Photography Basics <ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Position </li></ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Geometry </li><...
<ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Backlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Silhouette subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Removes features </li...
Light Frontlighting <ul><li>Color, definition may be lost </li></ul><ul><li>More pronounced reflection </li></ul><ul><li>S...
<ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect / Indoor Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Shadows increase depth </li></ul>
Light Artificial Lighting <ul><li>Incandescent: Orange-yellow effect, warm </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent: Blue-green effec...
<ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Spotlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation begs attention </li></ul><ul><li>Yields dramatic ...
<ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Low Light Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fast” film = grain </li></ul><ul><li>Low shutter ...
Light Open Shutter <ul><li>Absolutely need stability </li></ul><ul><li>Long exposure, bulb setting </li></ul>
Positioning Close-up <ul><li>Zoom lens = expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Invasion is… invasive </li></ul>
<ul><li>Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Distanced </li></ul><ul><li>Accentuates background </li></ul><ul><li>Minimally invas...
Positioning Bird’s-eye View <ul><li>Diminish subject size  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Snail’s-eye View </li></ul><ul><li>Magnifies subject </li></ul>
<ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Very focused attention </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizes background...
Framing Off-centered <ul><li>Clips subject </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizes Background </li></ul>
<ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes are fun! </li></ul>
Geometry Artificial Patterns <ul><li>Create symmetrical frames </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes photograph </li></ul>
<ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Found everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces unity ...
Motion Action <ul><li>Sense of immediacy, speed </li></ul><ul><li>Low shutter speed = blur </li></ul><ul><li>High shutter ...
Motion Inaction <ul><li>Sense of frozen time </li></ul><ul><li>Increased color saturation </li></ul>
<ul><li>Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of Active-Inactive Subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Sparks interest, mood </li></ul...
Depth of Field Shallow or small DOF <ul><li>Sharp focus of small portion </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for portraits </li></ul>
Depth of Field Large DOF <ul><li>Near global focus </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for landscapes </li></ul>
<ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Rendering </li></ul><ul><li>Uses digital filters </li></ul><ul><li>Increases dyn...
<ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Blur </li></ul><ul><li>“ Clothe” a subject </li></ul><ul><li>Can fabricate small...
<ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Increases clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Arduous </li></ul>
<ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Color Manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Correct composition </li></ul><ul><li>Diver...
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5030 Digitalstorytelling Mediatypes Storyboarding Feb 05 09ppt

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Visual Journalism - the Art of Storytelling - Making good pictures

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5030 Digitalstorytelling Mediatypes Storyboarding Feb 05 09ppt

  1. 1. Photography Basics <ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Position </li></ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Backlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Silhouette subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Removes features </li></ul>
  3. 3. Light Frontlighting <ul><li>Color, definition may be lost </li></ul><ul><li>More pronounced reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects may squint </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect / Indoor Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Shadows increase depth </li></ul>
  5. 5. Light Artificial Lighting <ul><li>Incandescent: Orange-yellow effect, warm </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent: Blue-green effect, cold </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Spotlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation begs attention </li></ul><ul><li>Yields dramatic effect </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Low Light Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fast” film = grain </li></ul><ul><li>Low shutter speed = blur </li></ul><ul><li>Flash, tripod, steady hand </li></ul>
  8. 8. Light Open Shutter <ul><li>Absolutely need stability </li></ul><ul><li>Long exposure, bulb setting </li></ul>
  9. 9. Positioning Close-up <ul><li>Zoom lens = expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Invasion is… invasive </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Distanced </li></ul><ul><li>Accentuates background </li></ul><ul><li>Minimally invasive </li></ul><ul><li>Subject may be lost </li></ul>
  11. 11. Positioning Bird’s-eye View <ul><li>Diminish subject size </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Snail’s-eye View </li></ul><ul><li>Magnifies subject </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Very focused attention </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizes background </li></ul>
  14. 14. Framing Off-centered <ul><li>Clips subject </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizes Background </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes are fun! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Geometry Artificial Patterns <ul><li>Create symmetrical frames </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes photograph </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Found everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces unity or chaos </li></ul>
  18. 18. Motion Action <ul><li>Sense of immediacy, speed </li></ul><ul><li>Low shutter speed = blur </li></ul><ul><li>High shutter speed = freeze </li></ul>
  19. 19. Motion Inaction <ul><li>Sense of frozen time </li></ul><ul><li>Increased color saturation </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of Active-Inactive Subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Sparks interest, mood </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces “frozen” subject </li></ul>
  21. 21. Depth of Field Shallow or small DOF <ul><li>Sharp focus of small portion </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for portraits </li></ul>
  22. 22. Depth of Field Large DOF <ul><li>Near global focus </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for landscapes </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Rendering </li></ul><ul><li>Uses digital filters </li></ul><ul><li>Increases dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>May become a crutch </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Blur </li></ul><ul><li>“ Clothe” a subject </li></ul><ul><li>Can fabricate small DOF </li></ul><ul><li>Diminish noise, dust, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Use carefully </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Increases clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Arduous </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Digital Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Color Manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Correct composition </li></ul><ul><li>Diversify color strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the attitude </li></ul>

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