ADN255Unit1

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1/14/10 ADN255 Lecture Notes

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ADN255Unit1

  1. 1. CHAPTER 6<br />Historical Perspectives: Influences of the past<br /><ul><li>Explain the early European contributions to nursing
  2. 2. Explain…</li></ul>Nursing History: people and places<br /><ul><li>Where did it all begin?
  3. 3. Nurse derived from latin word nutricius, meaning nourishing
  4. 4. Nursing performed by priestesses
  5. 5. Why deacons widows and virgins?
  6. 6. Deaconesses ministered the sick
  7. 7. Widows only married once
  8. 8. Greater value placed on purity of body – the virgin
  9. 9. Became known as nuns (not married) – nurses were even called nuns
  10. 10. How did knighthood contribute to nursing?
  11. 11. Hospital of St. John built for Christian crusaders
  12. 12. Male nurses were called hospitalers
  13. 13. What about revolts and nursing?
  14. 14. Revolts of a social nature directly affected nursing
  15. 15. Industrial and intellectual revolutions
  16. 16. Florence Nightingale – the legend and the lady
  17. 17. Crimean war
  18. 18. Schools of nursing
  19. 19. What did nightingale and her staff of all nurses do that decreased soldier mortality rates during the Crimean war?
  20. 20. By saying that we need to treat the entire body and we need to be clean – wash our hands</li></ul>American nursing: critical factors<br /><ul><li>What was it like in colonial times?
  21. 21. All able-bodied persons had nursing responsibilities
  22. 22. Women were preferred to do the nursing
  23. 23. What happened during the period of the civil war?
  24. 24. Formal nursing training began – before then nursing skills were passed down
  25. 25. How did the roles of nurses and wives compare during the Victorian era?
  26. 26. Generally, nurses wanted to avoid a Victorian marriage
  27. 27. Women were expected to be submissive and hard working
  28. 28. Who were the reformers?
  29. 29. Nutting
  30. 30. Goodnow
  31. 31. Dock
  32. 32. Goodrich
  33. 33. Hampton Robb
  34. 34. Wald
  35. 35. Stewart
  36. 36. Palmer </li></ul>History of Nursing Education<br /><ul><li>What is the history of diploma nursing?
  37. 37. Oldest form – diploma nurse learned skills by taking care of pts – learned HANDS ON
  38. 38. Emphasis on skills
  39. 39. Less than 10% of all RN programs
  40. 40. What is the history of associate degree nursing?
  41. 41. First and only program developed from research and experimentation
  42. 42. Begin in 1951 grown to more than 880 programs
  43. 43. Dr. Montag’s proposal for a technical nursing curriculum at the community college level
  44. 44. The “technical nurse” working at the bedside
  45. 45. Terminal degree – meaning there is an endpoint in the program
  46. 46. What is the history of baccalaureate nursing?
  47. 47. 1889 Mercy Hospital in Chicago affiliated with Northwestern University
  48. 48. Early programs usually 5 years in length – now 4 yrs
  49. 49. What is the hx of graduate nursing education?
  50. 50. Originated during late 1800’s
  51. 51. NLN published guidelines for organization, administration, curriculum, and testing in 1957
  52. 52. Current master’s programs 398
  53. 53. (MASTERS PROGRAMS: NP’s, nurse educators, etc)</li></ul>**KNOW**<br />Who is Florence N? – Started school of nursing<br />Nurse meaning in Latin<br />Know different levels of nursing Edu.<br />The Nurse’s Role: The struggle for definitions<br /><ul><li>What do nurses do?
  54. 54. Caregiver
  55. 55. Teacher
  56. 56. Advocate – listen to pt make sure they get appropriate care
  57. 57. Managers – bc you are managing the pts care – making sure as a nurse they are getting the care they need – getting ppl who are appropriate
  58. 58. Colleague – work with nurses aide, dr. etc
  59. 59. Expert – in nursing
  60. 60. What is the traditional role of a nurse?</li></ul>What about Experts?<br /><ul><li>Academicians
  61. 61. Historians
  62. 62. Nursing educators
  63. 63. Clinicians
  64. 64. Researchers
  65. 65. Etc</li></ul>The Beginning<br /><ul><li>Nurses are caregivers
  66. 66. Nurses are teachers
  67. 67. Nurses are managers
  68. 68. Nurses are colleagues
  69. 69. Nurses are experts</li></ul>(quote)<br />CHAPTER 7<br />Nursing Education<br />Review diploma vs associate vs bachelorette etc.<br />Other types of nursing education<br /><ul><li>What are the other edu options?
  70. 70. BSN completion programs
  71. 71. Career ladder or bridge programs
  72. 72. External degree programs
  73. 73. Accelerated programs
  74. 74. Online university programs
  75. 75. What is a BSN/MSN completion program?
  76. 76. BSN
  77. 77. Baccalaureate program designed for those who have obtained a diploma or associates degrtee in nursing and hold a current RN license to practice
  78. 78. Nurse receives transfer credit in basic edu courses taken at other institutions
  79. 79. 2 years
  80. 80. What is a career ladder program
  81. 81. Focuses n articulation without loss of credit
  82. 82. Example: RN to BSN or MSN or doctoral levels
  83. 83. What is external degree program?
  84. 84. Credit for knowledge…
  85. 85. Missed
  86. 86. Accelerated
  87. 87. Offered at BSN and masters
  88. 88. Transition a person w/ undergrad degree into another disciple into nursing
  89. 89. Online
  90. 90. Courses and entire nursing programs offered completely online
  91. 91. University of Phoenix online campus
  92. 92. Masters degree as path to RN
  93. 93. Attractive to college grads
  94. 94. Some colleges offer as initial professional degree in nursing
  95. 95. Doctoral path to becoming an RN?
  96. 96. Least common
  97. 97. Currently 58 baccalaureate to doctoral nursing programs (aacn research and data center 2007)</li></ul>Graduate Education – skipped thru slides<br />Credentialing<br /><ul><li>Written document stating individuals qualifications
  98. 98. Can signify a person’s performance
  99. 99. Indicates academic achievement
  100. 100. Your nursing license is a legal credential</li></ul>Registration and Licensure<br /><ul><li>Licensure requires a minimum competency by exam
  101. 101. It is maintained by a state board of nursing
  102. 102. Foreign students are required to pass NCLEX-RN</li></ul>Certification<br />Accreditation <br />Nursing Journals and Literature<br /><ul><li>The American Journal of Nursing was first published in 1900 by the ANA and is still in publication today
  103. 103. Nursing “year” and RN are two other widely read nursing journals</li></ul>Future Trends<br /><ul><li>The changing student profile
  104. 104. Nontraditional students – making midlife career changes
  105. 105. Older, married, and with families
  106. 106. Poor, minority, and foreign students
  107. 107. Educational mobility
  108. 108. How to return nurses to school for education advancement
  109. 109. A shortage of qualified nursing faculty
  110. 110. Decreasing number of nurses becoming instructors
  111. 111. Technology and education
  112. 112. Advances in telecommunications and computer assisted instruction
  113. 113. Outreach programs
  114. 114. Changing health care settings
  115. 115. Shift from inpatient to outpatient settings
  116. 116. Focus on maintain health vs dealing with illness
  117. 117. Aging population
  118. 118. Growing
  119. 119. Eldercare
  120. 120. Emerging opportunities
  121. 121. Increased demands for RNs
  122. 122. Case manger
  123. 123. Independent consultant
  124. 124. NP
  125. 125. Policy maker
  126. 126. Entrepreneur

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