Does place matter? Connecting community       to your (teen) health       Beatrice Motamedi       Adviser, The Urban Schoo...
background and (brief!) bio       • reporter, writer, editor; 12 years with WebMD, Health, Parenting, Hippocrates,        ...
Growing up in Oakland: the long arm of          childhood                Three-part series published in the Oakland Tribun...
The series: the goals       • Stay in place — focus on         Castlemont campus (3 schools)       • Spend time — one full...
DEAL OF THE DAY                                              TIMEOUT                                                      ...
DEAL OF THE DAY                                                   SPORTS: NBA FINALS                                      ...
DEAL OF THE DAY                                                    BUSINESS                                               ...
Doing your own story ... three essential questions       • Does a person’s health depend on access to healthcare, or lifes...
Which of these places is healthier?Thursday, October 13, 11
Castlemont, then: East          Oakland High School, 1927    Photo in Oakland Tribune archives; also online at the Oakland...
• no government-sponsored health care; no welfare or food stamps       • no school nurses, no health classes, no peer ed  ...
And now: Castlemont campus          of small schools, 2011                                   Photo by Jane Tyska/         ...
“Killside” Street, one block   photo by Beatrice Motamedi                      west of CastlemontThursday, October 13, 11
Main entrance, Castlemont Business and    photo by Jane Tyska/Oakland Tribune                                 Information ...
Olive Street, May 26,   Photo by Jane Tyska/Oakland Tribune                                           2011Thursday, Octobe...
• food stamps (1932); Medicare, Medicaid (1965); Obamacare (cross fingers)       • Castlemont health clinic — most heavily ...
Race, ethnicity, environment = lifespan                           Source: “Life and Death from Unnatural Causes: Health an...
A new way of looking at public health                           When we think about health, we usually think about health ...
Assessing health: four leading (teen) indicators       • The teen disease burden: asthma, Type 2 diabetes, obesity       •...
Why asthma?       • “canary in the coal mine” — high asthma rates correlate with poor         environmental health, psycho...
Asthma in Alameda County                                  Source: “Health of Alameda County Cities and Places,”           ...
Asthma in California, all counties: OSHPDThursday, October 13, 11
Pediatric quality indicatorsThursday, October 13, 11
Why low birthweight babies?       • another “canary”: “At the population level, the proportion of babies with a low       ...
Thursday, October 13, 11
Low birthweight babies, California, all countiesThursday, October 13, 11
LBW - teen moms, CA, all countiesThursday, October 13, 11
Assessing the built environment         “It encompasses all buildings, spaces and products that are created, or modified,  ...
Census: the American Community SurveyThursday, October 13, 11
Sample news releaseThursday, October 13, 11
city-data.comThursday, October 13, 11
three troubling stats       for teens       • Dropout rates = 78.2% at         Leadership Preparatory High         School,...
zipskinny.com (try the widget!)Thursday, October 13, 11
From Place Matters: neighborhood report cardsThursday, October 13, 11
Hope, finally       • CDC/leading causes of death for adolescents (follow the greens)       • high school diploma correlate...
Leading causes of death, U.S. 1919                                 “Causes of Death,” Mortality Statistics, 1919,         ...
Centers for Disease Control: causes of death by       ageThursday, October 13, 11
Measuring hope: three suggestions	       • get graduation/dropout rates & correlate to life expectancy       • devise your...
Don’t forget your local public health department                                    For a list of county                  ...
what the AlaCo data showed       • Homicide, unintentional injury and suicide are leading causes/death for AlaCo         t...
