Second Language AcquisitionBy : Kristin EarleyRebekah HaleSarah CollinsSamanda F. F de Adams
What is Second Language Acquisition? Second language acquisition (SLA) isthe process of learning other languagesin addition to the native language. For example, a child who speaksPortuguese as the mother tongue startslearning English when he starts goingto school or is exposed to this newlanguage; thus, English is learned bythe process of second languageacquisition. In fact, a young child can learn asecond language faster than an adultcan learn the same language but thisdoes not mean that as adults we cannotlearn a second language, just this willtake lots of practice.Education.com & Bright hub educationRachel. ratings
Importance of Second Language Acquisition Respect for other ethnic groups Teachesunderstanding, tolerance, andpatience Improves abilities inmathematics, writing, & reading New ways to see the world To understand the background oftheir students Opens job opportunitiesBicultural Mama
Application to 21st Century Education The world is changing faster that wecan imagine. Thus, as educators, intoday’s world, we need to provideclear examples of learning in theclassroom. We need to have assignments thatactually allow the learner to see theirprogress – bringing chips and salsa isnot the way to teach Spanish. We need to actually get theminvolved.Global-Trends-in-Language-Learning-in-the-21st-CenturyIn the Jonatan Academy its not teachers, butchildren who create educational movies
Application to 21st Century EducationCont.How to do that? Let our students demonstrate their skills creating their own electronic portfolio.Students made videos, student blogs, Wikis and podcasts, etc. All of it is in.Thus, using technology will be to demonstrate students learning in order toshow how they themselves reflect upon the impact language learning has hadon them. And they can share their projects with others through technologyshowing their work using this to create their own projects. There are technologies that facilitate student learning. These technologies maybe synchronous (done in real time), such as Skype, Moodle or virtual liveclasses. Mobile technology for learning . It’s called ―MALL‖ (mobile assisted languagelearning) and it is quickly gaining as much buzz today as ―CALL‖ (computer-assisted language learning) created in the 1980s and 90s (Chinnery, 2006;Collins, 2005; Kukulska-Hulme & Shield, 2007, 2008).Global-Trends-in-Language-Learning-in-the-21st-Century
Example of its Application We can organize a weekly meeting whereour students can interact with other studentsfrom around the world using Skype. Forthis example we will have a Skypeconversation with students from QuitoEcuador that has the same age of ourstudents and speak Spanish . First of all, we assign our students to writeabout a specific topic in Spanish. Theycould write about their city where theylive, food, tourist attractions, holidays, etc.Then, we can check their writingassignment and ask for revision andpractice at home; thus when the meet thestudents by Skype they can talk about thetopic with the Ecuadorians studentsspeaking, of course, Spanish.
Role of Technology Language learners become moreengaged in computer-mediated contactwith others.For example, in chat rooms where writingbecomes speaking—tend to produce morelanguage than in face-to-face discussions. In addition, participation appears to beequalized across learner populations;that is, the discussion is not dominatedby a small number of students, asoften occurs in the regular classroom.This may be due to the reduction of socialcontext clues and nonverbal clues that tendto inhibit participation. There is also a greater ratio of studenttalk to teacher talk.Source: CAL.org:digestHigh Language School
Role of Technology Cont. Language learners report a positive attitude toward computer useoverall when engaged in language learning tasks. Use of email for interaction, for example, appears to reduce anxietyand increase motivation. Indeed, nearly all studies in the literaturereviews report positive student attitudes as defined by lower anxietylevels, higher interest, and greater student participation. In particular, learners express a preference for tasks that promotesocial interaction between and among native speakers and nonnativespeakers.
Work Cited Eaton, S.E. (2010). Global Trends in Language Learning in the Twenty-first Century.Calgary: Onate Press.http://www.cal.org/resources/digest/0311leloup.html Leloup, Jean W., Ponteiro, Robert. Cortland, Sunny.(2003.) Second LanguageAcquisition and Technology: A Review of the Research: Center for Applying linguistichttp://www.cal.org/resources/digest/0311leloup.html Singhal, Vandana.(2012). Defining Second Language Acquisition. Bright HubEducation.http://www.brighthubeducation.com/language-learning-tips/70729-defining-second-language-acquisition/ Second Language Acquisition. (1997-2013).American Speech-Language-HearingAssociation. http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/second/
Work CitedPictures: Bicultural Mama.http://www.biculturalmama.com/2012/02/learning-second-language-why-its-easier.html Hi-Language School.http://www.hi-language.com/content/classroom-management-first-technology-second Microsoft Partners in Learning.http://www.pil-network.com/Resources/LearningActivities/Details/23e85f7d-5397-45e1-b09a-83a4e81bc465 Rachel’s Ratings. http://rachelsrantings.com/?p=2777