Meta-stereotypingand the Girl Geek Jenny Cole, Psychologist
My background• Social Psychology• Gossip, interpersonal communication, social  perception, person memory• Yes, Psychology ...
Humans & Groups• Evolutionary basis  – Increases survival  – Efficient use of resources• We behave differently in  groups ...
Stereotyping• Stereotyping:   – “widely shared and     simplified evaluative     image of a social     group and it’s     ...
Meta-stereotypes• Meta-cognition  – ‘knowing that we    know’ (or don’t know)• Meta-stereotyping  – Being aware of the    ...
Effects of stereotyping• Negative stereotypes!  – Creation of ingroups and outgroups  – Dehumanisation of individuals  – P...
Behavioural assimilationshe cake the last took piece of rudelyShe rudely took the last piece of cakeshe others usually to ...
Stereotype threat• Thinking about meta-stereotypes about you     +  Women are                 Good baking  good at baking ...
Gender stereotype threat                                         Only happens when:Maths performance                      ...
Effects on women in science• Women face psychological barriers as well as  physical ones to entering  science/engineering/...
Changing the status quo• These gender stereotypes are no longer as strong• Probably most problematic at school?• It’s not ...
Thanks for listening!  Any questions?
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Meta stereotyping and the girl geek

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Meta stereotyping and the girl geek

  1. 1. Meta-stereotypingand the Girl Geek Jenny Cole, Psychologist
  2. 2. My background• Social Psychology• Gossip, interpersonal communication, social perception, person memory• Yes, Psychology is a science – Hypothetico-deductive method, aiming to objectively measure human behaviour – BUT humans are sneaky
  3. 3. Humans & Groups• Evolutionary basis – Increases survival – Efficient use of resources• We behave differently in groups – Conformity – Group think – Different forms of social identity
  4. 4. Stereotyping• Stereotyping: – “widely shared and simplified evaluative image of a social group and it’s members” (Hogg & Vaughan, 2005, p. 584) – Social categorisation – Use of prototypes The Scientist
  5. 5. Meta-stereotypes• Meta-cognition – ‘knowing that we know’ (or don’t know)• Meta-stereotyping – Being aware of the stereotypes others hold of us e.g. as a ‘woman’, ‘British’, ‘stu dent’ etc
  6. 6. Effects of stereotyping• Negative stereotypes! – Creation of ingroups and outgroups – Dehumanisation of individuals – Prejudice• Behavioural assimilation – Taking on the characteristics of a social group after exposure to stereotypes about them• Stereotype threat – Not fulfilling potential due to meta-stereotypes
  7. 7. Behavioural assimilationshe cake the last took piece of rudelyShe rudely took the last piece of cakeshe others usually to respectful isShe is usually respectful to othersfriend’s sends birthday a card for a sheShe sends a card for a friend’s birthdayforgetful was very these she days oftenShe was often very forgetful these days Slowvery was yesterday thirsty sheShe was very thirsty yesterday
  8. 8. Stereotype threat• Thinking about meta-stereotypes about you + Women are Good baking good at baking performance - Women aren’t Poor maths good at maths performance
  9. 9. Gender stereotype threat Only happens when:Maths performance - You say that gender is important to the task - The women in question are high identifiers as ‘women’ Male Female We are not consciously aware of the effects of Seems to be due to effects stereotype threat on working memory Thinking about stereotypes others hold of us uses up cognitive resources
  10. 10. Effects on women in science• Women face psychological barriers as well as physical ones to entering science/engineering/technological fields – What it means to be female in society tells you that ‘women don’t do science’ (descriptive norm) and that ‘women shouldn’t do science’ (prescriptive norm) – Women unconsciously take on this stereotype and it might stop them reaching their science/maths engineering potential
  11. 11. Changing the status quo• These gender stereotypes are no longer as strong• Probably most problematic at school?• It’s not necessarily about persuading girls that they want to do science but that they can• Making a wide range of skills/abilities/careers part of which it means to be a women in society
  12. 12. Thanks for listening! Any questions?

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