Where we went today       • B’s stories on reportingonhealth.org   • Bureau of the Census/American                        ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Why place matters_jeanc_october2011

451
-1

Published on

Presentation to the Journalism Education Association/Northern California state high school convention, October 2011

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
451
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Why place matters_jeanc_october2011

  1. 1. Does place matter? Connecting community to your (teen) health Beatrice Motamedi Adviser, The Urban School of San Francisco Journalism Education Association/Northern California 2011 State Convention October 2011Thursday, October 13, 11
  2. 2. background and (brief!) bio • reporter, writer, editor; 12 years with WebMD, Health, Parenting, Hippocrates, Time Inc. Health • became a high school teacher in 2004 • journalism adviser at The Urban School of San Francisco; co-direct Newsroom by the Bay @ Stanford • teach journalism part-time, practice journalism part-time • California Endowment Health Journalism Fellowship, 2011/Oakland TribuneThursday, October 13, 11
  3. 3. Growing up in Oakland: the long arm of childhood Three-part series published in the Oakland Tribune, May 31, June 1 and June 2, 2011, by Beatrice Motamedi. A project for The California Endowment Health Journalism Fellowships, a program of the Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism at the University of Southern California. Photo of Torrance Hampton, 19, of East Oakland, by Jane Tyska/Oakland Tribune.Thursday, October 13, 11
  4. 4. The series: the goals • Stay in place — focus on Castlemont campus (3 schools) • Spend time — one full year, one full cycle of change, growth • Connect the dots — from individual stories to the big picture. How does trauma weather teens? Alizhey Black,15, student at East Oakland School of the Arts. Photo by Esmerelda ArguetaThursday, October 13, 11
  5. 5. DEAL OF THE DAY TIMEOUT SPORTS Super Sightseeing Tours TRIPS ON THE BAY DAN WHELDON San Francisco Bay to the ocean THAT WILL FLOAT WINS INDY 500 50% off Day 1: the science of $25 for $50 3.5-hour ANYONE’S BOAT ON FINAL TURN ultimate San Francisco tour See it. Share it. Buy it now. GotDailyDeals.com OVERFLOWING PRISONS teen stress Counties brace for inmate influx EAST BAY SHERIFFS say jails have the space to take absorb these prisoners into the lo- cal jails,” said Contra Costa County what he called “realignment,” shift- ing responsibility from the state to sions of the vehicle license fee and sales tax, there will be no money to in state prisoners, but they don’t have the money Sheriff David Livingston. counties starting July 1 to jail and implement it. Last week’s U.S. Supreme Court monitor low-level, nonviolent felons Without a constitutional guar- By Lisa Vorderbrueggen money from the state before and decision launched Ahern and Liv- to save the state money and to ease antee of funding, the next Legisla- lvorderbrueggen@ have not always received the money ingston, who oversee a combined prison overpopulation. ture faced with deficits could raid bayareanewsgroup.com as promised,” said Alameda County 6,700 jail beds, into the front line of Counties could also receive some the realignment account and leave East Bay jails have beds but no Sheriff Greg Ahern. “We are looking accelerated talks over how Califor- offenders in state custody. The state counties paying for hundreds or • The link between early exposure cash to take on the hundreds of in- for full funding and constitutional nia will resolve its pernicious prison must shed 33,000 inmates over the thousands of inmates. mates the state is expected to divert guarantees of continued funding.” overcrowding problem. next two years in order to meet the That’s the sticking point for sher- to counties as California tries to Sheriffs are “literally meeting The justices ruled that the state’s court ruling. iffs such as Livingston and Ahern. meet court-ordered prison popula- every week with (Gov. Jerry Brown) glutted prisons constitute cruel and The Legislature adopted realign- Without money, they cannot tion reductions. and his staff to make sure there is unusual punishment. ment as part of the state budget. to stress and adult health = the “Counties have been promised going to be adequate funding to Brown this year introduced But without highly disputed exten- See INFLUX, Page 13 GROWING UP IN OAKLAND HOMETOWN HERO long arm of childhood Her reach stretches into lives “I was happy to make 19 (years old). ... Young black men like of youths me need some role models … because we don’t ever know if we’re going