Honors Seminar Presentation Tuckel Torres

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Honors Seminar Presentation Tuckel Torres

  1. 1. The Geographic Distribution of Freshmen Students at Hunter College 2010-2011 Prianka Ahmed Denys Dukhovnov Danielle Finne Reneel Langdon Fausto Lopez Murtaza Munir Tomoko Shiohara Lira Skenderi Olivia Torres Peter Tuckel Spring 2012
  2. 2. Primary Objective• The main objective of this research is to display the geographic distribution of the residences of students at various stages of the admissions process for Hunter. These stages range from application to acceptance to enrollment to retention.
  3. 3. Data• The primary dataset upon which this analysis rests consists of the total number freshmen students who applied, who were admitted, who enrolled, and who were retained after one semester and one year by zip code during the year of 2010 to 2011. The data is also disaggregated by race: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian and Hispanic.
  4. 4. Data II• Appended to this primary data set were two demographic variables from the decennial (2000) U.S. census at the zip code level. These variables were the racial composition of the zip code (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian and Hispanic) and median household income.
  5. 5. Part 1:Freshmen Students
  6. 6. Overall Number who Apply, are Admitted, Enroll, and Are Retained for One Semester, and Retained for One Year 35000 30000Number of Students 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Applied Accepted Enrolled Retained Retained after 1 after 1 year semester University Status
  7. 7. Application, Acceptance and Enrollment rates• 30,256 people applied to Hunter College• 25.1% (7,604 students) who applied to Hunter College were accepted• Of that 25%, 23.5% students chose to enroll (1788 students)
  8. 8. Retention rates• After one semester, 90 students left Hunter• After one year, an additional 198 students left Hunter• In total, 288 students left Hunter within one year.• Hunter College’s retention rate was 83.9%
  9. 9. Applicants
  10. 10. The Total Number of Students who Apply by Race 8000 7000 6000Number of Students 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Asian Black Hispanic White Other
  11. 11. The Total Number of Students who Apply by Race• The largest group of applicants wereHispanics, who made up 23.1% of allapplicants.• The second largest group of applicantswhere Whites which made up 20.8% of theapplicants.• 19.3% of applicants were Asian.• 19.2% of applicants were Black.
  12. 12. Applicants by County 9000 8000Number fo Students 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 County
  13. 13. Applicants by County•The largest amount of applicants came fromQueens County, with 8,377 applicants•Following closely, Kings County (Brooklyn) had8,007 applicants•The number of applicants from every othercounty decreases significantly: the county with thethird largest number of applicants was Bronxcounty with 4,707 applicants•New York and Richmond county had 2958 and1656 applicants respectively
  14. 14. Applicants by County II•Outside of the 5 boroughs, Nassau county had themost applicants with 1,117 total.•The “Select NJ counties” collectively make up 266applicants—this essentially makes NJ countiesirrelevant
  15. 15. Applicants by Race and County Combined 100% 90% black 80% 70% hispanicPercentage 60% white 50% 40% asian 30% 20% 10% 0% Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island County
  16. 16. Applicants by Race and County Combined II 100% 90% 80% 70%Percentage 60% 50% 40% Black 30% Hispanic 20% 10% White 0% Asian County
  17. 17. Applicants by Race and County Combined•In Queens, the number one borough ofapplicants, Asians and Hispanic applicantspredominate•In Brooklyn, Blacks applicants predominate•In Manhattan, Hispanics are the largest group ofapplicants•Outside of the 5 boroughs, White applicants tend topredominate
  18. 18. AdmittedStudents
  19. 19. The Number of Students Who Are Admitted by Race 3000 2500Number of Students 2000 1500 1000 500 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
  20. 20. The Number of Students Who Are Admitted by Race•2,556 White applicants were admitted•2,262 Asian applicants were admitted•Following in distant third place were Hispanics with896 applicants admitted•Only 642 Black applicants were admitted
