California Gold Rush And Manifest Destiny

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California Gold Rush And Manifest Destiny

  1. 1. The California Gold Rush and Manifest Destiny
  2. 2. California before the Gold Rush <ul><li>Settled mostly by Native Americans and Californios (Mexicans living in California) </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the war, the United States acquired California through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo after they won the Mexican-American War </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gold is discovered <ul><ul><ul><li>On January 24, 1848 James W. Marshall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>found gold along the American River. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Marshall quietly brought what he found to his </li></ul><ul><li>boss, John Sutter. </li></ul><ul><li>Sutter was dismayed by this, and wanted to keep </li></ul><ul><li>the news quiet because he feared what would happen </li></ul><ul><li>to his plans for an agricultural empire if there were </li></ul><ul><li>a gold rush. </li></ul><ul><li>Rumors spread anyway, and soon thousands </li></ul><ul><li>made their way to California to get rich quickly. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The World Rushes In <ul><li>By 1849, tens of thousands of gold seekers from around the world had joined the California gold rush </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 were Americans </li></ul><ul><li>The rest came from Mexico, South America, Europe, Australia, and China </li></ul>
  5. 6. 49er?
  6. 8. The real 49ers <ul><li>Most were young men </li></ul><ul><li>Spent long days digging up mud, dirt, and stones while standing knee-deep in icy streams </li></ul><ul><li>Most originally wanted to return home, but many ended up staying in California </li></ul>
  7. 10. The Effects of the California Gold Rush <ul><li>San Francisco and Sacramento grew from small settlements to boomtowns, and roads, churches, schools and other towns were built throughout California. </li></ul><ul><li>A system of laws and a government were created, leading to the admission of California as a free state in 1850. </li></ul>
  8. 13. California’s Native Americans <ul><li>Between 1848 and 1870, warfare and disease reduced their number from about 150,000 to just 30,000 </li></ul>
  9. 14. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Literally means “obvious fate” </li></ul><ul><li>Coined in 1845 by John O’Sullivan, a New York newspaperman. He wrote that it was America’s “manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent.” </li></ul><ul><li>However, In 1845, Oregon territory, California, and Texas, were not yet part of the United States! </li></ul>

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