to make it through • “Young black men like me need to 20.” — Torrance Hampton, Oakland resident Antioch woman has been using tough love role models, someone to get me to fight drugs for more than four decades By Paul Burgarino through the next 5 years, pburgarino@bayareanewsgroup.com ANTIOCH — Shirley Mar- chetti chatted with a probation officer in the courtyard of the REACH Project center one after- because we don’t ever know if noon when she received a long- awaited gift. An 18-year-old Brentwood man handed her a camouflage- patterned T-shirt that read “Be we’re going to make it to 20.” All That You Can Be: Be Drug Free.” “I think this is pretty much the greatest gift ever,” Marchetti, 76, told him, holding up the shirt to see whether it would fit. Marchetti has worked to coun- sel troubled teens in East Contra Costa County since her oldest son was offered drugs while a student RAY CHAVEZ/STAFF at Antioch Junior High School in Constant threat of violence makes teens Torrance Hampton, 19, lost his friend Marquis Woolfolk to violence when Marquis was shot and killed in November in East Oakland. 1968. REACH Project Inc., co- • “I would estimate that 100% of founded by Marchetti and then- Antioch police Sgt. Leon LeRoy See HERO, Page 13 our students are impacted by OLDER THAN THEIR YEARS IN MORNING REPORT First of three parts Now both were determined to toward graduation. By Beatrice Motamedi TUESDAY graduate. “Man,” Marquis had said, “I violence in some way or form .... Correspondent Part Two: Weathering For three months, they stayed think we’re going make it.” It was at the funeral of the adolescence — stressors after school, working hard to Two days later, he was one of boy he wanted to graduate with that jeopardize teen health. make up the classes they’d four boys shot as they stood on the that Torrance Hampton finally missed. porch of an East Oakland house. There’s no way you can not be, cracked. instantly in September, sharing In fact, the Friday before The other two were treated at Standing near the altar, he Thanksgiving, Torrance and Highland Hospital. Marquis died laughs and stories and hopes. Marquis had traded high-fives thought hard about what to in the ambulance. say. Both seniors, Torrance and Both had survived wild times and after turning in assignments that Marquis Woolfolk had bonded poor choices. earned them three credits each See THREAT, Page 13 in our community.” JOE RAEDLE/BLOOMBERG 27 Pledge to help Missouri town Youth homicides Teenagers, ages 13 to 18, killed in Oakland since 2001 16 15 16 President Barack Obama greets residents of Joplin, 11 12 12 10 Mo., during a visit Sunday to the tornado-ravaged com- 6 6 munity. “I promise you your country will be there with 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 you every single step of the way,” he said as he pledged Source: Oakland Unified School District BAY AREA NEWS GROUP federal aid to all storm-bat- tered parts of the nation.Thursday, October 13, 11
  6. 6. DEAL OF THE DAY SPORTS: NBA FINALS BUSINESS LeBRON IN GIVING International Food Market SCIENCE 50% off Day 2: typical teen LIMELIGHT $10 for $20 of ethnic food ITS DAY and deli sandwiches See it. Share it. Buy it now. GotDailyDeals.com PUBLIC UTILITIES stressors Anger greets plan to raise rates EBMUD’S PROPOSAL calls for a 6 percent increase serves 1.4 million East Bay resi- dents would be on track by 2013 to raise, have been forced to more drastic measures. rates by 5 percent this year and next, but the board of directors de- in water charges this year — and another for 2012 increase rates by one-third over “It seems too easy for them to cided to pursue higher rates out of what they were two years ago. The simply pass it on to customers,” said concern that service levels would By Mike Taugher care, pension and borrowing costs. first rate increases would go into ef- Mary Horton, a former mayor of Pi- decline and the district’s credit rat- mtaugher@bayareanewsgroup.com The East Bay Municipal Utility fect July 1. nole who has been voicing questions ing might take a hit, which could in- Customers of the East Bay’s District may adopt 6 percent rate Some critics are not convinced about the plan. “I’m not necessarily crease borrowing costs. • The Cruz sisters and the Tongan largest water utility are likely to increase for this year and next — or that the district has done every- against the increase, but I think it In order to keep rate increases see their bills rise more than antici- possibly lower rate increases — thing possible to keep rates down. should be delayed until they make at 5 percent, the district would have pated this summer and again next when its board of