  21. 21. Admissions Rate by Race 45.00% 40.00% 35.00%Percentage of Students 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% White Asian Hispanic Black Total Race
  22. 22. A Comparison of the Racial Composition of Applicants and Admitted Students Applicants by Race Admitted by Race Hispanic Hispanic White White Asian Asian Black Black
  23. 23. The Percent of Those Who Apply who Are Admitted by Race•Whites had the highest rate of admission with 40.5%of those who applied being admitted.•This is much higher than the rate of admission forBlacks, where only 11.7% of those who applied wereultimately admitted.•The admission rate of White people is also muchhigher than that of Hispanics, of which only 12.8% ofall Hispanic who applied were admitted.•Asian also had a comparatively high admission ratewith 38.7% of Asians who applied were admitted
  24. 24. Admitted Students by County 2500Number of Students 2000 1500 1000 500 0 County
  25. 25. Admitted Students by County• Queens and Brooklyn had the most admitted student
  26. 26. Admissions Rate by County 60.00% 50.00%Percentage of Students 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% County
  27. 27. Admissions Rate by County• Among the five boroughs, the Bronx had by far the lowest admissions rate• Outside the five boroughs, admission rates tended to be much higher, with the highest rate being from Suffolk county with 55% being admitted
  28. 28. Enrollment
  29. 29. Number of Admitted Students who Enroll by Race 800 Total Enrolled: 1788 700Number of Students 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Black Hispanic Asian White Race
  30. 30. Number of Admitted Students who Enroll by Race• Asians and Whites enroll at higher rates with 590 and 698 enrollees respectively
  31. 31. Percentage of Admitted Students 40.00% who Enroll by RacePercent of students who enrolled 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Hispanic Black White Asian Race
  32. 32. Percentage of Admitted Students Who Enroll by RaceDespite having the lowest ratesof admission at ~12%, Hispanicsand Blacks ultimately chose toenroll more often than Whites orAsians, who were admitted atmuch higher rates (38% - 40%)
  33. 33. Enrolled Students by County 700 600Number of Enrolless 500 400 300 200 100 0 County
  34. 34. Enrolled Students by County• Most enrolled students come from Queens and Brooklyn• The total number of enrolled students from the other counties is considerably less.
  35. 35. The Percent of Those Who Are Admitted Who Enroll by County 30.00% 25.00%Percentage of Students 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Queens Kings New York Nassau Bronx Richmond Suffolk Westchester Select NJ Counties County
  36. 36. The Percent of Those Who Are Admitted Who Enroll by County• The five boroughs tend to have higher enrollment rates than the other counties, with the exception of Richmond County (Staten Island), which has the same enrollment rate as Suffolk County
  37. 37. Geographic Mapping ofEnrolled Freshmen Students
  38. 38. Geographic Distribution of Number of Enrolled Freshmen Students by Zip Codes of 11 Counties
  39. 39. Geographic Distribution of Number of Enrolled Students by Zip Codes of 11 Counties
  40. 40. Geographic Distribution of Number of Applicants by Zip Codes of 5 Boroughs
  41. 41. Geographic Distribution of Number of Admitted Freshmen by Zip Codes of 5 Boroughs
  42. 42. Geographic Distribution of Number of Enrolled Students by Zip Codes of the 5 boroughs
  43. 43. Geographic Distribution of Numberof Enrolled Students by Zip Codes of 8 counties• An overwhelming majority of enrolled students come from counties that are in very close proximity to Hunter.
  44. 44. Geographic Distribution of Numberof Enrolled Students by Zip Codes of the 5 boroughs• As we zoom in to examine the 5 boroughs, we can see that most enrollees come from outside of Hunter’s home borough, Manhattan
  45. 45. Location of Select CUNY Senior Colleges
  46. 46. Location of Select CUNY Senior Colleges
  47. 47. Location of Select CUNY Senior Colleges• There are many clusters of Freshmen enrollees who live close to a different CUNY, but choose to attend Hunter instead.• Reasons may include: perceived prestige, a desire to experience Manhattan more fully, etc.
