Creating a Government  for the New Nation Implementing the Constitution
After Independence was declared… <ul><li>each of the states set out to create its own government. </li></ul><ul><li>While ...
Republic <ul><li>a system where the people choose people to represent and govern them  </li></ul><ul><li>All of the states...
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>served as the first plan of government for the new nation </li></ul><ul><li>approved by ...
What the Articles did <ul><li>1.  Formed a loose union of the states, BUT left most of the governing power to the states, ...
Weaknesses of the Articles <ul><li>Debt was a large problem facing the new nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Much had been spent f...
Shays’s Rebellion (1787) <ul><li>Daniel Shays led a rebellion of farmers to protest the lack of support given to the forme...
Creating the Constitution Founding Fathers:  name given to the men that constructed the Constitution
Challenges faced in writing the Constitution <ul><li>1.  Creating a strong, but limited, federal government </li></ul><ul>...
The Virginia Plan <ul><li>This plan addressed the issue of balance of power within government. </li></ul><ul><li>It create...
The plan also called for…. two houses of Congress that would both have representation based on population and wealth.
The Great Compromise <ul><li>The smaller states were VERY concerned that the Virginia Plan would leave almost all of the p...
The Three-Fifths Compromise <ul><li>This addressed the issue of how slaves would be counted in a state’s population for re...
Selecting the President <ul><li>It was decided that electors chosen by the states would select the President. </li></ul><u...
The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Bill of Rights:   a set of rules that defines peoples’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>Those fearing t...
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Creating The Constitution

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Creating The Constitution

  1. 1. Creating a Government for the New Nation Implementing the Constitution
  2. 2. After Independence was declared… <ul><li>each of the states set out to create its own government. </li></ul><ul><li>While they were all different, many states experimented with different “branches” of government. </li></ul><ul><li>This was done in an attempt to make sure that the government did not become too powerful. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Republic <ul><li>a system where the people choose people to represent and govern them </li></ul><ul><li>All of the states chose this type of system. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>served as the first plan of government for the new nation </li></ul><ul><li>approved by the Second Continental Congress in November, 1777… </li></ul><ul><li>but did not become officially ratified by the states until 1781 </li></ul>
  5. 5. What the Articles did <ul><li>1. Formed a loose union of the states, BUT left most of the governing power to the states, themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The national government had the power to wage war, make peace, sign treaties, and issue money. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Weaknesses of the Articles <ul><li>Debt was a large problem facing the new nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Much had been spent fighting the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the money owed was to soldiers that had fought in the Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite violent protest to Congress, they did NOT have the power to levy taxes to help pay the soldiers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shays’s Rebellion (1787) <ul><li>Daniel Shays led a rebellion of farmers to protest the lack of support given to the former soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rebellion was quickly put down but many empathized with the situation of the farmers and felt sorry for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Was a key event that led to the revision of the Articles and ultimately the Constitution. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Creating the Constitution Founding Fathers: name given to the men that constructed the Constitution
  9. 9. Challenges faced in writing the Constitution <ul><li>1. Creating a strong, but limited, federal government </li></ul><ul><li>2. Balancing the interests of large and small states. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Determining representation in Congress </li></ul><ul><li>4. Determining how slaves would be counted in the population. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Creating a balance of power within government </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Virginia Plan <ul><li>This plan addressed the issue of balance of power within government. </li></ul><ul><li>It created the three branches of government that we have today… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Legislative Branch: passes the laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Executive Branch: enforces the laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Judicial Branch: interprets the laws </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The plan also called for…. two houses of Congress that would both have representation based on population and wealth.
  12. 12. The Great Compromise <ul><li>The smaller states were VERY concerned that the Virginia Plan would leave almost all of the power in the larger states. </li></ul><ul><li>In the end, the Great Compromise settled the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate: Each state would have EQUAL representation </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Representatives: Representation would be based on population. </li></ul><ul><li>This system is still in place today! </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Three-Fifths Compromise <ul><li>This addressed the issue of how slaves would be counted in a state’s population for representation in the House and for tax purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>The delegates agreed that for every 5 slaves a state had, 3 would be counted in that state’s population. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Selecting the President <ul><li>It was decided that electors chosen by the states would select the President. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the basis for the Electoral College system that we still use today. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Bill of Rights: a set of rules that defines peoples’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>Those fearing that the federal government would become too powerful insisted on a Bill of Rights being added to the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill of Rights became the first ten amendments to the Constitution. </li></ul>

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