directors meets After all, other government their case.” had to hold 50 jobs open as work- year as the utility tries to combat June 14. agencies that rely on taxes instead Two years ago, the district an- declining revenues and rising heath If approved, the district that of fees, which are much easier to ticipated that it would need to raise See WATER, Page 9 dance class; the graduation GROWING UP IN OAKLAND BART SH0OTING trifecta “The Castle looks very peaceful and healthy. I would never feel unsafe or at risk in the Castle. I wish it still was a castle.” Mehserle will be released in weeks • Mayo, shreds of lettuce and Family of slain man ‘totally let down’ by pickles — four liquor stores punishment given to former transit officer By Paul T. Rosynsky bracket campus, but soup prosynsky@bayareanewsgroup.com OAKLAND — A year after fac- ing a lifetime in prison for killing an unarmed BART passenger, former transit police Officer Jo- machine = broken for 2 years hannes Mehserle will be released from jail in a cou- ple of weeks. With credits for time served and the leniency of a Los Angeles County judge, Mehserle will be Mehserle set free after serv- ing 11 months of • "I’m not really a good person to ask a two-year sentence issued after JANE TYSKA/STAFF the 29-year-old was found guilty With a tough college-prep curriculum, Castlemont High School once was the neighborhood jewel. But like its East Oakland of involuntary manslaughter in neighborhood, which was hit especially hard by the crack epidemic of the 1980s, the school has fallen on hard times. the killing of Hayward resident Oscar Grant III. about the neighborhood, because I Hazards to their health Mehserle’s release from Los Angeles County Men’s Central Jail, most likely in the middle See MEHSERLE, Page 9 don’t really go outside of my house Academic, nutritional, environmental stress combines, IN MORNING REPORT creating health problems that can become hereditary once I get home .... We hear a lot of Second of three parts By Beatrice Motamedi pass the exit exam, earn the required number of credits shooting all the time and everyone Correspondent and present a senior research I project. An outgoing girl with a t’s a Monday morning, big smile, Christina passed the and Christina Cruz is al- English portion of the exam but ready tired. missed math by 19 points. in my community is divided.” “I’m glad you’re here, be- “If it’s not the CAHSEE, it’s cause I need to talk about the credits. If it’s not the credits, J. DAVID AKE/ASSOCIATED PRESS this,” the 17-year-old tells a it’s the senior project,” Christina visitor. “I stayed up all night talking to my mom.” says. “(My mother) thinks that if I don’t graduate, I’m going to Obama taps new leader for give up, just like that. But I’m Christina’s mother is anx- not.” ious about Christina and her Interviews with and writ- twin, Catherine. Seniors at the Castlemont Business and Infor- DEEBA YAVROM/STAFF ings by nearly 100 students at the Castlemont Campus of Joint Chiefs mation Technology School, both Gese Siaki, center, helps adjust the headband of Catherine Small Schools reveal three ma- have failed the math portion of Cruz before going on stage for a Polynesian dance jor stressors jeopardize their President Barack Obama the California High School Exit performance May 19 at Castlemont High School. health: academic anxiety, lack of introduces Army Gen. Martin Exam, or CAHSEE. Until they healthy food and an environment Dempsey during a news con- pass, the graduation party that that limits their freedom and ference Monday at the White their big Samoan family wants WEDNESDAY • PART THREE imprisons them indoors. Even House. In nominating Dempsey to throw for them is on hold. Surviving and thriving: What works to make teens more resilient. to lead the Joint Chiefs of Staff, To graduate, seniors must See HEALTH, Page 9 Obama lauded him as “one of our nation’s most respected and combat-tested generals.”Thursday, October 13, 11
  7. 7. DEAL OF THE DAY BUSINESS ALIBABA.COM CHEFS FIND Bijou Restaurant and Bar Hayward OPENS DOORS INSPIRATION 50% off Day 3: resilience. FOOD $25 for $50 of French fusion FOR SMALL FIRMS IN THE GARDEN cuisine and drinks & WINE See it. Share it. Buy it now. GotDailyDeals.com GEBRESELASSIE SLAYING TRIAL What works? Brothers found guilty of murder Pair will spend rest of their lives in prison for shooting three in Oakland apartment By Paul T. Rosynsky against them, including killing three witnessed the Gebreselassie broth- prosynsky@bayareanewsgroup.com people, kidnapping a 2-year-old ers gun down his sister, mother and OAKLAND — Asmerom Gebre- nephew and attempting to kill one brother during a Thanksgiving