± vc gfj;k.ks dhAA lc vLirkyksa esa ejhtksa dks lgh lgh mipkj feys dke T;knk ru[kk FkksM+h ugha ,slh ljdkj feys cscl gksdj ugha ngsaxh uls± vc gfj;k.ks dhAA chj fnYyh dh ulks± us la?ka"kZ dk fcxqy ctk;k la?k"kZ djrs neu lgrs gd vi.kk ik;k
  • 6. lkjh lPph ckr dgsaxh uls± vc gfj;k.ks dhokrkZ % ulks± dh gM+rky cM+s uktqd nkSj ls xqtj jgh FkhA oqQNMkDVj gSa tks pkgrs gSa fd ulks± dh gM+rky dke;kc u gksA T;knkrjMkDVj ;gh pkgrs gSa mudks liQyrk feysA ,d MkDVj vkSj ulZ osQvkil esa gM+rky dks ysdj dkiQh loky tokc gksrs gSaA [kwaVk Bksdmldh ckrs lqu jgk FkkA og loky tokc jkxuh esa fijksrk gSA oSQlsHkyk% loky tokcMkDVj % ,d èkedh ugha mVSxh vkèkh M;wVh iS vk T;kaxhAAulZ % bruh gh.kh er le>S ftUnxh nka iS yk T;kaxhAAMkDVj % cgksr ?k.kh Mjiksd lSa ;s Hkkth Hkh uk F;koSaxhulZ % D;ksa pkowQ pHkksoS [kke[kk tek uk ihB fn[kkoSaxhAAMkDVj % bruk <sB dM+S lS yqd fNi oSQ gktjh ykoSaxhulZ % ngh HkkeS :bZ uk [kkoS ;s bfrgkl c.kkoSaxhMkDVj % lkB dh ubZ Hkjrh iS ?kf.k, ihB fn[kk T;kaxhAAulZ % lkph ckr NqiS dks.;k gM+rky liQy c.kk T;kaxhAAMkDVj % gM+rky dj cSB xbZ ejhtka dh djM+kbZ lSulZ % Ng&Eghus rd ykx jgh lcrS ekax crkbZ lSMkDVj % csjk uk osQ ekax fy;k bZc reus yxh va?kkbZ lSulZ % ftl ru uk iVS fcok.k dh tk.kS ihj ijkbZ lSMkDVj % osQ ;s tks Fkkjh pky crk ljdkj uS jEHkk T;kaxhAAulZ % ljdkj nsoS èkedh ;s osQ geuS Mjk T;kaxhAAMkDVj % dke&èkke oqQN dks.;k djrh Bhd C;kSgkj ughaulZ % dke ?k.kk la[;k FkksM+h lq.kS Egkjh ljdkj ughaMkDVj % ekuksa ckr ljdkj dh vkPNh gks rdjkj ughaulZ % tk;t le>kSrs rS djka ge dns bUkdkj ughaMkDVj % le>kSrk Bqdjk fn;k rks fnu eSa eqag ck T;kaxhAAulZ % ,drk osQ ne iS ljdkj rS ch Vdjk T;kaxhAAMkDVj % ljdkj osQ gkFk lS ykECks Fkkjh ikjh ikj dks.;k tkoSulZ % gM+[kkbZ ljdkj uS ;k turk lcd fl[kkoSMkDVj % D;ksa mQèk ykxjh lS ljdkj oks HkykbZ pkgoSulZ % tk;t ekax eku ys Egkjh D;ksa ;k lhax iaQlkoSMkDVj % pqukSrh nsosQ ljdkj uS ;s uqdlku Bk T;kaxhAAulZ % [kwaVk Bksd Egkjh gkFk lS eafty vi.kh ik T;kaxhokrkZ % ulks± vkSj efU=k;ksa esa okrkZ efU=k;ksa osQ vfM+;y :[k osQdkj.k VwV tkrh gSA calhyky ulks± dh gM+rky dks oqQpyus dk
  • 7. iQjeku tkjh dj nsrk gSA eSMhdy dk Mk- nqcs mlosQ iQjeku dksljvUtke nsus yxrk gSA uflZt cM+h nq[kh gksrh gSa vkSj D;k dgrh gSa% ljdkjh ;ks vknsk mQij dk lS lUnsk isQy djks gM+rky fny iS ykxh lS Bsl dj fn;k ?k.kk Dysk isQy djks gM+rky Ng Eghus èkDosQ [kk;s gqbZ dks, lq.kkbZ uk dkys fcYys yk;s Fks ;k gjdr eSa vkbZ uk èkjuk fn;k geuS lc oqQN fd;k geuS ilhts uk calhyky fnYyh ftruh ru[kk gks pkUn dks.;k ekax jgh iznk dh nkSyr ftruh mruk gh ekax jgh s fn[kkoS lS rkukkkgh ;ks lS tkfye vU;kbZ [kM+;k djS cokyAA ge lcoSQ fny iS la?k"kZ dk fy[;k uke la?k"kZ djus vkY;ka rS Egjk lcdk lyke lkFk fn;ks fiQygkyAA rsjs cksy