bedrock11 jake drum visual dictionary
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bedrock11 jake drum visual dictionary bedrock11 jake drum visual dictionary Presentation Transcript

  • Visual Dictionary By: Jake Drum
  • Air Barrier Paper • Required: Photograph • Air barrier paper is used to control airflow in a building. it typically completely encloses the air within a building resisting air flow and air pressure. • Air barrier paper prevents outdoor air from getting into a building and the indoor air from getting outside the building.
  • Attic Ventilation • (photo) soffit vent- opening located under the eaves that allows fresh air to enter the attic area and flow upward to the roof vents, where it is exhausted • (Photo) ridge vent -vent installed at the peak of a sloped roof which allows warm, humid air to escape a building's attic • (Photo) gable vent- A screened vent installed at or near the peak of a roof gable that allows warm attic air to escape. • (Photo) roof turbine- round metal vents that have fins in them and stick up from the roof surface. The fins are located in a dome-shaped housing that spins each time the wind blows across it. The faster the wind speed, the faster the turbine rotates pumping more air from the attic.
  • Backhoe • (Photograph) • Definition/Type of work- an excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth • Width of bucket- 24”
  • Batter Boards • (Photograph) • Definition- Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line
  • Brick Arches • Photo and label of brick arch #1 (1 pt.) • Photo and label of brick arch #2 ( 1pt.) • Photo of an arch with a keystone and labeled ‘Arch with a Keystone’ (1 pt.); this needs • to be a separate photo from #1 and #2 • Photo of centering definition-A temporary structure for support of the parts of a masonry or concrete arch during its construction
  • Brick Bonds • Brick bond #1 – Flemish bond - each course alternates one header then one stretcher • Brick bond #2 – English bond- a course of headers followed by a course of stretchers • Labeled photo of soldiers (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of sailors (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of stretcher rowlocks (shiners) (1 pt.)
  • Brick Sizes • King, 3 3/8” x 3” x 10” • Modular, 4” x 2 2/3” x 8”
  • Bulldozer • A tractor with a blade in front used for pushing earth and rocks and building debris and for coarse preliminary surface grading
  • Cladding • Photo of brick clad structure (1 pt.) • Photo of EFIS clad structure (1 pt.) • stone clad structure random coursing • Photo of wood board clad structure (1 pt.) • Photo of wood shingle or shake clad structure; • shake; guess which is shown in photo Wood SHINGLES are milled smooth and beveled, and should be installed with the thicker lower ends raised on wood strips (both over a solid layer of roofing felt on the roof sheathing) so that the shingles can dry out. Wood SHAKES are rough split with very uneven surfaces, and can be installed with overlapping layers of felt between the layers of shakes (wood strips are not as necessary, but can be used, also).(1pt.)
  • Code Requirements • Photo of door or window egress from bedroom. If door, explain that window size is irrelevant. For windows, list critical measurements; state why or why not your window meets code ( 1 pt.) • • Give tread and riser dimensions. Show calculations and indicate why this stair does or does not meet IBC code. (1 pt.)
  • Concrete Joints • control joint- Tooled, straight grooves made on concrete floors to quot;controlquot; where the concrete should crack. • photo of a crack near a control joint (1 pt.) • Photo and isolation joint- Separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the horizontal and vertical directions. Column is being isolated from slab
  • Concrete Masonry Unit • 1 CMU = 3 brick courses • CMU-— large rectangular brick (most commonly 8 in × 8 in × 16 in) used in construction. Concrete blocks are made from cast concrete, i.e. Portland cement and aggregate • 2 different size CMU • Labeled photo of decorative CMU surface finish
  • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units • Photo of installed units of split block • ribbed split-face block and striated blocks
  • Door Hands • Photo of Interior right hand door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided and which is on which side of the door (1 pt.) • Photo of Interior left hand door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided andwhich is on which side of the door (1 pt.) • Photo of Interior right hand reverse door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided and which is on which side of the door (1 pt.) • Photo of Interior left hand reverse door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided and which is on which side of the door (1 pt.)
  • Doors Top rail • Exterior flush door • exterior panel door panel, stile, top rail, lock rail, and bottom rail Lock rail • transom • Sidelight Bottom rail stile
  • Electrical Components • Photo, label, and function of a power pole with a transformer or and undergroundtransformer box (1 pt.)- used to support overhead electrical wires • Photo, label, and function of a service head (1 pt.)- • Photo, label, and function of a meter (1 pt.) A device used to measure and record the amount of electric power used by a consumer • Photo, label, and function of a service panel (1 pt.) Electrical panel, containing circuit breakers, which is the distribution point for the entering electric service • , label, and function of a duplex receptacle (1 pt.) Electrical outlet with space for two plugs.
