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Creating The Constitution
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Creating The Constitution

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  • 1. Creating a Government for the New Nation Implementing the Constitution
  • 2. After Independence was declared…
    • each of the states set out to create its own government.
    • While they were all different, many states experimented with different “branches” of government.
    • This was done in an attempt to make sure that the government did not become too powerful.
  • 3. Republic
    • a system where the people choose people to represent and govern them
    • All of the states chose this type of system.
  • 4. Articles of Confederation
    • served as the first plan of government for the new nation
    • approved by the Second Continental Congress in November, 1777…
    • but did not become officially ratified by the states until 1781
  • 5. What the Articles did
    • 1. Formed a loose union of the states, BUT left most of the governing power to the states, themselves.
    • 2. The national government had the power to wage war, make peace, sign treaties, and issue money.
  • 6. Weaknesses of the Articles
    • Debt was a large problem facing the new nation.
    • Much had been spent fighting the war.
    • Much of the money owed was to soldiers that had fought in the Revolution.
    • Despite violent protest to Congress, they did NOT have the power to levy taxes to help pay the soldiers.
  • 7. Shays’s Rebellion (1787)
    • Daniel Shays led a rebellion of farmers to protest the lack of support given to the former soldiers.
    • The Rebellion was quickly put down but many empathized with the situation of the farmers and felt sorry for them.
    • Was a key event that led to the revision of the Articles and ultimately the Constitution.
  • 8. Creating the Constitution Founding Fathers: name given to the men that constructed the Constitution
  • 9. Challenges faced in writing the Constitution
    • 1. Creating a strong, but limited, federal government
    • 2. Balancing the interests of large and small states.
    • 3. Determining representation in Congress
    • 4. Determining how slaves would be counted in the population.
    • 5. Creating a balance of power within government
  • 10. The Virginia Plan
    • This plan addressed the issue of balance of power within government.
    • It created the three branches of government that we have today…
      • A. Legislative Branch: passes the laws
      • B. Executive Branch: enforces the laws
      • C. Judicial Branch: interprets the laws
  • 11. The plan also called for…. two houses of Congress that would both have representation based on population and wealth.
  • 12. The Great Compromise
    • The smaller states were VERY concerned that the Virginia Plan would leave almost all of the power in the larger states.
    • In the end, the Great Compromise settled the situation.
    • The Senate: Each state would have EQUAL representation
    • The House of Representatives: Representation would be based on population.
    • This system is still in place today!
  • 13. The Three-Fifths Compromise
    • This addressed the issue of how slaves would be counted in a state’s population for representation in the House and for tax purposes.
    • The delegates agreed that for every 5 slaves a state had, 3 would be counted in that state’s population.
  • 14. Selecting the President
    • It was decided that electors chosen by the states would select the President.
    • This is the basis for the Electoral College system that we still use today.
  • 15. The Bill of Rights
    • Bill of Rights: a set of rules that defines peoples’ rights
    • Those fearing that the federal government would become too powerful insisted on a Bill of Rights being added to the Constitution.
    • The Bill of Rights became the first ten amendments to the Constitution.