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Waste Water Treatment

Suggestions for Integrating the Living
    Machine with Campus Life


        By: Professor Lynn Po...
Sustainable Science
           Project

                  • Goals
•   Support Education
•   Save Money
•   Process Wastewa...
What is a Living Machine?
A series of interconnected man made ponds that cleans up wastewater.
Eco-engineering Practices for the Future
 Depending on its size, it can process varied amounts of wastewater
          fro...
The Value of the Wetlands
           A Living Machine is like a man made wetland


• Form Stable Communities that Process ...
Wetlands serve as nature’s own
            H20 treatment plant

•   Produces some of the purest water in the world
•   Tra...
They function as the “kidneys of the landscape”
  Complex roles in regulating water flow & purification
Future Plans for LAVC Campus?
Students could be a part of the maintenance of the living machine.


        Constructed wet...
Representative Living Machine Projects
   They have been used successfully by businesses for many years!


• YMCA Camp Sey...
A Horizontal Flow Wetland Living Machine System
   Naturally provides filtration & treatment of water for purification

  ...
Producer Chamber
Plants, Photosynthesis, Bottom of Food Chain, No Large Predators
Consumer Chamber
Flowing Water, Nutrient Consumption, Large Consumers, Aquatic Plants
Decomposer Chamber
Bio-filtration, Saturated Soil, Nutrient Conversion, Nutrient Recycling
Wetland Chamber
Natural Filtration, Bioremediation, Nutrient Rich, Biodiversity
Succession & Extinction Consumer Chamber
     Fall 2001              Fall 2004
Succession-Extinction Producer Chamber
   Spring 2001              Fall 2004
• System is 4 years old

• Chemical free

• Pest free

• Odor free
A Self-Sustaining Community
• Break down waste using
   – Microorganisms, small invertebrates & plants
   – Diverse flora ...
The microbes do most of the
  chemistry on the planet.


   They set the stage for plants &
         animals to follow.
Types of Living Machine Systems
           They vary widely in size, design & ecological capacity.



•   Vertical Flow We...
Horizontal Flow
  Using Small Interconnected Tanks
Biodiversity Provides Ecosystem Stability
Innovative Designs Include
                     An eco-park with a living machine

• Utilizes the forces of:
   –   Water ...
Water and Waste Reclamation
•   Treat Storm Water
•   Treat Waste Water
•   Showcase the Effluent
•   Provide Wildlife Hab...
Tidal Flow
                  BOD & TSS < 5mg/L   and TN <10mg/L

• Superior nitrogen removal
• Compact footprint
• Series ...
Good Water 2
                   BOD & TSS 10mg/L and TN <20mg/L
• Replicates nature more
• Biological nutrient removal
   ...
Vertical Flow
                 BOD & TSS < 20mg/L and TN <26mg/L

• No free water surface
   – Reduces risk human contact
...
Produce high quality effluent with potential for reuse.
           Agricultural (non-edible) & landscape
           Indust...
Oberlin College
 Adam Joseph Lewis Center for
    Environmental Studies

• Wastewater flow:
  – 2 underground anaerobic
  ...
Oberlin College in Ohio
Rent the Grounds for Special Occasions
The Living Lab
Combination Greenhouse, Laboratory, Classroom and Living Machine
The Living Lab
       2003 Taos County New Mexico      Series of tanks inside a greenhouse


• Promote ecological literacy...
Living Lab
        Inside a Greenhouse
• Powered by the sun-collects
   – Rainwater
      • To grow fruits & vegetables
  ...
Concept of Living Lab
        Waste of one system is food for another.
  Students are immersed in an environment that thri...
Creating a Schoolyard Wildlife Habitat
•   Support Wildlife
•   Support Native Plants
•   Provide Human Food
•   Create Be...
Providing Wildlife Habitats on Campus
              Students research an animal & design its habitat.