  • Framing Elements Anchor bolt Sole plate • #1 anchor bolt • #2 and photo of sill plate • subflooring #3 and photo of floor joist • #4 subflooring sheathing • #5 sole plate • #6 stud Stud • #7 top plate Sole plate Ceiling joist • #8 ceiling joist • #9 rafter • #10 roof decking • #11 sheathing Rafter • #12 stringer stringer
  • Front End Loader • used to load material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed- hooper, rail-car, etc.).
  • Gypsum Board • Wallboard consisting of layers of gypsum and paper, used in walls and partitions as a substitute for plaster • Photo of gypsum board installed, but not painted
  • Heat Pump • Required for both points: List one advantage of heat pumps • Required for both points: List one disadvantage of heat pumps • Labeled photo of compressor/condenser and tell what it’s doing (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of air handling unit and tell what it’s doing (1 pt.)
  • Insulation • Required for each point: Tell what the purpose of insulation is • Labeled photo of batt or blanket insulation (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of loose fill insulation (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of foamed insulation (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of rigid board insulation (1 pt.)
  • Lintel • Labeled photo of angle steel lintel or concrete lintel • Definition of lintel
  • Mortar • mortar joint #1 • #1= troweled • size: 5/8” • Used on a house • type M mortar • mortar joint #2 • #2= tooled • Size: 7/8” • used on a house • Type M mortar
  • Oriented Strand Board • OSB consists of wood strands bonded with adhesives to form a mat. these mats are layered and oriented for maximum strength, stiffness and stability. The individual strands are typically three to four inches long. And are not veneered
  • Plumbing • Lavatory-fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainage for washing. Bathroom sink. • piping used to drain a lavatory = 1-1/2” • water closet • Photo of a manufactured shower or tub set in framing prior to gypsum board being installed • Required: Photo of a plumbing roof vent • VTR depressurizes the waste piping of indoor plumbing, preventing the passage of sewer gas into the home • kitchen or bathroom sink installed in a countertop
  • Plywood • plywood- type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength • Veneer- A thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to coarser wood or other material; An attractive appearance that covers or disguises true nature
  • Radiant Barrier • Radiant barrier- A radiant barrier is a reflective surface, on or near a building component, that intercepts the flow of radiant energy to and from the building
  • Rebar • Photo of rebar – at least 1’ exposed • Diameter= # 5 = 5/8” • Deformed to help the concrete get a grip on the bar
  • Steep Roof Drainage • Gutter- a channel along the eaves or on the roof; collects and carries away rainwater • Downspout- A vertical pipe that carries rainwater from the guttering of a building to a drain or the ground • Splash block- A pad placed under the lower end of a downspout and diverts the water from the downspout away from the house
  • Steep Roof Materials • Underlayment- An asphalt-saturated felt or other sheet material (may be self-adhering) installed between the roof deck and the roof covering, usually used in a steep-slope roof construction • clay tile roof • Shingle- a small, thin piece of building material, often with one end thicker than the other, for laying in overlapping rows as a covering for the roof • preformed metal roof- is a roofing system made from metal pieces or tiles. It is a component of the building envelope.
  • Steep Roof Shapes • gable roof • gambrel roof • hip roof • mansard roof
  • Steep Roof Terms • ridge • valley • eave • rake • fascia • building without a fascia • soffit
  • Vapor Retarder • Required: Photo of a vapor retarder • A vapor retarder resists diffusion of moisture through wall, ceiling and floor assemblies of buildings. In climate zones that have warmer winters they are usually placed on the exterior
  • Waterproofing • Required: Photo of waterproofing • waterproofing resists or does not allow water passage • Picture is of liquid applied waterproofing the advantages of this are- Controlled curing faster in variety of climates , Applied in any thickness, Available in vertical or horizontal grades, Applied to OSB, Plywood, Metal and Concrete.
  • Weep Hole • Weep hole- A small drain hole for water. In brickwork it is used above a damp-proof course • Required: Photo of weep hole
  • Welded Wire Fabric • Measurement of grid in both directions= 6x8
  • Windows • Photo of window #1 in open position • Casement window • It is a casement window because it is hinged on the side and opens outward • Photo of window #2 in open position • Double hung • it is a double hung because it has two sashes, upper and lower, that slide vertically past each other • Photo of window #3 in open position • Sliding window • It is a sliding window because it opens by sliding horizontally