  48. 48. Map of Enrolled Students and MTA Subway Lines
  49. 49. Map of Enrolled Students and MTA Subway Lines• In the map that shows the subway lines, it seems that close proximity to a subway line creates clusters of high enrollment rates. Proximity to a subway line is likely to be a vital factor in deciding whether to attend Hunter or not.
  50. 50. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition of ZipCodes in Bronx County
  51. 51. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in Bronx County
  52. 52. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in Bronx County
  53. 53. Number of Enrollees andMedian Income of Zip Codes in Bronx County• Lower to Middle Class students tend to enroll in higher numbers. However, those in the lowest or highest income bracket do not frequently enroll.
  54. 54. Number of Enrollees and Racial Composition of Zip Codes in Bronx County
  55. 55. Number of Enrollees and Racial Composition of Zip Codes in Bronx County• The areas with the highest enrollment numbers consist of non-white minorities.
  56. 56. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in New YorkCounty (Manhattan)
  57. 57. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in Manhattan
  58. 58. Number of Applicants in Manhattan
  59. 59. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in ManhattanThe Lower East Side has the highest concentration of enrollees,and one of the lowest median incomes in Manhattan.Areas with the highest media incomes have the lowest enrollment
  60. 60. Number of Enrollees and Racial Composition of Zip Codes in Manhattan
  61. 61. Number of Enrollees andRacial Composition of ZipCodes in ManhattanThe zipcode with the highest concentration of enrollees is 10002,which is in the Lower East Side.The areas with the highest concentration of enrollees are minorities.
  62. 62. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in Queens County
  63. 63. Number of Applicants in Queens
  64. 64. Number of Admitted Students in Queens
  65. 65. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in Queens
  66. 66. Number of Enrollees and Racial Composition of Zip Codesin Queens
  67. 67. Number of Enrollees and Racial Composition of ZipCodes in Queens Areas with lowest enrollment are primarily black Ares with the highest enrollment are mixed—some have many Hispanics, some have majority Asian
  68. 68. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in Kings County(Brooklyn)
  69. 69. Number of Applicants in Brooklyn
  70. 70. Number of Admitted Students in Brooklyn
  71. 71. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in Kings(Brooklyn) County Add brooklyn on map
  72. 72. Racial Composition of Kings County (Brooklyn) by Zip Code
  73. 73. Fix me  In brooklyn, in areas that generally have low number of enrolless h Blakc ppl, high enrollment have asian white. Not too many hispani Relationship between race and income is not necessariyl t white areas have hog enrollment, but low income Drawing from white/asian in brooklyn, but these whitesa re Class
  74. 74. Findings• In all four boroughs illustrated, areas with lower to middle class median incomes tend to have more people enrolled• However, zip codes with the lowest median incomes sometimes have 2 or fewer enrollees, especially in the Bronx
  75. 75. Retention
  76. 76. Number of Enrolled Students Who Are Not Retained After 1 Year by Race 140Number of Students 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Black Hispanic Asian White Race
  77. 77. Number of Enrolled Students Who Are Not Retained After 1 Year by Race• The largest racial group of students who are not retained are White students at 130 students (18% of all White enrollees ) leaving Hunter after 1 year• The smallest total group of students who are not retained at Black students with 30 students who leave
  78. 78. Percent of Enrolled Students Who are Not Retained After 1 Year by Race 20.00%Percent of Students 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Asian Hispanic Black White
  79. 79. Percent of Enrolled Students Who are Not Retained After 1 Year by Race• However, even though only 30 Black students left Hunter, this creates a 16% non-retention rate for Black Students, the second largest non- retention rate among racial groups
