Mikhail Gorbachev
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Mikhail Gorbachev

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Mikhail Gorbachev Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Mikhail Gorbachev Presented By : Mandar Pandeshwar(34) Jayesh Parab(35) Vishal Pasi(36)
  • 2. Life
  • 3. Political Career
  • 4. Reforms
    • Uskoreniye (acceleration)
    • Glasnost (liberalisation, openness)
    • Perestroika (restructuring)
    • Demokratizatsiya (democratization)
    • Alcohol reform
    • Political reforms
    • Law on Cooperatives , 1988
    • Withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan
  • 5. Collapse of Soviet Union
    • Severe shortages of basic food
    • supplies
    • Glasnost and Demokratizatsiya
    • Referendum of 1991 for the
    • preservation of the USSR
    • The August Coup
    • Ukrainian popular referendum on December 1, 1991
    • Gorbachev’s resignation
  • 6. End of Cold War
    • In 1988, Soviet Union abandon Brezhnev Doctrine.
    • String of revolutions in Eastern European counties like East Germany, Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia in late 1989–90.
    • Withdrawal of Soviet troops from Eastern European countries.
    • In 1990 reunification of East with West Germany.
    • This effectively ended the Cold War, and for this Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel peace prize on October 15, 1990.
  • 7. Honours and Accolades
    • 1990: Nobel Prize
    • 1992: Ronald Reagan Freedom Award
    • 1993: Legum Doctor, honoris causa from
    • Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada
    • 1994: Grawemeyer Award
    • 1995: Honorary Doctorate from Durham University, England
    • 1996: Courage of Conscience Award
    • 2004: Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album
    • 2005: Point Alpha Prize
  • 8. References
    • http://en.wikipedia.org
    • http://www.britannica.com
    • http://www.mikhailgorbachev.org
    • http://www.nobleprizes.org
    • Thank You
  • 9. Quick Facts
    • Crimson birthmark on the top of his bald head
    • was the source of much satire among critics and
    • cartoonists
    • Founded the Gorbachev Foundation in 1992,
    • headquartered in San Francisco, California
    • Founder and president of Green Cross
    • International(1993), a non-profit organization
    • that focuses on global ecological law
    • Gorbachev appeared as himself in the Wim Wenders film, Faraway, So Close!
    • Gorbachev appeared with his granddaughter Anastasia in an internationally-screened television commercial for Pizza Hut