THE ROLES OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN LEARNING

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  • 1. From traditional point of view, technology serves as source and presenter of knowledge. It is assumed that " knowledge is embedded in the technology ( e.g. the content presented by films and t.v programs or the teaching sequence in programmed instruction ) and the technology presents that knowledge to the student ( David H. Jonassen, et al, 1999 )
  • 2. From the constructivist point of view, educational technology serves as learning tools that learners learn with. It engages learners in " active, constructive, intentional, authentic, an d cooperative learning. It provides opportunities for technology and learner interaction for meaningful learning. In this case, technology will not be mere delivery vehicle for content. Rather it is used as facilitator of thinking and knowledge construction.;
  • 3. • Technology as tools to support knowledge construction: - for representing learners ideas, understandings and beliefs - for producing organized, multimedia knowledge bases by learners
  • 4. • Technology as information vehicles for exploring knowledge to support learning-byconstructing: - for accessing needed information - for comparing perspectives, beliefs and world views
  • 5. •Technology as a social medium to support learning by conversing: -for collaborating with others -for discussing, arguing, and building -consensus among members of a community - for supporting discourse among knowledgebuilding communities
  • 6. • Technology as intellectual partner ( Jonassen 1996 ) to support learning-by-reflecting: - for helping learners to articulate and represent what they know - for reflecting on what they have learned and how they came to know it - for supporting learners internal negotiations and meaning making - for constructing personal representations of meaning - for supporting mindful thinking
  • 7. THE END….
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