  80. 80. Number of Students Who are Not Retained After 1 Year by County 90Number of Students 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Change bar colors
  81. 81. The Percent of Those Enrolled Who Are Not Retained After 1 Year by County 35 Change bar color 30Percetnage of Students 25 20 15 10 5 0 Select NJ Westchester Suffolk Nassau Richmond Bronx New York Kings Queens Counties County
  82. 82. The Percent of Those Enrolled Who Are Not Retained After 1 Year by County• The 4 highest non-retention rates by county are from counties that are not the 5 boroughs.• Out of the five boroughs, Bronx had the highest non-retention rate with 21% of all enrolled students eventually leaving Hunter after 1 year• While Kings and Queens county had the largest number of non-retainees, both counties had the lowest rates of non-retention with ~13% leaving
  83. 83. Part II:Transfer Students
  84. 84. Applied, Enrolled, Admitted and Retained Students 35000 30000Number of Students 25000 20000 15000 10000 Freshman 5000 0 Applied Admitted Enrolled Retained Retained 1 sem 1 year Status
  85. 85. Applied, Enrolled, Admitted and Retained Students• 13,139 students applied to transfer into Hunter College compared to 30,256 students applying as freshmen.• There was a 24.8% acceptance rate for transfer students compared to a 25.1% acceptance rate for freshmen• The retention rate (72.5%) of transfer students was significantly smaller than that of freshmen
  86. 86. Applied, Enrolled, Admitted and Retained Students II• Accepted transfer students enrolled at a much higher rate than accepted freshmen students (X%)
  87. 87. Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Applicants By Race 8000 7000Number of Students 6000 5000 4000 3000 Freshmen 2000 1000 0 White Hispanic Black Asian Race
  88. 88. Fix me  Add percetnage chart
  89. 89. Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Applicants By Race• Unlike freshmen applicants, there were more White transfer applicants than Hispanic transfer applicants• The smallest group of transfer applicants were Asians with 1868 student applicants.
  90. 90. Transfer Applicants by County 9000 8000 7000Number of Students 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 County
  91. 91. Transfer Applicants by County• There were more applicants from Manhattan than the Bronx, unlike freshmen applicants where there were were more Bronx applicants than Manhattan• The fewest amount of applicants came from Staten Island, and even Suffolk County had more applicants
  92. 92. Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Admitted Students 3000 2500Number of Students 2000 1500 1000 Freshmen 500 0 White Hispanic Asian Black Race
  93. 93. Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Admitted Students• The largest group of applicants to be admitted were White applicants with 1,207 admitted.• Similar to the freshmen data, the group with the lowest number of admitted students were Black applicants with 452 admitted
  94. 94. Racial Comparison of Admission Rates among Freshmen and Transfers 50.00% 40.00% 30.00%Percent 20.00% Freshmen 10.00% 0.00% White Asian Hispanic Black Race
  95. 95. Racial Comparison of Admission Rates among Freshmen and Transfers• The transfer data mirrors the freshmen data in that the highest rate of admission belongs to White and Asian applicants, while the lower rates are seen in Hispanic and Black applicants
  96. 96. Number of Admitted Transfer Students by County 2500Number of Students 2000 Freshmen 1500 1000 500 0
  97. 97. Number of Admitted Transfer Students by County• Queens and Brooklyn had the highest number of admitted students, which was also true for freshmen
  98. 98. Admission Rate by County 35 30 Students 25 20Percent 15 10 5 0
  99. 99. Admission Rate by County• The highest rate of admission came from Suffolk county (33%), unlike freshmen admission rates where Queens had the highest rate• The lowest admission rate out of all the counties was for the Bronx with a 15% admission rate
  100. 100. The Number of those admitted who enroll by Race 800 700Number of Students 600 500 400 300 Freshmen 200 100 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
  101. 101. Emphasize the previous slideSlect spme tables
  102. 102. The Number of those Admitted who Enroll by Race• White students enrolled as transfers the most
