Working with the Australian Curriculum: Geography, Malcolm McInerney, AGTA
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  • 1. : Presented by Malcolm McInerney, AGTA Chair
  • 2. http://spatialworlds.blogspot.com
  • 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM FORGEOGRAPHY IS A ONCE IN A TEACHING LIFETIME OPPORTUNITY TO: * EVALUATE OUR GEOGRAPHY COURSES * DEVELOP A 21ST CENTURY GEOGRAPHY CURRICULUM * PRESENT GEOGRAPHY AS A DYNAMIC, RELEVANT and EXCITING DISCIPLINE FOR STUDENTS * PROMOTE THE ‘BRAND’ OF GEOGRAPHY IN THE COMMUNITY
  • 4. What makes modern Geography modern Geography?“The Australian Curriculum forgeography is an unprecedentedopportunity to ensure that geography inschools reflects amazing developments in‘neogeography’.” ( new geography, applied to the usage of geographicaltechniques and tools used for personal and community activities.)Dr Peter Hill, EX-ACARA CEO
  • 5. THE LONG AND WINDING ROAD WITH THE AC:GEOGRAPHY • May 2009:: ACARA presented with the TNGC Background Paper and Position Paper. • October 2009: ACARA Geography Reference Group established to develop a draft AC: Geography Shape Paper. • June 2010: Draft AC: Geography Shape Paper released for on-line consultation. • July 2010: ACARA Advisory Group appointed to produce the final AC: Geography shape paper. • January 2011: AC: Geography shape paper released. • March – October 2011: A group of writers and Advisors worked on developing a draft scope and sequence. • October 2011: Draft scope and sequence released for on-line consultation. • March – June 2012: Writer and advisors respond to feedback and draft a new scope and sequence. • June-July 2012: Draft goes to jurisdictions and GTA’s for feedback. • August-September 2012: Final rewrite by writers and advisors. • December 2012: On-line publication of the Australian Curriculum: Geography.
  • 6. WHAT IS GEOGRAPHYThe future of geography and thepublic perception of what geographyis are critical questions we need totalk about when working with theAustralian Curriculum: Geography.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3IIjIQ7t7nM&feature=player_detailpagehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pbgai3dK16Q&feature=player_detailpage
  • 7. What’s this thing called Geography?“Geography was my favourite subject atschool.” Then what happened?Over the past 30 years we have seen a drastic decline in geography.“Geography lost its way”: Peter Hill ACARA CEO WHAT DID THEY LIKE ABOUT GEOGRAPHY?
  • 8. GEOGRAPHY AS MANY OF US KNEW IT AT SCHOOL
  • 9. Community perception of what modern geography is …“I Iike geography. I like to know where places are.” - TomFelton “Geography is just physics slowed down, with a couple of trees stuck in” - Terry Prachett" I get to go to overseas places, likeCanada."— Britney Spears “ The global importance of the Middle East is that it keeps the Far East and the Near East from encroaching on each other.”
  • 10. Geography is…..… a structured way of exploring, analysingand explaining the characteristics of the placesthat make up our world, through perspectivesbased on the concepts of place, space andenvironment. From the draft ACARA Scope and sequence for geography, October 2011
  • 11. Geography as a discipline can be split broadly into twomain subsidiary fields: human and physical geography. Human geography focuses on the built environment and how humans create, view, manage, and influence space. Physical geography examines the natural environment and how climate, organisms, soil, water, and landforms produce and interact.. The difference between these approaches led to a third field, Environmental geography, which combines physical and human geography and looks at the interactions between the environment and humans.
  • 12. CONTENT APPROACHES OVER TIME IN GEOGRAPHY PRE 1970’S GEOGRAPHY: THINGS ABOUT THE REGIONS OF THE EARTH GEOGRAPHICAL SYSTEMS THINKING IN THE 1970’SGEOGRAPHICAL CONCEPTUAL THINKING IN THE AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM
  • 13. Humanity ... is like people packed inan automobile which is travellingdown hill, without lights, on a darknight at terrific speed and driven bya four-year-old child. The signpostsalong the way are all marked"Progress.“ Lord Dunsany (1878 – 1957) Anglo-Irish WriterThe need for abalanced,aspirationalsunshinegeography forthe future
  • 14. "If geography itself hasany significance it is thatwe are made to lift our eyesfrom our small provincialselves to the whole complexand magnificent world."Richard Burton (1821 - 1890) to the RoyalGeographical Society.British explorer, translator, writer, soldier,orientalist, ethnologist, linguist, poet, hypnotist,fencer and diplomat.