Day • “The middle-class kids have already selassie and his brother Tewodros other person. dinner. “I’m happy but I also have will spend the rest of their lives in The jury also found that both were loss. It’s painful, I will never get my prison after a jury decided Tuesday guilty of two special circumstance family back.” both successfully planned and car- crimes: killing multiple people and Asmerom Gebreselassie, 47, and learned that if you fail, the world is ried out the killings of their sister-in- killing during the course of a kidnap- his brother Tewodros, 43, were ac- law, her mother and her brother on ping. As a result, the Gebreselassie cused of killing their sister-in-law, Thanksgiving Day 2006. brothers will be sentenced in August Winta Mehari, 28, her mother, After deliberating for about to life in prison without the possibil- Regbe Bahrengasi, 50, and her seven days, the jury of 10 women and ity of parole. brother, Yonas Mehari, 17, in what a not at an end .... Minority poor kids two men found the Gebreselassie “For what they did, they deserve LAURA A. ODA/STAFF brothers guilty of all 14 charges filed this,” said Merhawi Mehari, who See VERDICT, Page 15 Yosef Mehari, brother and son of the victims, receives a hug Tuesday after brothers Asmerom and Tewodros Gebreselassie were found guilty of killing three people in 2006 in Oakland. The ONLINE To see a slide show of photos from Tuesday’s verdict, go to InsideBayArea.com. really have some catching up to Gebreselassies will spend their lives in prison without parole. GROWING UP IN OAKLAND BEACH DEATH do." (Len Syme) ‘Pop pop pop there go another young man shot … City asks Follow your heart because this world is falling apart … Life in Oakland is a living hell.’ why man — Poem by Kevnisha Harris, 15, a freshman at the Castlemont Campus of Small Schools allowed • role models and mentors; outside To thrive, resiliency is key to drown Alameda firefighters, Surviving adversity support (YU, clinic) helps to make teens stronger, and those police stood on beach as man killed himself By Peter Hegarty skills can be taught phegarty@bayareanewsgroup.com ALAMEDA — City officials are investigating why police and Last of three parts firefighters remained on a beach By Beatrice Motamedi and watched as a 52-year-old man Correspondent stood in the surf and apparently It’s third period at Castlemont killed himself on Memorial Day. • control and agency, e.g., Ali’s Business and Information Tech- The officers and firefighters — nology School in East Oakland. A who later said they are not trained visitor begins a discussion about in land-water rescue — remained poverty, bad food and crime. on the beach as a passer-by Tough times? Tough streets? waded into the water and pulled “dream” story; Enrique and “The These high school students aren’t the man’s body to shore after he stressing. drowned. In this class, the vibe is to thrive: “We are absolutely going to do At a school where the dropout rate an investigation,” Mayor Marie Boost” and “Slum Kids Lifestyle” is one in two, most Gilmore said. “And we are plan- ONLINE are ready to gradu- ning to do it in as transparent a To read ate. Gary Williams way as possible.” the other Jr., senior class Raymond Zack paced back parts of the president, has an and forth along the shore for “Growing Up athletic scholarship several minutes before he waded In Oakland” to the University of into the waves about 11:30 a.m. on series, go to San Francisco. a stretch of Robert Crown Memo- InsideBay- “Trying to get rial State Beach along Shoreline Area.com. good grades, play Drive near Willow Street in Al- basketball and get ameda, witnesses said. ready for college can be really For nearly an hour, Zack stood stressful,” he says. “I handle my in the neck-deep water — some- stress by working out or going to times raising his arms above the play basketball.” surface — before he eventually It’s a big contrast to first pe- riod, where students are tired and See DROWNING, Page 15 worried. “When I am expected to do things, I get stressed,” admits se- nior Alejandra Munoz. LOCAL NEWS • PAGE A3 Moses Nervis, a self-described “budding cartoonist,” has trou- ble handling multiple demands: “(S)chool, my cartoons and some Snow melt program my Mom got me in — it’s too much.” Tevita Lanivia can’t wait to could spell move to Utah, where his sisters live. “You would think that you trouble would be safe around (Oakland) JANE TYSKA/STAFF The snowpack in the Sierra but death is around the side,” he Kevnisha Harris, 15, a freshman at the Castlemont Campus of Small Schools, shows her is two to three times its normal poems in East Oakland. The school, which is divided into several smaller schools, offers depth, thanks to a wet winter See SOLUTIONS, Page 15 services to help students deal with the stress of living in an urban environment. and cool spring. But hot summer weather could turn a gradual thaw into flooding.Thursday, October 13, 11
