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ADN255Unit1

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1/14/10 ADN255 Lecture Notes

1/14/10 ADN255 Lecture Notes

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 6
    Historical Perspectives: Influences of the past
    • Explain the early European contributions to nursing
    • 2. Explain…
    Nursing History: people and places
    • Where did it all begin?
    • 3. Nurse derived from latin word nutricius, meaning nourishing
    • 4. Nursing performed by priestesses
    • 5. Why deacons widows and virgins?
    • 6. Deaconesses ministered the sick
    • 7. Widows only married once
    • 8. Greater value placed on purity of body – the virgin
    • 9. Became known as nuns (not married) – nurses were even called nuns
    • 10. How did knighthood contribute to nursing?
    • 11. Hospital of St. John built for Christian crusaders
    • 12. Male nurses were called hospitalers
    • 13. What about revolts and nursing?
    • 14. Revolts of a social nature directly affected nursing
    • 15. Industrial and intellectual revolutions
    • 16. Florence Nightingale – the legend and the lady
    • 17. Crimean war
    • 18. Schools of nursing
    • 19. What did nightingale and her staff of all nurses do that decreased soldier mortality rates during the Crimean war?
    • 20. By saying that we need to treat the entire body and we need to be clean – wash our hands
    American nursing: critical factors
    • What was it like in colonial times?
    • 21. All able-bodied persons had nursing responsibilities
    • 22. Women were preferred to do the nursing
    • 23. What happened during the period of the civil war?
    • 24. Formal nursing training began – before then nursing skills were passed down
    • 25. How did the roles of nurses and wives compare during the Victorian era?
    • 26. Generally, nurses wanted to avoid a Victorian marriage
    • 27. Women were expected to be submissive and hard working
    • 28. Who were the reformers?
    • 29. Nutting
    • 30. Goodnow
    • 31. Dock
    • 32. Goodrich
    • 33. Hampton Robb
    • 34. Wald
    • 35. Stewart
    • 36. Palmer
    History of Nursing Education
    • What is the history of diploma nursing?
    • 37. Oldest form – diploma nurse learned skills by taking care of pts – learned HANDS ON
    • 38. Emphasis on skills
    • 39. Less than 10% of all RN programs
    • 40. What is the history of associate degree nursing?
    • 41. First and only program developed from research and experimentation
    • 42. Begin in 1951 grown to more than 880 programs
    • 43. Dr. Montag’s proposal for a technical nursing curriculum at the community college level
    • 44. The “technical nurse” working at the bedside
    • 45. Terminal degree – meaning there is an endpoint in the program
    • 46. What is the history of baccalaureate nursing?
    • 47. 1889 Mercy Hospital in Chicago affiliated with Northwestern University
    • 48. Early programs usually 5 years in length – now 4 yrs
    • 49. What is the hx of graduate nursing education?
    • 50. Originated during late 1800’s
    • 51. NLN published guidelines for organization, administration, curriculum, and testing in 1957
    • 52. Current master’s programs 398
    • 53. (MASTERS PROGRAMS: NP’s, nurse educators, etc)
    **KNOW**
    Who is Florence N? – Started school of nursing
    Nurse meaning in Latin
    Know different levels of nursing Edu.
    The Nurse’s Role: The struggle for definitions
    • What do nurses do?
    • 54. Caregiver
    • 55. Teacher
    • 56. Advocate – listen to pt make sure they get appropriate care
    • 57. Managers – bc you are managing the pts care – making sure as a nurse they are getting the care they need – getting ppl who are appropriate
    • 58. Colleague – work with nurses aide, dr. etc
    • 59. Expert – in nursing
    • 60. What is the traditional role of a nurse?
    What about Experts?
    The Beginning
    • Nurses are caregivers
    • 66. Nurses are teachers
    • 67. Nurses are managers
    • 68. Nurses are colleagues
    • 69. Nurses are experts
    (quote)
    CHAPTER 7
    Nursing Education
    Review diploma vs associate vs bachelorette etc.
    Other types of nursing education
    • What are the other edu options?
    • 70. BSN completion programs
    • 71. Career ladder or bridge programs
    • 72. External degree programs
    • 73. Accelerated programs
    • 74. Online university programs
    • 75. What is a BSN/MSN completion program?
    • 76. BSN
    • 77. Baccalaureate program designed for those who have obtained a diploma or associates degrtee in nursing and hold a current RN license to practice
    • 78. Nurse receives transfer credit in basic edu courses taken at other institutions
    • 79. 2 years
    • 80. What is a career ladder program
    • 81. Focuses n articulation without loss of credit
    • 82. Example: RN to BSN or MSN or doctoral levels
    • 83. What is external degree program?
    • 84. Credit for knowledge…
    • 85. Missed
    • 86. Accelerated
    • 87. Offered at BSN and masters
    • 88. Transition a person w/ undergrad degree into another disciple into nursing
    • 89. Online
    • 90. Courses and entire nursing programs offered completely online
    • 91. University of Phoenix online campus
    • 92. Masters degree as path to RN
    • 93. Attractive to college grads
    • 94. Some colleges offer as initial professional degree in nursing
    • 95. Doctoral path to becoming an RN?
    • 96. Least common
    • 97. Currently 58 baccalaureate to doctoral nursing programs (aacn research and data center 2007)
    Graduate Education – skipped thru slides
    Credentialing
    • Written document stating individuals qualifications
    • 98. Can signify a person’s performance
    • 99. Indicates academic achievement
    • 100. Your nursing license is a legal credential
    Registration and Licensure
    • Licensure requires a minimum competency by exam
    • 101. It is maintained by a state board of nursing
    • 102. Foreign students are required to pass NCLEX-RN
    Certification
    Accreditation
    Nursing Journals and Literature
    • The American Journal of Nursing was first published in 1900 by the ANA and is still in publication today
    • 103. Nursing “year” and RN are two other widely read nursing journals
    Future Trends
    • The changing student profile
    • 104. Nontraditional students – making midlife career changes
    • 105. Older, married, and with families
    • 106. Poor, minority, and foreign students
    • 107. Educational mobility
    • 108. How to return nurses to school for education advancement
    • 109. A shortage of qualified nursing faculty
    • 110. Decreasing number of nurses becoming instructors
    • 111. Technology and education
    • 112. Advances in telecommunications and computer assisted instruction
    • 113. Outreach programs
    • 114. Changing health care settings
    • 115. Shift from inpatient to outpatient settings
    • 116. Focus on maintain health vs dealing with illness
    • 117. Aging population
    • 118. Growing
    • 119. Eldercare
    • 120. Emerging opportunities
    • 121. Increased demands for RNs
    • 122. Case manger
    • 123. Independent consultant
    • 124. NP
    • 125. Policy maker
    • 126. Entrepreneur

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