In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million.
Doubled the size of the U.S.
In early 1800s,
still a colony of Spain, but Seminole Indians, Spanish colonists, English traders, and runaway slaves
St. Augustine, the country’s oldest European-established city
Andrew Jackson You better watch out, because I’m coming for you, and I’m one, bad son of a gun. As he based his career in developing Tennessee, Jackson was the first president primarily associated with the American frontier. Would later become the 7th President of the USA
Andrew Jackson *Jackson hosted grand parties at the White House that were open to the public. *Jackson was the only president who ever paid off the national debt. *Jackson's soldiers nicknamed him 'Old Hickory' in honor of his toughness. *The hot-tempered Jackson killed Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson made insulting remarks about his marriage.
Andrew Jackson During a September 1813 gunfight with the Benton brothers in downtown Nashville, the cause of which is a little cloudy, Jackson was shot by a slug and a ball. Jackson bled so much he soaked two mattresses after being moved to a room in the Nashville Inn. Most doctors who saw him recommended amputation of the left arm. Jackson refused: "I'll keep my arm" was the last thing he said before becoming unconscious. Both wounds were dressed with poultices. Jackson was utterly prostrate from the great loss of blood -- it was three weeks before he could leave his bed. (But, by 34 days after the shooting, Jackson was commanding troops in the field) By 1831, Jesse Benton's 1813 bullet was migrating and causing periods of intense discomfort. In January 1832, Dr. Thomas Harris, was summoned to the White House to remove the bullet. "No anesthesia was available, of course, so Jackson simply bared his arm, gritted his jaws,... and said `Go ahead.' The surgeon made an incision, squeezed the arm, and out popped [the bullet]." Jackson's health improved at once, which has led to speculation that the bullet was causing or contributing to lead poisoning, for which there is some evidence.
Andrew Jackson marched into Florida to end attacks on Georgia farms by runaway slaves and Seminole Indians. Although Spain owned Florida, it feared war with the United States.
Spain gave Florida to the United States. In exchange, the United States agreed to pay $5 million in claims against Spain for damage done to settlers in Georgia.
In 1827, almost 300 families under the leadership of Stephen Austin received permission from Mexico to settle in Texas. When American numbers rose to 25,000 in Texas, Mexico closed immigration.
Texas declared independence from Mexico and fought a war with Mexico. Famous battle at the Alamo , Mexican General Santa Ana killed all the defenders.
Texas won their independence and joined the United States as the 28th state.
Northerners opposed the annexation of Texas because slavery was allowed.
Drawn by advertisements 1,000 pioneers moved into the territory.
President James Polk made an agreement with Britain to make the northern border of Oregon the 49th parallel .
War With Mexico
Caused by a border dispute between U.S. and Mexico.
The U.S. thought the Texas southern border should be the Rio Grande.
Mexico thought it was the Nueces River.
War With Mexico continued
U.S. defeated Mexico and signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalogo .
Paid Mexico $15 million for most of the Southwest (California, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, etc.)
Gadsden Purchase 1853
A few years after the Mexican War, U.S. purchased small strip of land in Southwest for $10 million to build a rail line.