  8. 8. Doing your own story ... three essential questions • Does a person’s health depend on access to healthcare, or lifestyle choices? What’s more important: doctors, or diet? • Which is more important: the choices you make, or the physical and social environment in which you live? Diet, or homicide rate? • Do you have social capital in your community? What do teens need, and does your community give it to you/them? How can you tell?Thursday, October 13, 11
  9. 9. Which of these places is healthier?Thursday, October 13, 11
  10. 10. Castlemont, then: East Oakland High School, 1927 Photo in Oakland Tribune archives; also online at the Oakland Public Library at http://www.oac.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/kt009nc73h/? layout=metadata&brand=oac4Thursday, October 13, 11
  11. 11. • no government-sponsored health care; no welfare or food stamps • no school nurses, no health classes, no peer ed • leading causes of death: typhus, malaria, smallpox, measles • U.S. life expectancy in 1927 was 62.0 years (white) and 48.2 years (black) Sources: “Table 21. Estimated life expectancy at birth in years, by race and sex: Death-registration states, 1900–1928, and United States, 1929–2007,” U.S. Life Tables at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr59/nvsr59_09.pdf; National Center for Health Statistics, at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm, and “Causes of Death,” Vital Statistics of the U.S., Centers for Disease Control, at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/vsushistorical/mortrates_1910-1920.pdfThursday, October 13, 11
  12. 12. And now: Castlemont campus of small schools, 2011 Photo by Jane Tyska/ Oakland TribuneThursday, October 13, 11
  13. 13. “Killside” Street, one block photo by Beatrice Motamedi west of CastlemontThursday, October 13, 11
  14. 14. Main entrance, Castlemont Business and photo by Jane Tyska/Oakland Tribune Information Technology SchoolThursday, October 13, 11
  15. 15. Olive Street, May 26, Photo by Jane Tyska/Oakland Tribune 2011Thursday, October 13, 11
  16. 16. • food stamps (1932); Medicare, Medicaid (1965); Obamacare (cross fingers) • Castlemont health clinic — most heavily used school clinic, 2 physicians + 6 mental health counselors, nearly 6,000 visits in 2007-2008 (latest available) • leading causes of death: homicide, unintentional injury, suicide • life expectancy as of 2006-2008 (latest available) was 81.4 years; the difference between Asian American females and African American males = 20 years Sources: Interview with Castlemont Clinic Director Su Park, April 2010; “Health of Alameda County Cities and Places,” Alameda County Department of Public Health, 2010Thursday, October 13, 11
  17. 17. Race, ethnicity, environment = lifespan Source: “Life and Death from Unnatural Causes: Health and Social Inequity in Alameda County,” Alameda County Public Health Department, April 2008, at http://www.barhii.org/press/download/ unnatural_causes_report.pdfThursday, October 13, 11
  18. 18. A new way of looking at public health When we think about health, we usually think about health care and access to care and the quality of care. But what research clearly shows is that health is embedded in the larger conditions in which we live and work. So, the quality of housing and the quality of neighborhood have dramatic effects on health. DAVID WILLIAMS, sociologist, Harvard School of Public HealthThursday, October 13, 11
  19. 19. Assessing health: four leading (teen) indicators • The teen disease burden: asthma, Type 2 diabetes, obesity • % of LBW (low-birthweight) births • Quality of built environment: schools, parks, libraries, transportation, housing • Hope?Thursday, October 13, 11
  20. 20. Why asthma? • “canary in the coal mine” — high asthma rates correlate with poor environmental health, psychological stress, even divorce • sharp racial/ethnic disparities • major contributor to low attendance, poor school performance • example of inflammatory and immune system diseaseThursday, October 13, 11
  21. 21. Asthma in Alameda County Source: “Health of Alameda County Cities and Places,” Alameda County Department of Public Health, 2010Thursday, October 13, 11
  22. 22. Asthma in California, all counties: OSHPDThursday, October 13, 11
  23. 23. Pediatric quality indicatorsThursday, October 13, 11
