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China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
China Past Questions
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China Past Questions

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all past questions excluding 2009

all past questions excluding 2009

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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  • 1. China past questions I have split them into sections, so enjoy!
  • 2. How long should my answers be?
    • 3 mark questions should be about a paragraph
    • 5 mark questions should be about a ½ of a page
    • 7 mark questions should be about ¾ of a page
    • 10 mark questions should be about a side
    • 15 mark questions about a side and ½. (Of average handwriting!)
  • 3. What questions are there?
    • Each double page spread has:
    • On the left hand-side the short answer questions: 3 marks, 2x 5 mark questions and a 7 mark question
    • On the right hand side: 1x 10 mark question and 1x15 mark question
    • If in doubt use the ‘big mark questions’ to base your choice on.
    • One side of the paper tends to be on pre 1949 and the other post 1949.
  • 4. Before the formation of the CCP
    • In what ways was China weakened in the years 1911-18?(5)
    • Give 1 reason to explain why the people were unhappy with the crowning of Yuan as emperor in 1916. (3)
    • Describe the key features of life under the warlords (5)
    • Describe the key features of life under the warlords (10)
    • Why was there unrest in China in the years 1911-1919? (10)
    • Why was there unrest in China under the warlords in the years 1916-27? (5)
    • What is meant by the term ‘warlord’? (3) has appeared twice
    • Describe the key features of life under the warlords. (5)
    • Why did the warlords become important in China after 1916? (5)
  • 5. Chiang Kai-Shek / GMD
    • What was meant by the ‘Three Principles of the People’? (3) Has appeared three times.
    • Give 1 reason to explain why Yuan Shi-Kai was able to become president in 1912. (3) has appeared twice
    • Why was Chiang able to secure control over China in the years 1926-35?
    • In what ways did the GMD secure control over China in the years 1928-35 (5)
    • In what ways did the GMD try to secure control over China 1921-37? (15)
    • Why did Chiang try to destroy the CCP in the years 1927-34? (7) has appeared twice
    • Give one reason to explain why the Shanghai Massacre took place in 1927 (3)
    • Explain what is meant by the term ‘Shanghai Massacre’. (3)
    • Why did the GMD fail to win the support of many Chinese people in the years 1934-45?(5) has appeared twice
  • 6. May 4 th and beginnings of the CCP
    • Why was the CCP able to win support in the 1920’s? (5) has appeared twice.
    • Describe the key features of the May 4 th Movement (5) has appeared three times
    • Why was the CCP formed in 1921? (5) has appeared twice
    • Why did the May 4 th Movement begin in 1919? (5) has appeared twice.
    • In what ways did the Soviet government support the GMD and CCP in the 1920s?(7)
    • Describe the Key features of life in China in the years 1911-27. You may use the following to help: Warlords; the role of Sun; growth if the CCP; tactics of the GMD. (15)
    • Why was there unrest in China after the death of Yuan (1916) to the Northern Expedition (1927)? (10)
    • Why did the May 4 th Movement (1919) begin? (5)
    • Describe the key features of the development of the CCP in the years 1921-27. (7) has appeared twice
    • Describe the key features of the development of the CCP in the years 1921-34. (10)
    • In what ways did support for the CCP increase in the years 1921-35? (10)
  • 7. United Front and Northern Expedition
    • Give one reason to explain why there was co-operation between the CCP and GMD in the early 1920s (3)
    • Why did the United front of the GMD and the CCP end in 1927? (7)
    • What is meant by the term ‘Northern Expedition’? (3)
    • Why did Chiang and the GMD attack the CCP in the years 1927-1934? (5)
  • 8. Long March and growth in support
    • Describe the methods used by Mao and the Communist Party during the Long March to try to win the support of the peasants (10)
    • Describe the key features of the Long March (5) has appeared twice
    • In what ways did support for the CCP increase in the years 1921-35? (10)
    • Why was the CCP able to survive the attacks of the GMD in the years to 1935? (5)
    • What were the effects of Chiang’s attacks on the CCP 1927-34? (5)
    • Describe the key features of the development of the CCP from the end of the Long March to the end of the 2 nd World War. (7)
