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History of the music press

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  • 1. History of the Music Press in the UK.
  • 2. What Was The Music Press
    • The music press was music journalism which contained criticism and reportage about music.
    • It began in the 18th centaury and commented on what is now called ‘Classical music’.
    • Today it is often referred to as music criticism. It comprises the study, discussion, evaluation and interpretation of music and its performance.
    • It was expressed in journals such as Neue Zeitschrift but today it is continued in serious newspapers such as The Musical Times.
    • Now a days, a major branch of this type of journalism has an aspect of entertainment journalism, which covers popular music and contains profiles about the artists or album reviews.
    • However, online music bloggs, new technology and music channels are displacing newspaper and magazine based critics.
  • 3. How Has Music Changed
    • During the 60s and 70s new genres began to appear in the music industry which created competition for the existing genres. These new genres helped to influence music magazines, as they were based around the new genres.
    • In the 2000s even newer genres started to come onto the market such as rap. This unconventional music allowed Youth Subcultures to have a more eclectic taste.
  • 4. Smash Hits.
    • It was a teen glossy fortnightly magazine.
    • It began in 1978 and is an important contributor to the development of the music press as it brought a new mode of address to go alongside music coverage.
    • It was designed to be genre-specific but it emphasised the pop genre.
    • It was the first publication that was aimed at the teen market.
  • 5. Kerrang.
    • This magazine arrived in 1981 and it was a genre-specific teen magazine.
    • Kerrang is a magazine which has evolved from the Smash Hits template.
    • It is more music orientated and its mode of address is less flippant.
  • 6. Metal Hammer.
    • A monthly magazine.
    • It is the metal counterpart of Kerrang.
    • It includes mainstream bands and unusual acts.
    • Thought of as a more underground magazine
    It is currently the largest selling metal magazine.
  • 7. Mixmag.
    • This was a genre-specific magazine, which covered dance/clubbing music.
    • It styles itself as the world’s biggest dance magazine.
    • It covers dance events and reviews on music and night clubs.
  • 8. The Face.
    • It was launched in 1980 by Nick Logan who was a writer for NME and editor at Smash Hits.
    • It was a new style of music publication. It had a full-colour glossy stylish format. It took Smash Hits original aesthetically pleasing colourful layout and turned it into a monthly magazine that had more content.
    • This magazine was aimed at the post-youth market who was embracing music and had accompanying relationships with fashion and lifestyle.
    • It had a heavy image layout which included detailed articles alongside musicians and celebrities, fashion shoots and advertising.
  • 9. Q Magazine
    • Introduced in 1986.
    • It was different from the other music press as it had higher standards in photography and printing.
    • When it started it was based around the new genres.