  24. 24. Why low birthweight babies? • another “canary”: “At the population level, the proportion of babies with a low birth weight is an indicator of a multifaceted public-health problem that includes long-term maternal malnutrition, ill health, hard work and poor health care in pregnancy. On an individual basis, low birth weight is an important predictor of newborn health and survival.” —World Health Organization • link in utero to mental illness and learning disabilities: Dutch famine of 1944 and the Chinese famine of 1959 • teen moms have a higher LBW rate than older momsThursday, October 13, 11
  25. 25. Thursday, October 13, 11
  26. 26. Low birthweight babies, California, all countiesThursday, October 13, 11
  27. 27. LBW - teen moms, CA, all countiesThursday, October 13, 11
  28. 28. Assessing the built environment “It encompasses all buildings, spaces and products that are created, or modified, by people. It includes homes, schools, workplaces, parks/recreation areas, greenways, business areas and transportation systems. It extends overhead in the form of electric transmission lines, underground in the form of waste disposal sites and subway trains, and across the country in the form of highways. It includes land-use planning and policies that impact our communities in urban, rural and suburban areas.” “Obesity and the Built Environment,” National Institutes of Health, 2004 request for proposals, http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa- les/rfa- es-04-003.htmlThursday, October 13, 11
  29. 29. Census: the American Community SurveyThursday, October 13, 11
  30. 30. Sample news releaseThursday, October 13, 11
  31. 31. city-data.comThursday, October 13, 11
  32. 32. three troubling stats for teens • Dropout rates = 78.2% at Leadership Preparatory High School, 55.9% at Castlemont Business and Information Technology School and 43.2% at the East Oakland School of the Arts. • An area of nearly 35 square miles with 121,000 residents, 63,000 in the so-called "Castlemont Corridor," and 21,000 of them teenagers, East Oakland does not have a full-service supermarket. • The stat kids suggested I useThursday, October 13, 11
  33. 33. zipskinny.com (try the widget!)Thursday, October 13, 11
  34. 34. From Place Matters: neighborhood report cardsThursday, October 13, 11
  35. 35. Hope, finally • CDC/leading causes of death for adolescents (follow the greens) • high school diploma correlates to lower asthma risk, lower diabetes rates, higher life expectancy (in AlaCo, h.s. grad is < 70% = 5-year drop in life expectancy) • "Our view is that if these children had no hope for the future, what difference would it make if they smoked or used drugs or missed school?  We decided to work on hope, to help these children see that they had a future." —Len Syme, professor emeritus, UC Berkeley School of Public HealthThursday, October 13, 11
  36. 36. Leading causes of death, U.S. 1919 “Causes of Death,” Mortality Statistics, 1919, Bureau of the CensusThursday, October 13, 11
  37. 37. Centers for Disease Control: causes of death by ageThursday, October 13, 11
  38. 38. Measuring hope: three suggestions • get graduation/dropout rates & correlate to life expectancy • devise your own “broken window” index of your environment, e.g., teen-to- park ratio, teen-to-liquor stores ratio, teen-to-bus stop ratio • map and compare built environments (number of fast-food restaurants, number of exercise fields or parks, number of blighted areas, number of museums and libraries, etc.)Thursday, October 13, 11
  39. 39. Don’t forget your local public health department For a list of county health departments, click hereThursday, October 13, 11
  40. 40. what the AlaCo data showed • Homicide, unintentional injury and suicide are leading causes/death for AlaCo teens; homicide/injury = 2/3 of all teen deaths • Only 1 in 5 AlaCo teens has the recommended daily serving of fruits/veggies, compared with 1 in 2 adults; children aged 2-11 are “over twice as likely” to consume the fruits/veggies they need. AlaCo has the fourth-highest % of kids statewide who are overweight (29.1%) • AlaCo adults who don’t complete high school are twice as likely to have diabetes than those with a h.s. diploma or higherThursday, October 13, 11
  41. 41. Where we went today • B’s stories on reportingonhealth.org • Bureau of the Census/American Community Survey • “Unnatural Causes” • city-data.com • “The Health of Alameda County Cities and Places” • zipskinny.com • Office of Statewide Health Planning • Centers for Disease Control & Development (OSHPD) • National Center for Health Statistics • California Department of Public HealthThursday, October 13, 11
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×