  103. 103. Enrollment Rates by Race 70.00% 60.00% 50.00%Percent of Students 40.00% 30.00% Freshmen Transfer 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Hispanic Black White Asian Race
  104. 104. Enrollment Rates by Race• White students also had the highest enrollment rate as transfers (61%), while freshmen enrollment rates were highest for Hispanics at ~35%• In general, enrollment rates by race were much higher for transfers than freshmen
  105. 105. The Number of Students who Enroll by County 700 600Number of Students 500 400 300 200 Transfer 100 Freshmen 0 County
  106. 106. The Number of Students who Enroll by County Queens and Brooklyn continue to have the highest number of students who enroll
  107. 107. The Percent of Those Admitted Who Enroll by County 60 50 40Percent 30 20 Transfer 10 Freshman 0 County
  108. 108. The Percent of Those Admitted Who Enroll by County• By county, the enrollment rates were much higher than of admitted freshmen• Admitted Suffolk county transfer students were least likely to enroll
  109. 109. Geographic Mapping ofEnrolled Transfer Students
  110. 110. Number of Enrolled Transfer Students by Zip Code of 11 counties
  111. 111. Number of Enrolled Transfer Students by Zip Code of 5 boroughs
  112. 112. Locations of Select CUNY Colleges
  113. 113. Number of Enrolled Transfer Students by Zip Code of 5 boroughsWith Subway Map
  114. 114. Findings• Similar to the results of the mapping of the enrollment numbers of freshmen students, many clusters of higher enrollment rates can be found along subway lines/stops• Manhattan continues to have fewer enrollees despite it being the home borough of Hunter
  115. 115. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in Brooklyn
  116. 116. Number of Enrollees and Median Income of Zip Codes in Brooklyn
  117. 117. Number of Enrollees and Racial Composition of Zip Codes in Brooklyn
  118. 118. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in Manhattan
  119. 119. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in Queens County
  120. 120. Number of Applicantd in Queens
  121. 121. Number of Admitted Students and Racial Composition of Zip Codes inQueens
  122. 122. Number of Enrollees in Queens
  123. 123. Number of Enrollees in Queens
  124. 124. Number of Enrollees in Queens
  125. 125. Mapping of Median Incomeand Racial Composition ofZip Codes in Bronx County
  126. 126. Number of Non-Retained Students by Race 250 200 150Number 100 Transfer Freshmen 50 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
  127. 127. The Percent of Those Enrolled Who Are Not Retained by Race 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00%Percent 25.00% 20.00% Transfer 15.00% Freshmen 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Black Hispanic White Asian Race
  128. 128. Non-retention by Race• As with freshmen students, White students had the highest number of non-retainees• However, White transfer students did not have the highest non-retention rate. The non-retention rate of Black transfer students was the highest rate at ~39% of all Black transfer students leaving Hunter after 1 year
  129. 129. Number of Non-retained Students by County 120 100Number of Students 80 60 40 Transfer 20 Freshmen 0 County
  130. 130. The Percent of Those Enrolled Who 35 Are Non-Retained by County 30 25 20Percent 15 10 Transfer 5 Freshmen 0 County
  131. 131. Non-retention by County• Overall, transfer students tend to leave Hunter after 1 year more than freshmen students• Suffolk, Manhattan, and Brooklyn had the highest non-retention rate
  132. 132. Conclusion
  133. 133. Conclusion• There are many questions and conclusions we can draw from the facts presented today:• There is a higher rate of non-retention among transfer students than freshmen students. Why do transfer students leave Hunter more often?• Why is the admission rate of Hispanic and Black applicants comparatively low for both freshmen and transfer applicants?• Why did only 178 freshmen Black students enroll?• Why exactly do people who live in close to other senior CUNY schools choose to enroll at Hunter instead of their “home” CUNY?
  134. 134. Conclusion II• What can be done to raise the retention rate across the board?• Should we, and if so, how can we, encourage more students from Manhattan to apply to Hunter?• TO BE COMPLETED WITH SUMMARY…
  135. 135. - END -Thank you for your time

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