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Social anthropology

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  • 1. Social Anthropology
  • 2. Definition of Sociolgy
    • Socius means group, associates or patterns
    • Accdg. To Joseph Fichter, it is the scientific study of patterned , shared human behavior
    • It was first used by Auguste Comte (frenchman) who called himself as sociologist
  • 3. Definition…
    • Rodney Stark, it deals with the study of patterns and process of human relations
    • Micro and macro sociology
    • It is also science of the study of social interactions
    • Study of people living in interdependence
  • 4.
    • Kundberg and associates defined it as body of scientific knowledge with theories based on scientific investigations, observations rather than on armchair speculations
  • 5. SOCIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE
    • It becomes science because it is systematized body of knowledge based on organized facts about patterns of human interactions, of group life, of people living in Interdependence
    • Social scientists study the social world which talks about the results of group conduct.
  • 6. Areas of Sociology
    • Social organization= covers the study of the various social institutions, social groups, social stratification, social mobility, bureaucracy, ethnic groups and relations, and other similar objects
    • Topics like family, education, politics, religion, economy and the like
  • 7. Areas…
    • 2. social psychology= study of human nature as an outcome of group life, social attitudes, collective behavior, and personality formation
    • It deals with group life and individual’s traits , attitudes, beliefs as influenced by group life.
    • Man with reference to group life
  • 8. Areas…
    • Social change and social disorganization= it includes here the study of change in culture and social relations and the disruption that may occur in society
    • It deals with the study of such current social problems in society as juvenile delinquency, criminality, drug addiction, family conflicts, divorce, population problems
  • 9. Areas..
    • 4. human ecology=studies the nature and behavior of a given population and its relationships to the group’s present social institutions
    • Ex. Prevalence of mental illness, criminality, delinquencies, prostitution, and drug addiction in urban centers and other highly developed places
  • 10. Areas…
    • 5. Population or demography= study of population number, composition, change, and quality as they influence the economic, political and social system
  • 11. Areas…
    • 6. Sociological theory and method= it is concerned with the applicability and usefulness of the principles and theories of group life as bases for the regulation of man’s social environment.
    • It includes theory building and testing.
  • 12. Areas…
    • 7. Appllied sociolgy= area utilizes the findings of pure sociological research in various fields such as criminology, social work, community development, education, industrial relations, marriage, ethnic relations, family counseling
  • 13. ANTHROPOLOGY
    • ANTHROPOS MEANS MAN
    • Discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings
    • They are interested in how and why questions about societies in the past and present have varied in their customary ideas in practice
  • 14. Definition
    • It is a branch of knowledge which deals with the scientific study of man, his works, his body, his behavior and values in time and space
    • Scientific study of physical, social and cultural development , and behavior of human beings since their appearance on earth
  • 15.
    • In Human evolution, study of the fossils of man which is concerned with the classification of modern geographical populations and with their processes of physical change; archaeology or prehistory, cultural anthropology, and scientific linguistics
  • 16. Branches of anthropology
    • 1. general anthropology (traditional way)
    • A. physical
    • B. cultural
    • Sub-disciplines of anthropology
    • A. archaeology
    • B. physical anthropology
    • C. linguistics
    • D. cultural anthropology
  • 17. Branches
    • 1. physical= biological anthropology
    • Man’s biological foundations, race evolution, race classifications, and differentiation
    • Subdisciplines: racial history; paleontology, human genetics,
  • 18. Cultural anthro
    • Social anthropology
    • The concept of culture
    • Human beings are distinct from other animals in that they have a culture
    • Social heritage is transmitted through genetic inheritance
    • They are also often called ethnologist and ethnographers
  • 19. Definition of culture
    • It has been defined as the way of life of people which had been learned, shared, and transmitted from one generation to another by means of language and symbols
  • 20. Subdivisions of social anthropology
    • 1. ethnography
    • 2. ethnology
    • 3.social anthropology
    • 4. cultural anthropology
  • 21.
    • 1. ethnography= pure description of the culture of people or an ethnic group
    • They will live in the said community to observe, examine the culture of those people
  • 22.
    • 2. ethnography= analysis, comparison, and contrast of culture of peoples
    • Concerned with patterns of kinship organization, political and economic system, religion, folk arts and music.
  • 23.
    • 3.social anthropology= higher level of abstraction than ethnology
    • 4. cultural anthropology= total life of man in time and space

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