• Select plants t...
Outcome
• Enjoy Nature
• Support Wildlife & Humanity
• Grow food that is safe to eat
   – Pesticide free, GM free
• Servic...
Get People Out in Nature
• Student Involvement
  – Habitat Design
  – Maintenance


• Community Involvement
  –   Planting...
LAVC as a Community Leader
Energy Efficient Buildings        Effective Landscaping
                             watered by...
Teaching in an Outdoor Classroom
        Nurture a connection with nature!
Outdoor classroom coupled w/ living machine
  Once built, it lends itself toward interdisciplinary learning
• Language Art...
Students Learning to Compost & Support our Soils
                     Healthy people rarely need medicine.
     Healthy so...
Grow food w/ existing landscape
How many kinds of food are growing
       in this flower bed?
Future Plans for LAVC Campus?
  Students will be a part of the design & maintenance

       Constructed Wetland & Wildlife...
Summary
    Support Education
•   Living Lab
•   Outdoor Classroom
•   Museum
•   Interdisciplinary Uses
•   On Campus Fie...
Summary
Sustainable Agriculture       – Support our Soils

• Composting
• Grow food mixed with the
  existing landscape
• ...
Summary
               Financially Self Supporting
• Save Money
   – Reduce our water footprint
• Rent the Grounds
   – Ou...
Summary
     Community Support
       and Involvement
•   Recreation
•   Weekend Workshops
•   Tree & Plant Donations
•   ...
Summary
    Sustainable Practices
• Integrated Systems
     – Reclaim animal/human waste
     – Produce resources from was...
Final Comments
               Living Machines can process any kind of waste water.


• After building and maintaining a li...
References
• www.livingmachines.com
   – dharma Living Systems
• Biology, the Environment and
  You, by Polasek
   – Pears...
• How Schoolyard Habitats Serve
  as Powerful Learning Tools
   – www.nwf.org/schoolyardhabitats/

• National Wildlife Fed...
Living Machine for Bug Committee
Living Machine for Bug Committee
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Living Machine for Bug Committee

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Lynn Polasek shares her presentation about living machines and potential applications at Los Angeles Valley College.

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Transcript of "Living Machine for Bug Committee"

