Wh teachback ch10
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Wh teachback ch10 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Rebecca Gannon
  • 2. Safer sex = steps you can take before and during sexual activity that are known to reduce the risk of STI’s (sexually transmitted infections)  Can reduce/eliminate exposure to STI’s *although it is never guaranteed 100%*  Having 1 untreated STI makes you more vulnerable to catching another & make symptoms more painful  Some STI’s are only caused by contact with skin that isn’t covered by a condom, only way to prevent risk is to use condoms consistently & correctly
  • 3.  More than 2 dozen bacterial, viral & parasitic infections transmitted through sexual activity  19 million new STI infections in the US each year, half of the cases occupying people aged 15-24  1 in every 4 women ages 14-19 is estimated to be infected with one or more common STIs (HPV, chlamydia, herpes, trichomoniasis)
  • 4. That are NOT true! “You can tell by looking if someone has an STI”  “Being sexually exclusive with one partner will keep me safe”  “If he pulls out before he comes, I can’t get infected” “My birth control will protect me”  “Lesbians don’t get STI’s”  “I am too young/old to get one”  “They happen to other people, not me”  “We’ve already had sex, no point using protection”  “We shower before, so we wont spread anything” “We haven’t gone all the way, so were not at risk” 
  • 5. Sexual Activity (Most-Least Likely) Tools for Safer Sex High Risk Receiving end of anal intercourse Male/female condom, lubricant Vaginal Intercourse Male/female condom, lubricant Medium Risk Oral sex on a man Male condom, lubricant Oral sex on a woman Dental dam or other barrier, lubricant Rimming (licking anus) Female condom, dental dam, plastic wrap Lower Risk Sex toys Soap & water, condoms Manual sex play/finger play Soap & water, latex gloves Water sports (urination) Soap & water
  • 6. Male Condoms- used during intercourse of any type & oral sex, most accessible and best known barrier. Highly effective in preventing STIs (except those made from lambskin condoms)  Female Condoms- called the FC2, inserted and can be used for regular, anal, and oral sex on a woman.  Dental Dams- for mouth to body contact, rubber sheets that are small & thick and sometimes flavored. Sheer Glyde* is a common type & recommended. Can also turn a latex glove into a barrier. *Approved by the FDA for safer sex 
  • 7.  Condoms protect against HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia. Some protection against HSV, HPV.  Check expiration date, store it in a cool place, put it on before any interaction occurs, use a new one every time, is possible to be allergic and there are alternatives.  Lubricants help prevent breaking of condom and tears in the actual vagina/rectum. Use water soluble products, not oil based.
  • 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Bring Your Own Condom BYOC Role playing safer sex convo with friends Create basic limits/boundaries around sex in advance Avoid getting under the influence beforehand Make safer sex PART of your sex life Don’t rush into higher-risk activities Chose partners your comfortable with and will not put all the responsibility on you Work towards being about to talk about it Seek help of therapist if you’ve had sexual or any abuse Don’t feel bad if you are finding this difficult to do
  • 9. Asking your partner- not always easy and need to find the right time & feel comfortable!  Drug/alcohol use- being intoxicated can impair judgment and weaken resolve to use protection, becomes less likely to have safe sex while under influence of any sort.  Lack of information- when info on STIs and pregnancy is not at hand, it is more common to occur. Health care providers, family planning clinics and much more can provide any and all info  Cost/Access- Planned Parenthood and other resources that are around are free if you put the effort and time to call. 
  • 10.  STI education programs work IF they are supported  School programs that make condoms available report fewer students having intercourse and higher level of safe sex  Accurate sex info and vaccinations against STIs do not increase sexual activity among young adults.  Need to keep developing and providing culturally relevant education, especially in low-income areas and the young women* (highest risk)
  • 11.  Attitudes about sex are shaped by the community, economic status & experiences throughout life  Cultural awareness & factual knowledge is necessary in success of programs
  • 12. Its age & culture appropriate, and in a safe environment  Cooperates with members of target community  Assists young people to clarify their values  Provide medically accurate information  Include goals for preventing STIs  Focus on health benefits related to goals, etc.  Respect community values/needs  Participatory teaching methods, implemented by educators 
  • 13. “As someone who’s received good sexual education from a young age, I’ve always thought of STIs as just part of the picture, if you're ever going to have casual hookups. That is to say, I don’t get freaked out by folks who have STIs; I expect people in my community (including potential lovers) to have experiences with them, and the best thing I see to do is to keep myself educated and to continue to have open conversations about how to stay safe”  This quote jumped out at me in a good way. It shows the benefits of good education and promotion of safe sex.
  • 14.  Have you gotten information regarding safe sex and STIs have you gotten from education/community programs? If so, what? And if not, what do you think you should have learned?