  • 15. VIEWING THE DRAFT AC: GEOGRAPHYTHROUGH THE LENS OF THE 21ST CENTURY
  • 16. What does a 21st Century curriculum in Geography look like? Informs What Why How geography to study the geography to teach the teach geographyThe What, How and Why of a modern Geography curriculum in schools.
  • 17. Geography aims to … dr a ft • a sense of wonder and curiosity about places, people, cultures and environments throughout the world • a deep geographical knowledge of their own place, Australia, our region and the world • the ability to think geographically, based on an understanding of the concepts of place, space, environment, interconnection, sustainability, scale and change • the capacity to be competent, critical and creative users of geographical inquiry methods and skills • as informed, responsible and active citizens who can contribute to the development of a sustainable world. ACARA Australian Curriculum: Geography draft scope and sequence
  • 18. CONCEPTS: THINKING GEOGRAPHICALLY
  • 19. Thegeographical Locationconcept meaning humanwheel diversity sustainability pattern distribution uniqueness natural identity interconnection local-global trends density processes characteristics proximity futures Human- intangible virtual environment relative sustainability links Impact of change time consistency association pace system dynamic flow movement interdependence system equilibrium zoom interconnection futures directions measurement change Triple bottom line system distance hierarchies change ecology biosphere local-global Generational biodiversity space equity Non-living living interconnection maps justice Human-physical processes sustainability
  • 20. THE STRUCTURE OF AC: GEOGRAPHYGeographical Geographical InquiryKnowledge and and SkillsunderstandingsContent descriptions with elaborations Content descriptions with elaborationsfor each year F-10 over 2 years, commencing with Foundation but then 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10, dr a ft
  • 21. GEOGRAPHICAL INQUIRY IN AC: GEOGRAPHY• Observing, questioning and planning• Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing data• Analysing and concluding• Communicating• Reflecting and responding Trying to develop a unique geographical inquiry process
  • 22. THE CURRICULUM FORMAT Skills and Inquiry StrandInquiry stage Elaborations Content Description
  • 23. THE CURRICULUM FORMATKnowledge and Understanding Strand
  • 24. CONTENT FOR THE AC: GEOGRAPHY• What should be in and what should be out?• What is important?• What is imperative?• What is engaging?• What is useful (socially, vocationally, personally, environmentally, nationally …)?• What content is achievable for schools (teacher expertise and resources)• Should we push outside of what is happening know?• What should be in a 21st Century curriculum?
  • 25. PRIMARY STAGES OF LEARNING IN GEOGRAPHY Foundation Year: People live in places Year 1: Places have distinctive features Year 2: People are connected to many places Year 3: Places are both similar and different Year 4: People have a relationship with the environment Year 5: Human and environmental processes shape places Year 6: People belong to a diverse world a ft dr
  • 26. 7 – 10 Year Level Units dra• Water in the world (7) ft• Places in which to live (7)• Landforms and landscapes (8)• Shaping the Nation (8)• Biomes and food security (9)• People experiencing and making geography (9)• Environmental challenges and geography (10)• Global geographies of human well-being (10)
  • 27. Senior Secondary AC: Geography contains four unitsUnit 1: The changing biophysical cover of the earth… focussing on the changing biophysical cover of the earth’ssurface. ftUnit 2: Sustaining places ra… focussing on the economic, social and environmentalsustainability of places.Unit 3: Environmental Risk Management d… focussing on identifying risks and managing those risks toeliminate or minimise harm to the environment whilst benefittingfrom economic activities.Unit 4: A world in the making… focussing on the widening, deepening and speeding up ofglobal interconnections … to consider how changes in connectionsaffect specific localities and groups of people.
  • 28. FEEDBACK IN A NUTSHELL• Generally happy with the rationale and aims.• Accepting of the strands (two strands).• Ambivalent to primary years (primary geographers?)• Disturbed physical geographers.• Thought too much economics.• Fractured views on Year 8 Personal. Geographers (hate and love) – that’s not geography!!• Bemused views on Year 9 geography (Biomes and globalisation!)• Applause for Year 7 and 10.• Generally happy with Year 7 and 8 physical geography units but wanted switch.• Rejection of Unit 4 of senior secondary.• Confusion on Skills and Inquiry strand.• We thought it was about 80% cooked but others not as generous.