  1. 1. Waste Water Treatment Suggestions for Integrating the Living Machine with Campus Life By: Professor Lynn Polasek Biology Department LAVC
  2. 2. Sustainable Science Project • Goals • Support Education • Save Money • Process Wastewater Safely & Reliably • Beautify the Campus • Role Model Sustainable Practices
  3. 3. What is a Living Machine? A series of interconnected man made ponds that cleans up wastewater.
  4. 4. Eco-engineering Practices for the Future Depending on its size, it can process varied amounts of wastewater from 300 gallons/day to 750,000 gallons/day The Processed Wastewater Meets Tertiary Standards Biolochemical Oxygen Demand 10-20mg/L Total Suspended Solids 10-20mg/L Total Nitrogen 10-26mg/L
  5. 5. The Value of the Wetlands A Living Machine is like a man made wetland • Form Stable Communities that Process Waste – Linked via biological processes • How one living species effects another – Linked via chemical processes • Photosynthesis • Respiration • Biogeochemical Cycles – carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous cycles – Linked via physical processes • Climate, water availability, gravity
  6. 6. Wetlands serve as nature’s own H20 treatment plant • Produces some of the purest water in the world • Trapping sediment • Absorbing, diluting & degrading toxic pollutants • Performing biogeochemical cycles • Acting as a natural filtration system • Can even process human sewage and animal waste
  7. 7. They function as the “kidneys of the landscape” Complex roles in regulating water flow & purification
  8. 8. Future Plans for LAVC Campus? Students could be a part of the maintenance of the living machine. Constructed wetland/wildlife habitat functions as an outdoor classroom & living lab
  9. 9. Representative Living Machine Projects They have been used successfully by businesses for many years! • YMCA Camp Seymor, WA • 10,000gal/day sewage/reuse – 2002 • Smugglers Notch Resort, VT • 40,000gal/day sewage – 1999 • Darrow School, NY • 8,600 gal/day sewage – 1998 • Noorder Diereupark Zoo • 220,000gal/day sewage/reuse – 2001 Emmen, Netherlands
  10. 10. A Horizontal Flow Wetland Living Machine System Naturally provides filtration & treatment of water for purification Built Spring 2001 by Lynn Polasek • It works due to the interrelationships of: – Microbes – Plants – Animals – Sunshine
  11. 11. Producer Chamber Plants, Photosynthesis, Bottom of Food Chain, No Large Predators
  12. 12. Consumer Chamber Flowing Water, Nutrient Consumption, Large Consumers, Aquatic Plants
  13. 13. Decomposer Chamber Bio-filtration, Saturated Soil, Nutrient Conversion, Nutrient Recycling
  14. 14. Wetland Chamber Natural Filtration, Bioremediation, Nutrient Rich, Biodiversity
  15. 15. Succession & Extinction Consumer Chamber Fall 2001 Fall 2004
  16. 16. Succession-Extinction Producer Chamber Spring 2001 Fall 2004
  17. 17. • System is 4 years old • Chemical free • Pest free • Odor free
  18. 18. A Self-Sustaining Community • Break down waste using – Microorganisms, small invertebrates & plants – Diverse flora & fauna populations in a series of environments • Recycle essential molecules in process that is – Stable – Robust – Consistent – Reusable • Build new life – Together aerobic & anaerobic organisms will provide a broad range of biochemical processes that are necessary for a self- sustaining community.
  19. 19. The microbes do most of the chemistry on the planet. They set the stage for plants & animals to follow.
  20. 20. Types of Living Machine Systems They vary widely in size, design & ecological capacity. • Vertical Flow Wetland Living Machine System • Tidal Flow Wetland Living Machine System • Good Water 2 Living Machine System • Horizontal Flow Wetland Living Machine System
  21. 21. Horizontal Flow Using Small Interconnected Tanks Biodiversity Provides Ecosystem Stability
  22. 22. Innovative Designs Include An eco-park with a living machine • Utilizes the forces of: – Water Flow – Collection – Catchment – Water Treatment – Water Re-use • Ecological Capacity – Create more eco-capacity to the area than before
  23. 23. Water and Waste Reclamation • Treat Storm Water • Treat Waste Water • Showcase the Effluent • Provide Wildlife Habitats • Restore Ecological Balance – Geology – Topography – Hydrology – Soils – Biotic Communities – Human Goals
  24. 24. Tidal Flow BOD & TSS < 5mg/L and TN <10mg/L • Superior nitrogen removal • Compact footprint • Series of 4-6 tidal flow cells – Periodically flood/drain • Achieve tertiary standards • No mechanical aeration • No clarifier • Bio-solids digested in place • Computer controlled • Plant friendly • Odor free
  25. 25. Good Water 2 BOD & TSS 10mg/L and TN <20mg/L • Replicates nature more • Biological nutrient removal – Plant roots grow on racks – Biofilms grow on roots – Biosolids retained on roots – Invertebrates thrive on biofilms & biosolids • 4-6 aerated tanks – No clarifier – Ends with vertical flow • No free water surface
  26. 26. Vertical Flow BOD & TSS < 20mg/L and TN <26mg/L • No free water surface – Reduces risk human contact – Reduced mosquito breeding • Compact • Viewing/sampling sumps – Different parts of system • Re-circulating gravel filter • 3 Tanks – Planted wetland cell – Filter septic tank – Re-circulation tank
  27. 27. Produce high quality effluent with potential for reuse. Agricultural (non-edible) & landscape Industrial activities: cooling & process needs Ground water recharge Recreational/environmental use Parks & wildlife habitats Non-potable urban uses: Toilet flushing, construction Stable operation. Aesthetic appeal.
  28. 28. Oberlin College Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies • Wastewater flow: – 2 underground anaerobic reactors – 2 covered aerobic reactors – Indoor series of reactors • Hosts aquatic plants/orgs. – Clarifier • Biosolids recycled/removed – Constructed Wetland – Effluent disinfected w/ UV system
  29. 29. Oberlin College in Ohio
  30. 30. Rent the Grounds for Special Occasions
