3340 Digital Story Telling Media Types Story Boarding February 28 08


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3340 Digital Story Telling Media Types Story Boarding February 28 08

  1. 1. Digital Storytelling & Tools University of North Texas Department of Journalism Online Journalism 3340 February 26, 2008
  2. 3. The Five ‘I’s <ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth </li></ul>
  3. 4. Text Static Graphic: Photo Text Box Online Discussion Lurker Link <ul><li>Interactive: </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline </li></ul><ul><li>fact box </li></ul><ul><li>Slideshow </li></ul><ul><li>map </li></ul>Quiz Interactive Game Interactive Flash Content Online Discussions Reporter Email Interaction/Involvement Continuum Low High The greater the interaction and involvement, the higher the learning
  4. 5. Integration <ul><li>“ Among-media” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shovelware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproducing newspaper story as-is into newspaper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posting video from newscast onto the web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think that the great fear was that we were all going to turn into three-headed monsters and do three times as much work in eight hours, and you just can’t. And, furthermore, you probably won’t do it that well; particularly in a market this size you can’t afford to have a mediocre person on TV or a mediocre news writer.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Riley, Director of Operations, of TBO.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ojr.org/ojr/workplace/1017858030.php </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Integration <ul><li>“ Within-media” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great reporting + multimedia using digital media tools: your pen, paper, digital recorder, digital video camera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long form narrative meets digital story telling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully integrated into the story assignment process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability for more in-depth coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better interviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greater consciousness of photos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selected use of video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairness & accuracy still reign </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Digital Storytelling Tools <ul><li>Shovelware out, Within Media In </li></ul><ul><li>It’s no place for lazy journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Dig deeper, report more, drive to find more sources, quicker </li></ul><ul><li>Need to be more accurate and more thorough </li></ul><ul><li>Search, research and verify </li></ul>
  7. 8. Digital Storytelling Tools <ul><li>Rules of the road: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tighter, shorter copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section heads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boldface type, bulleted presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull out quotes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fact Boxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Digital Storytelling Tools <ul><li>Drilling Down – What Really Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Old School: Static graphic in chronological order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New School: Dates, images, description, audio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. reuters . com/news/globalcoverage/timelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quality Audio & Video </li></ul><ul><li>Slide shows </li></ul><ul><li>Story Boards </li></ul>
  9. 10. Story Boarding <ul><li>It’s all about nonlinear!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Divide the story into its logical, nonlinear parts, such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A lead or nut paragraph, essentially addressing why this story is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Profiles of the main person or people in the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The event or situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any process or how something works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The history of the event or situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other related issues raised by the story </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Story boarding <ul><li>Change the way you think: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid “First Part”, “Second Part”, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divide the contents of story into media elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Still photos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Story boarding <ul><li>Determine which pieces of story work best with video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What a great way to see, hear, watch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decide which still photos you want </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates moods, punctuates your text, adds context, richness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which audio? And will still photos work with it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad audio detracts from the story, the audio and the entire package </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What about graphics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animated graphics help show how things work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go where no cameras can go: e.g. showing how things work, like cells or space </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Story boarding <ul><li>Using maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google, government, satellite imaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing neighborhoods, patterns of crime </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Chunking stories”. Q&A. First-person. Investigative. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complementary media, not redundant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Match each element. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interactivity means reader involvement </li></ul>