  • 29. Knowledge is important, but because of time constraints it must be chunks of deep learning, not vast swathes of shallow learning.”http://wiki.bath.ac.uk/display/charlescornelius/A+Curriculum+for+the+21 st+Century THE CONTENT VERSUS PROCESS DEBATE!
  • 30. Still discussion points* What is geography? What is physical and human geography versus science and social studies?* The nature of place and space.* The nature of sustainability in geography.* The importance of the spatial perspective.* Geography and citizenship capacity.* The mandating of fieldwork.* Social justice aims and “left wing” thinking?* The aim of engagement versus essential coverage.* The physical/human geography balance.* How do we integrate the key concepts into the curriculum content?* How much economic geography is too much?* Spatial technology and it’s use as a core issue to be mandated in some way or not in the skills strand.• The need for the language and terminology of the document to be understandable to non-geographers.• Is there a place for personal geographies* Geography in the primary setting – suitability and achievability.
  • 31. If we are concentratingon geographicalconceptual thinking ina 21st Centurycurriculum, does itmatter what thecontent is?
  • 32. The 21st Century world is highly interconnected andinterdependent, media saturated, culturally diverse,technology driven, rapidly changing, informationoverloaded, cynical, environmentally degraded, mobile,spatial technology enabled and increasingly homogeneous.
  • 33. What does a 21st Century curriculum in Geography look like? Informs What Why How geography to study the geography to teach the teach geographyThe What, How and Why of a modern Geography curriculum in schools.
  • 34. THROUGH THE GEOGRAPHICAL LENS
  • 35. GEOGRAPHICAL CONCEPTUAL THINKING IN THE AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM: GEOGRAPHY: 21ST CENTURY GEOGRAPHY? The geographical lens
  • 36. The deconstruction and subsequent construction of knowledge/content using the key concepts when studying geography = geographical thinkingDeveloping geographical understanding
  • 37. THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHY JIGSAWAustralian ProfessionCurriculum: al LearningGeography for AC: GeographyACARA2009-2012 2013 2013 ? GEOGSPACE on-line resources ? for Implementation in AC :Geography the States: who is developed by AGTA responsible to say … ? with ESA The role of geography teachers 2012 associations in implementation
  • 38. PUTTING THE NATIONALGEOGRAPHY JIGSAW TOGETHER Australian Professional Curriculum: Learning for AC: Geography 2013 Geography ACARA 2009-2012 GEOGSPACE on-line ? ? Implementation in 2013 resources for the States: who is AC :Geography responsible to say … ? developed by AGTA with ESA The role of geography teachers associations in implementation 2012 How do we make it happen?
  • 39. RESOURCES* Keys to Geography Written by AGTA and published by MacMillan Exploring 21st Century Geography DVDA resource available for purchase via PayPal via AGTA website AITSL and AGTA Contracted by AITSL in 2012 to develop examples of good practice in geography aligned to Australian Professional Teaching Standards and AC: Geography. ESA and AGTA GEOGSPACE Contracted by ESA in 2012 to develop on-line resources for AC: Geography.
  • 40. GeogSpace• A resource to support the teaching of the Australian Curriculum: Geography• A joint AGTA / ESA project (funded by ESA and developed by AGTA)• A free website (open to all) containing over 60 Illustrations of practice and professional learning objects• Written and developed by Australian geography teachers from every state of Australia – a first ever resource for Australian Geography teaching• Will be available in March 2013• A 21st Century Geography resource dedicated to the Australian Curriculum: Geography
  • 41. The challenge is to produce a geography curriculum that is academically, professionally and publically popular but not loathed in the classroom.“If theyd lower the taxes and getrid of the smog and clean up thetraffic mess, I really believe Idsettle here until the next
  • 42. Keeping in touch with AGTA http://www.agta.asn.au/
  • 43. Feedback on the ACARA and the TNGC websiteshttp://www.acara.edu.au/http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/home/ www.ngc.org.au
  • 44. REGISTER ON THE GTASA WEBSITE www.gtasa.asn.au
  • 45. http://spatialworlds.blogspot.com/
  • 46. 21st Century Geography in Australian Schools Google Grouphttp://groups.google.com/group/21st-century-geography-in-australian-schools/