  • 9. Defeat of the Japanese/GMD
    • Why was the CCP able to defeat its enemies in the years 1941-9? (15)
    • Why did the GMD lose the support of many Chinese during the war against Japan 1937-45? (5)
    • Why did the CCP secure control over China in the years 1945-49? (7)
    • Why were Mao and the CCP able to gain control of China in the years 1937-49? (15)
    • Why was the CCP able to defeat the GMD in the civil war of 1945-49? (7) has appeared twice
    • Why was the CCP able to defeat the GMD in the civil war of 1945-49? (10)
    • Why did the CCP win the support of many peasants in the years 1934-45? (10)
    • Why did the CCP suffer setbacks in the years 1927-34? (7)
    • In what ways did support for the CCP change in the years from the Northern Expedition to its victory in the civil war in 1949? You may use the following to help: 1927 shanghai Massacre; War against the GMD. (15)
    • Why was the CCP able to secure control over China in the years 1934-49? You may use the following to help: 1934-5 Long March; War against Japan; The leadership of Mao; War against the GMD. (15)
  • 10. Changes that the CCP made to life in the ‘early years’
    • In what ways did life in China change in the years 1949-59? You many use the following to help: organisation of agriculture/organisation of industry/education/role of women. (15)
    • What is meant by the term ‘Five-Year Plan’? (3)
    • Why did Mao introduce the ‘Hundred Flowers’ Campaign? (5)
    • Give one reason to explain why the first Five Year Plan was introduced. (3)
    • In what ways did the role of women change after 1949? (5)
    • Why did Mao experience some failures in his industrial policies in the 1950s? (7)
    • Describe the key features of Mao’s collectivisation policy of the 1950’s. (5)
    • Why did Mao introduce the policy of collectivisation? (5)
    • Explain what is meant by collectivisation (3)
  • 11. Ctd..
    • Why were many landlords killed after the CCP came to power? (5)
    • Why did Mao introduce the ‘Peoples’ Courts’? (3)
    • Describe the key features of the ‘Hundred Flowers’ campaign (5)
    • Choose 2 items from: Education/The role of women/Propaganda; and explain why they were important in the development of China in the years 1949-66. (10)
    • Describe the changing role of women after 1949. (10)
    • What was meant by ‘Let a hundred flowers bloom’(3)
    • Why did Mao end the ‘Hundred Flowers’ campaign? (5)
    • In what ways did Mao secure his control over China in the early 1950’s? (10)
    • In what ways did Mao maintain control over the people of China in the 1950’s and early 1960’s? (Education /propaganda / Use of the Red Army/ Land reform) (15)
  • 12. Past Questions on Agricultural and Industrial Reforms
    • Why were many of Mao’s reforms in the 1950’s and 1960’s unsuccessful? (15)
    • Why were many of Mao’s agricultural and industrial reforms in the19 50’s and 1960’s unsuccessful? (15)
    • In what ways did Mao try to modernise agriculture and industry in the 1950’s and 1960’s? (15) –This has appeared twice
    • Why were many of Mao’s industrial policies unsuccessful in the 1950’s and 1960’s? (10)
    • In what ways did Mao change the organisation of agriculture and industry 1949-1959? (15)
    • Why did Mao experience some failures in his industrial policies in the 1950’s (7)
    • Why did Mao experience failures in his agricultural and industrial policies in the 1950s and 1960s? (15)
    • In what ways did Mao try to change agriculture and industry in the years 1949-1961?
    • In what ways were Mao’s agricultural and industrial policies unsuccessful from 1949 to the beginning of the Cultural Revolution in 1966?
  • 13. Cultural Revolution
    • What were the effects of the Cultural Revolution on the people of China? (5)
    • In what ways did the Cultural Revolution affect the position of Mao Zedong? (7)
    • Describe the effects of the Cultural Revolution on China in the years to 1976. (15)
    • What is meant by ‘red guard’? (3)
    • Why was the Cultural revolution introduced? (6)
    • What were the effects of the Cultural Revolution on the people of China in the years to 1976? (7)
    • Describe the key features of life in China during the Cultural Revolution (7)
    • Why did Mao introduce the Cultural Revolution? (7) has appeared twice
    • Why did Mao introduce the Cultural Revolution? (15)
    • Why did Mao introduce the Cultural Revolution? (10) (has appeared three times)
    • Why did the Cultural Revolution change life for the citizens of China in the years to 1976? (10)

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