daVhys gekjs fny esa pqHkrs gSa vktknh osQ ijokus uk èkedh ls #drs gSa [kwaBk Bksd dk [;kyAAokrkZ % calhyky dh rkukkkgh ljdkj us tks ekaxs ulks± dh eku yhFkh] vc og muls Hkh eqdj xbZA Fkwd dj pkVuk blh rjg osQ ekSdksaij bLrseky fd;k tkus okyk eqgkojk gSA ulks± esa cM+k jks"k Nk x;kAehfVax esa ,d ulZ xkdj vius xqLls dk btgkj djrh gSA D;k xk;kHkyk%dcj [kqnsxh calhyky rsjh dcj [kqnsxh vkt ugha rks dy [kqnsxh ulks± ij tqYe dek;kAA] rkukkkgh ls fdrus fnu gfj;k.ks ij jkt djksxs oks fnu nwj ugha tc gekjs iSjksa ij rkt èkjksxs ;s èkhaxk eLrh ugha pysxh ;s oqQlhZ rsjh ugha cpsxh ulksaZ ij tqYe dek;kAA efgykvksa dh ugha dksbZ lqukbZ calh rsjs jkt esa ulks± dh gqbZ csjge fiVkbZ calj rsjs jkt esa ;s uls± ihNs ugha gVsaxh ijph rsjh tYn dVsxh ulks± ij tqYe dek;kAA
  • 8. fygkt kje lc csp oSQ [kkbZ tek , fuLrjX;k D;ksa re egyka eSa ,sk djks Egkjh ru[kk uS eqdjX;k D;ksa rsjs MjkoS eSa ugha vkoS ;wfu;u dk lkFk fuHkkoSa ulks± ij tqYe dek;kAA Egkjh ekax tek xyr ugha isQj ch ts ih pqIih ykjh D;ksa [kwaVk Bksd Egkjk lkFk fuHkkoS mldh dye iqdkjh U;ksa vkj&ikj dh fNM+xh tax ulZ ckaèk diQu fHkM+xh ulks± ij tqYe dek;kAAokrkZ % ulks± osQ ?kjksa ij mudh lLiSaku osQ vkMZj Hkst fn;s tkrsgSaA ,d ckj rks ulks± esa ?kcjkgV iSQy tkrh gSA exj mudh yhMjmUgsa le>krh gSa fd bl izdkj dh xhnM+ HkHkfd;ksa ls Mjuk pkfg;s ,dulZ dh lLiSaku ij mlosQ ifr ls loky tokc gksrs gSa igY;ka euS le>kbZ Fkh eruk gM+rky iS tkoS rwaAA ljdkj uS gjk oSQ ne ysoka D;ksa bruk ?kcjkrs rwaAAifr Egkjs ilhus Y;k jk[ks bl Vjfeusku dh ryokj uS rsjh ukSdjh iS xqtkjk rksgsa MkV jgh Fkh ?kj ckj uS Egkjs daidaih p<+k nh rsjh gM+rky dh yydkj uS nqcs th dk ijokuk vkX;k lLiSaku djh ljdkj uS bc crk osQ djuk lS reuS D;ksa ckydk uS #ykoS rwaAA fgEerh dk jke fgEerh gks bZc eruk jksd yxkoS rwaAAiRuh uxj ikfydk osQ deZ pkjh lSa mudk uke lq.;k gksxk gdka dh [kkrj yM+h yM+kbZ ;ks fdLlk reke lq.;k gksxk fnYyh dh ljdkj <kyh ruS ulks± dk iSxke lq.;k gksxk gfj;k.ks dh ulZ tkx xbZ ;ks ftdjk vke lq.;k gksxk la?k"kZ fcuk ugha xqtkjk D;ksa gksalyk Egkjk ?kVkoSa rwaAA ?kj D;wadj pkySxk L;k.kh uk ckydka rjiQ y[kkoS rwaAAifr igye vkys c[r dM+S lSa D;ksa Hkxr flag ikd jgh ;s cSBh csjkstxkj ulZ Fkkjh ukSdjh iS yk rkd jgh blesa fy[;k cj[kkLr djSxk gqDe lq.kk ;k Mkd jgh tkoSQ M;wVh Tokbu djys D;ksa iqQyk [kke[kk ukd jgh L;k.kh ckr eku ys esjh D;ksa geuS èkjrh iS ykoS rwaAA rsjh dgh eSa D;awdj eksMawxh eruk dle fnokoS rwaAAiRuh bZc M;wVh iS ykoSQ p<+xh rks ulks± dh ,drk VwV T;kxh
  • 9. ljdkj U;kjh&U;kjh djoSQ uS ge lcuS owQV T;kxhEgkjh detksjh dk iQk;nk BkoSQ ge lcuS pwV T;kxhEgkjh esgur vkSj bZekunkjh lcuS ;k ywV T;kxh;k nqfu;k dgrh vkbZ fi;k dkVSxk mls ftls cksoS rwaAAys djys gksalyk gVoSQ D;ksa ikj vkbZ uko MckSrs rwaAA