Using Spatial Technologies in the Geography Classroom
Using Spatial Technologies in the Geography Classroom USING SPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE GEOGRAPHY CLASSROOM The first picture taken of Earth from space, October 24, 1946.
Spatial literacy and spatial technologies To be considered ‘spatially literate’, an individual must have the ability to capture and communicate knowledge in the form of a map, to understand and recognise the world as view from above, to recognise and interpret patterns, and to comprehend such basic concepts as scale, projection and spatial resolution Goodchild (2006)
What are spatial technologies Spatial technologies include any form of technology that refers to place, space and location. Specifically, they are technologies that organize and collect data, by referencing the information collected to a point on the earth’s surface using latitude and longitude. Image taken by Apollo 11, 1969
Eighty per cent of all information gathered today has a spatial or geographical component. This means that most information is tied to a place. This is a Landsat 7 Satellite image (WRS Path 179, Row 77, centre: -24.56, 14.93) of Namib-Naukluft National Park in Namibia's vast Namib Desert – Taken from Earth as Art.
Since the development of Google Earth in 2005, there has been a surge of innovation as new technologies have linked places on the internet to places in the real world.
The power of spatial technologies to communicate a message have become more obvious.
Remote sensing is the science and art of obtaining information about the Earth’s surface without being in contact with it. Remote Sensing and Imagery Taken from Earth as Art.
Global positioning systems GPS GPS is a satellite-based navigation technology that uses a network of 24 satellites placed in orbit to determine locations on earth.
A computer-based mapping software that collects, stores and analyses previously unrelated information into easily understood maps. The GIS program represents the data as layers of information (called themes). These layers of data can be turned on or off, according to what the user wants to look at and the relationships they are trying to find. Geographic information systems GIS
“ The most terrible outbreak of cholera which occurred in this kingdom is probably that which took place in Broad Street, Golden Square and adjoining streets [of Soho]…there were upwards of five hundred attacks of cholera in ten days”. Dr John Snow The first GIS map?
http://risingfromruin.msnbc.com/stories.html Virtual field trips
Online Map Linked to Fatal Turn Sydney Morning Herald Questionable directions given by online mapping services could have contributed to the death of James Kim, who perished while trying to save his stranded family. Asher Moses, 8 th December, 2006 Insurgents ‘Using Google Earth’ Telegraph.co.uk Insurgents could be using satellite images from a popular website to mount attacks on British and American bases in Iraq, defence experts said last night. Jasper Copping, 17 th December 2005 SPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES: IN THE NEWS
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