Also known as “Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act”
Under this bill any alien not carrying their registered documents enforced under law will be charged with a misdemeanor.
Allows law enforcement, with reasonable suspicion, to pick up and detain people for verification of their immigrant status
People determined illegal will be sent to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) for further inspection
It is proposed to become state law in August 2010.
Parts continued ….
It allows police to determine illegality based on a “reasonable suspicion”
It allows citizens to sue local government agencies if they believe federal immigration laws are not being enforced
In some countries like France police can ask for documents in public places, but Arizona will be the first state that will require immigrants to carry official federal documents stating their status of legality.
This kind of immigration law enforcement is normally left to federal authorities but with this bill local cops will have to act as immigration agents
Some of these behind the proposal of the bill are :
Arizona's status as the fastest growing illegal immigrant population
Drug smuggling and drug related killings
The killing of police officers by illegal immigrants
The murder of a rancher by an illegal drug smuggler.
Phoenix becoming the center for human trafficking with kidnapping rates higher than cities in Mexico.
This new addition to the Arizona bill will require that police only investigate into the citizenship status of an individual if there is, "lawful stop, detention, or arrest.“
It also lowers the fine charged to the individual and minimizes their incarceration time.
These modifications to the strict bill were created in order to limit the arrests as a result of discrimination.
However, as Obama stated there will still be possibilities of harassment as a result of the enforcement of the bill.
Issues with the Bill
Control illegal immigration
Prevents drug and human trafficking
It is the hardest immigration law in the country in the state where the most illegal immigrants come in
Bad for small business
Promotes racial profiling and police misconduct
Violates civil rights
No criteria for cops to determine illegality
Violates federal law
Increase civil rights lawsuits
Hispanic students, in fear of bill, are dropping out of school.
Arizona Governor Jan Brewer stated that racial profiling would not be tolerated in reference to SB 1070, adding, “We have to trust our law enforcement.”
Racial profiling refers to the "use by law enforcement personnel of an individual’s race or ethnicity as a factor in articulating reasonable suspicion to stop, question or arrest an individual, unless race or ethnicity is part of an identifying description of a specific suspect for a specific crime.”
Many opponents of the bill use racial profiling as their main reason behind opposing its passage.
How It Relates to the Past
Cardinal Roger M. Mahony of Los Angeles said the authorities’ ability to demand documents was like “Nazism.”
With the AZ senate bill, it is illegal to “conceal, harbor or shield or attempt to conceal, harbor or shield an alien from detection in any place in this state ... if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien has come to, has entered or remains in the United States in violation of the law.” This can be compared to the Holocaust when Germans who did not believe in Hitler’s plan would hide Jews, which was an illegal action at the time.
In Arizona, it is not required to carry a license, but with SB 1070, Arizona citizens have to in order to avoid being picked up and held for hours at a time, which is like in the Holocaust how people had to wear identification patches or they would get picked up and examined so authorities could “determine” their race/status/ethnicity.
Before the genocide in Rwanda, the Belgians issued identification cards based on what tribe a citizen was from—Tutsi or Hutu—to determine if they legally belonged to either tribe. In SB 1070, citizens are required to carry identification at all times to avoid being picked up.
8 stages of Genocide
1. Classification—categories of ethnicity, religion, race, or nationality exist in all cultures (e.g. German and Jew)
2. Symbolization—names and other symbols are given to the classifications (e.g. people named “Gypsies,” distinguished by dress)
3. Dehumanization—one group thinks of the other group as inhuman
4. Organization—organization of genocide takes place (mainly by the state—sends militias)
5. Polarization—the groups are driven further apart through the use of propaganda, laws, terrorism, etc.
6. Preparation—one group is identified then separated from the rest of the population
7. Extermination—the problem escalates into full-fledged genocide
8. Denial—those to blame try to cover up the evidence
This bill will require legal immigrants to carry proof of their status.
During the holocausts occurring in Nazi Germany Jew’s were being forced to have a yellow star on them at all times in order to identify them. With the Arizona immigration bill Arizona citizens will be forced to carry around registered documents of their citizenship at all times.
This will instill fear into the millions of Hispanic immigrants that predominantly live in Arizona, many of whom are already protesting the bill.
Comparing Arizona to New Mexico May 12, 2010
Against the bill
Most Democrats (President Obama sees the policy as "misguided" and called on the Justice Department to look at its civil rights implications)
According to New York Times “Opponents have called it an open invitation for harassment and discrimination against Hispanics regardless of their citizenship status.
Who supports the bill
Republicans (political expedience and a possible election win if it passes)
Senator John McCain
Tea party movement
Proponents state that “help bring law and order to a state where the federal government allows illegal immigration to run amok.
Impact on Florida
Florida is known as having the 3 rd highest undocumented population.
Many of these illegal immigrants arrive from the Caribbean.
Therefore, Florida’s top legislature on criminal justice wants to put in place, a bill similar to the Arizona bill in order to halt illegal immigration in Florida.
According to Sun Sentinel 58 percent — of Floridians support the Arizona bill.
Republican Candidate Rick Scott wants to bring this law into Florida legislature.
Republican Party's candidate for governor, Florida Attorney General Bill McCollum is throwing his support behind the bill.
Relation to the USA PATRIOT Act
The act is said to have passed too fast—Congressman Jim McDermott confessed no senator read the bill
The act is said to have exploited the high emotions of 9/11 to get passed
Like SB 1070, it allows searches based on criteria that could be exploited by racists and others with ill intentions
Under both, it is illegal to “harbor or conceal” people of questionable backgrounds