  31. 31. The Living Lab Combination Greenhouse, Laboratory, Classroom and Living Machine
  32. 32. The Living Lab 2003 Taos County New Mexico Series of tanks inside a greenhouse • Promote ecological literacy • Students learn how to: – Elementary schools – Harness waste & promote – Middle schools beneficial relationships to provide clean water, food – High schools and shelter. – General public • Living Classroom – Hands on lessons • Ecology • Agriculture • Aquaculture • Engineering • Environmental Restoration
  33. 33. Living Lab Inside a Greenhouse • Powered by the sun-collects – Rainwater • To grow fruits & vegetables – Storm Water • To process in living machine • Study relationships – Bacteria, algae, protozoa, plants, animals – Digest organic compounds in waste water • Produces – Clean water, food, building materials
  34. 34. Concept of Living Lab Waste of one system is food for another. Students are immersed in an environment that thrives! There is no such thing as waste in nature!
  35. 35. Creating a Schoolyard Wildlife Habitat • Support Wildlife • Support Native Plants • Provide Human Food • Create Beauty & Comfort • Xeriscape • Protective Landscaping – Decrease utility bills • Create an insectary – Attract/support/breed beneficial insects that kill pests
  36. 36. Providing Wildlife Habitats on Campus Students research an animal & design its habitat. • Select plants that provide – Food – Hiding Places – Breeding Places • Provide a Water Source
  37. 37. Outcome • Enjoy Nature • Support Wildlife & Humanity • Grow food that is safe to eat – Pesticide free, GM free • Service Neighborhood – With beneficial insects & birds • Eat mosquitoes, aphids etc. • Decrease Utility Bills – Reduces associated pollution – Deciduous Trees • Can protect a building – Shade in summer-Sun in winter • Canopy of treetops – Animal freeway, for avoiding cars – Safety from some predators
  38. 38. Get People Out in Nature • Student Involvement – Habitat Design – Maintenance • Community Involvement – Planting – Recreation – Guided Nature Walks – Girl Scouts & Boy Scouts • Earn badges planting wildflowers – Donations – Virtual Tours • Teaching others via the internet
  39. 39. LAVC as a Community Leader Energy Efficient Buildings Effective Landscaping watered by a living machine
  40. 40. Teaching in an Outdoor Classroom Nurture a connection with nature!
  41. 41. Outdoor classroom coupled w/ living machine Once built, it lends itself toward interdisciplinary learning • Language Arts – News letters/fundraising/invitations • Media Arts – Outdoor plays • Biology – Campus field trips – Life cycles, native plants/animal studies • Math – Rates of filtration, cost savings, population counts, growth rates • Music – Record sounds of nature • Social Studies – Research past land use • Art – Draw/paint/photograph nature
  42. 42. Students Learning to Compost & Support our Soils Healthy people rarely need medicine. Healthy soil rarely needs synthetic chemical pesticides & fertilizers.
  43. 43. Grow food w/ existing landscape
  44. 44. How many kinds of food are growing in this flower bed?
  45. 45. Future Plans for LAVC Campus? Students will be a part of the design & maintenance Constructed Wetland & Wildlife Habitat Outdoor Classroom Living Lab
  46. 46. Summary Support Education • Living Lab • Outdoor Classroom • Museum • Interdisciplinary Uses • On Campus Field Trips • Community Nature Walks • Energy Efficiency • Supporting Wildlife • Role Model for Community – Weekend Workshops
  47. 47. Summary Sustainable Agriculture – Support our Soils • Composting • Grow food mixed with the existing landscape • Buy food locally • Pesticide free food • GM free food • Crop rotation • Use microbial bi-products for natural fertilizer
  48. 48. Summary Financially Self Supporting • Save Money – Reduce our water footprint • Rent the Grounds – Outdoor stage community events – Picnic area – Special Ceremonies • Weddings, festivals etc. • Become Certified for Wildlife – Harbor endangered species • Monarch Butterfly – Pollinates our food • Red legged frog – Obtain Grants
  49. 49. Summary Community Support and Involvement • Recreation • Weekend Workshops • Tree & Plant Donations • Scouts Earn Badges • HS Projects for College Credit • Hold Events by Living Machine – Families walk by points of interest – Good advertising – Post informational signs
  50. 50. Summary Sustainable Practices • Integrated Systems – Reclaim animal/human waste – Produce resources from waste – Create beauty & comfort • Conserve/Reclaim Water • Xeriscape with Native Plants • Provide Wildlife Habitats • Foster Biodiversity • Grow Food • Insectary – Service the neighborhood • Human Appreciation of Nature
  51. 51. Final Comments Living Machines can process any kind of waste water. • After building and maintaining a living machine for 6 years I can say that with a balanced ecology: – It smells good – It always looks beautiful & supports wildlife – It needs a constant water source to process – It is basically self supporting and requires minimal maintenance • Occasional weeding • Occasional cleaning of the pipe system from algae growth – Like a roto-rooter clean out – It’s not a problem if periodic clean out traps are placed along the pipes
  52. 52. References • www.livingmachines.com – dharma Living Systems • Biology, the Environment and You, by Polasek – Pearson Custom • Living Lab Project – DLSinc.com – (505)751-9481 • Ocean Arks International (Living Machine) – Ecological Solutions for the 21st Century – www.oceanarks.org – marcc@together.net
  53. 53. • How Schoolyard Habitats Serve as Powerful Learning Tools – www.nwf.org/schoolyardhabitats/ • National Wildlife Federation – www.nwf.org • The Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies – Oberlin College – www.oberlin.edu/newserv/esc • www.worldwildlife.com • The Earth Box – 469 2nd Avenue North – St. Petersburg, Florida 33701 – 1(800) 821-8838
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