Reading Comprehension Using Visual Strategies‚There is an old saying that a picture is worth a thousandwords. When it comes to comprehension, this saying might beparaphrased, ‘a visual display helps readers understand,organize, and remember some of those thousand words.’‛~Duke & Pearson, 2002 Katie Leslie Whitney
Reading Comprehension"Researchers have found that good readers areactive or strategic readers who use a variety ofcomprehension strategies before, during, andafter reading a text.‚ ~Perfection Learning Corporation
Visual Strategies• What is it? Reading comprehension using visual strategies is understanding the text through the use of pictures, imagery, and graphic organizers. This means the reader connects their thoughts into visual representations to better understand the literature.• How can these strategies help? ‚There is an old saying that a picture is worth a thousand words. When it comes to comprehension, this saying might be paraphrased, ‘a visual display helps readers understand, organize, and remember some of those thousand words.’‛¹—Duke & Pearson, 2002
Visual BEFORE Reading Strategies• Build Prior Knowledge – Prior knowledge is using previous experiences to connect or predict upcoming events• Predict – Use prior knowledge to talk about what is going to happen in the story or text • Example: While looking at the image of the book below, what do you think is going to happen in the story?
Visual BEFORE Reading Strategies• Picture Walks – Going through images only from the text to familiarize your student with the storys contents• Vocabulary Identification – Have students go through the text and identify the unknown vocabulary. Students can then create pictures to illustrate the meaning of the vocabulary before they read. • Example: Students illustrate science vocabulary words to help them with the meaning
Visual DURING Reading Strategies• Highlight Important Facts – As students read, have them underline or highlight the important facts of the text • Literature: color code the highlighting for the story elements • Textbook: highlight important vocabulary and main topics of the text under each heading • If you are unable to write in a book, use post-its by putting the post-it along the edge of the page to mark the important facts• Graphic Organizer – Using graphic organizers can help students sequence and organize thoughts about a story as they read it
Visual DURING Reading Strategies• Picture Cues – As the student is reading, have them look at the pictures to help them understand what is going on in the text• Stop and Check with Visualization – Have students read a sentence and describe what it looks like in their mind • Example: A student stops while reading her story to picture the words as images in her mind
Visual AFTER Reading Strategies• Sequencing – Have students create visual drawings or story maps of what occurred during the story after they have read it.• Readers Theater – Students role play events from the text by creating the images they "see" while reading • Example: Below is an image of students role playing the events from a story they just finished reading
Visual AFTER Reading Strategies• Response to Literature – Visual clues to help children make connections from the text to themselves, real world, and the text • Example: Below is an example of a visual organizer to help students with their response to literature
Resources for Reading ComprehensionMashable: 6 Sites that can create Mrs. Dowlings Readingcomics online Comprehension Skills CornerEnglish for Everyone: Free reading Enchanted Learning: Resources andcomprehension practice passages worksheets for all subjectsfor all levels Starfall: Free phonics and readingMr. Nussbaum: Reading helpComprehension passages andquizzes Reading A-Z: Everything you need to teach someone to readInteractive Reading Websites Teacher Planet: Worksheets forThe Reading Matrix: Interactive teachers and parentsReading Games Intervention Central: Intervention help and tips
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