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Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays
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Modern Management of Oilfield Wastes in Unconventional Resource Plays

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This presentation was given at the 2013 Air & Waste Management Association Conference in Chicago (June 2013).

This presentation was given at the 2013 Air & Waste Management Association Conference in Chicago (June 2013).

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • Considered typically by management as a cost, subtracting from the bottom line of a project or development, and to be handled by field personnel as cheaply as possible. However, this approach often leads to costly liability for the company, as a waste, once generated is always the responsibility of the generator, forever; not the responsibility of the disposer whom the company has paid to take away the waste.
  • Essentially, any substance that has been downhole is an exempt waste.
  • Essentially, any substance that has been downhole is an exempt waste.
  • Transcript

    • 1. MODERN MANAGEMENT OF EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION WASTE Presented at the 106th Annual Conference & Exhibition Air & Waste Management Association June 25 – 28, 2013 Authors: J. Daniel Arthur, P.E., SPEC; B. Greg Casey, P.E.; Jeffrey T. Cline, Ph.D.; and H. William Hochheiser (ALL Consulting) June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 1
    • 2. Discussion Outline • Introduction – Waste management opportunities in modern oil field development. • Typical Oilfield Wastes • Waste Management Considerations • Putting it all Together • Conclusions June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 2
    • 3. INTRODUCTION June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 3
    • 4. Managing Wastes in the Modern Age • The “Shale Revolution” has transformed the Oil & Gas Industry! • A plethora of new technologies means waste management has taken a new shape. • As shales have boomed, large public companies have joined the fray and public scrutiny is at an all-time high. • Managing wastes is complicated: – Each project phase has its own set of wastes; – Each waste stream may have different regulatory requirements; – Waste streams may be dispersed, occur in large volumes, and include a broad variety of waste types; and – Agencies are strengthening regulatory programs. • Waste Management Programs are essential in project planning and throughout the life of a field. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 4
    • 5. Planning Goals & Objectives • Manage liability • Remain in compliance • Eliminate/minimize waste • Recycle and Reuse • Minimize disposal risk • Avoid creating hazardous wastes June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 5
    • 6. Benefits of Waste Management Planning • Lower volumes of offsite waste • Lower costs and liabilities. • Better community image • Fewer regulatory issues • Improved operational efficiency June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 6 Commercial Waste Facility, Eagle Ford Shale Area of South Texas, ALL Consulting, 2012
    • 7. TYPICAL OILFIELD WASTES June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 7
    • 8. Typical Oil Field Wastes June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 8 • Non-hazardous oilfield waste (NOW) • Non-exempt industrial waste • Industrial recycle • Trash • Special wastes • Hazardous Wastes Produced Water Disposal Facility (South Texas) ALL Consulting, 2013
    • 9. Non-hazardous Oilfield Waste (NOW) Exempt RCRA Subtitle C June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 9 • Produced water and solids • Drilling fluids, cuttings • Well completion fluids • Slop oil • Tank bottoms • Workover wastes • Gas dehydration wastes • Liquids, gases from production
    • 10. Non-Exempt Waste (RCRA, Subtitle C) June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 10 • Lubricating oils • Pipe dope • Chemicals, surplus & unusable • Scrap metal • Drums with chemicals, lube oils • Well completion fluids, unused • Paint waste • Contaminated soil with above
    • 11. Industrial Recycle • Batteries • Oils o Lubricating o Hydraulic • Scrap metals o Pipe o Vessels o Drums o Wire June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 11 Scrap Metal and Pipe from the Permian Basin (West Texas) ALL Consulting, 2008
    • 12. Trash and Special Category Wastes • Trash • Construction Debris • Special Category Waste – Naturally Occurring Radioactive Wastes (NORM) – Technically-Enhanced NORM June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 12 Commercial Waste Facilities (Texas) ALL Consulting, 2012
    • 13. WASTE MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 13
    • 14. Regulatory Requirements • Identify types, quantities of wastes. • Assess current and evolving regulations for each waste type. – Federal – State – Local • Determine Permitting Requirements. – Time frame to obtain permits June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 14 Commercial Waste Facilities (Texas) ALL Consulting, 2012
    • 15. Onsite Waste Management • Avoid waste production. • Reduce wastes by treatment, mixing. • Develop site controls: berms, lined pits, lined pads, tanks, leak prevention, spill control and cleanup measures. • Treat and reuse or dispose of produced water, drill cuttings, drill fluids, rig wash. • Contain, store properly, transport, dispose of non- exempt wastes. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 15 Waste Management & Recycling Facility Northeast Pennsylvania, ALL Consulting, 2010
    • 16. Off-Site Disposal • Audit disposal sites to insure proper waste disposal practices and current permits. • Approved sites should be chosen to minimize transportation costs. • Minimize the number of facilities used to limit potential liability. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 16 Commercial salt water disposal well facility, Eagle Ford shale area in Texas, ALL Consulting, 2012
    • 17. Waste Tracking • All waste types should be tracked from “cradle to grave” to minimize long-term liabilities and costs • Document the waste type and quantity. • Maintain checklist documenting hauler approval to accept and transport the waste. • Require Chain of Custody to document delivery to approved disposal site. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 17
    • 18. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 18
    • 19. Waste Management Planning • Begins during project design planning. • Requires management & operations buy-in. • Has a general hierarchy that includes: – Developing practices/processes – Avoiding waste generation – Prioritizing recycle/reuse – Identifying safest disposal options June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 19
    • 20. Planning & Implementation • Develop policies and goals. • Identify responsible parties in management and operations. • Identify probable waste types. • Consider options to avoid waste formation, especially hazardous. • Develop processes for waste handling, hauling, disposal. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 20
    • 21. Planning & Implementation (Cont.) • Establish “Cradle to Grave” recordkeeping, tracking. • Identify approved waste haulers and disposal sites. • Establish preferable, low cost, low- liability pathways to disposal. • Identify applicable regulatory agencies and requirements. • Determine permits and compliance. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 21
    • 22. • E&P Waste management is evolving rapidly. – New technologies in treatment and recycling. – Changing regulatory, social requirements. – Improved processes of waste management. • Waste life-cycle planning involves: – Waste characterization. – Definition of current and evolving regulations. – Handling and hauling optimization. – Evaluation of waste minimization options. – Consideration of on-site versus off-site disposal. • Planning should support safe management of wastes from initial site preparation through production operations and closure. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 22 Conclusion
    • 23. June 2013 Copyright ©2013 ALL Consulting 1 Questions ? J. Daniel Arthur, P.E., SPEC President/Project Manager ALL Consulting 1718 S. Cheyenne Ave. Tulsa, OK 74119 darthur@all-llc.com www.all-llc.com Citation Information: Arthur, J. Daniel; Casey, B. Greg; Cline, Jeff T.; Hochheiser, H. William (ALL Consulting). “Modern Management of Exploration and Production Waste” (Paper #12968). Presented at the 106th Annual Conference & Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, June 25 – 28, 2013, Chicago, Illinois.

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