The Sacred and the Profane

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How are the sacred and the profane seen in the world—and in religion? Are they separate or intertwined? Here are the views of Emile Durkheim, Rudolf Otto, Father Greeley, Peter Berger and others.

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  • Externalization - Outpouring into the world, both physical and mental activity Objectivation- Our ideas become real to us as facts, as reality external to ourselves Internalization - We take it in and transform it into our subjective consciousness
  • Without process, an organization would wither and die; without structure, action would be disorganized and aimless.
  • The Sacred and the Profane

    1. 1. The Sacred and Profanein Religion
    2. 2. ExternalizationCreating SymbolsPeter Berger, The Sacred CanopyObjectificationInternalization
    3. 3. Structure - resistant to changeStructure and Process in ReligionProcess - action andmovementRoberts, Religion in Sociological Perspective
    4. 4. We have profound impact on each otherSymbolic Interaction TheoryAct on basis of meaningMeanings derived through interactionSymbols have meaning beyondthemselvesRoberts, Religion in Sociological Perspective
    5. 5. AmbiguoussituationsSocial Construction of RealityRoberts, Religion in Sociological PerspectiveLook to each other fordefinitionsWe ‘construct’ reality
    6. 6. Emile Durkheim1858 - 1917
    7. 7. Sacred - religionSacred and ProfaneProfane - everything else
    8. 8. Sacred RealmProfaneSymbolsRituals
    9. 9. Sacred Realm
    10. 10. Rudolf Otto1869 - 1937
    11. 11. mysterium tremendum et fascinansthe mysterious, tremendous, and fascinatingThe Holy
    12. 12. provokes awe and fearunapproachablepower, energy, urgencywholly ‘otherness’fascination and attractionThe Holy
    13. 13. experience of the Holy
    14. 14. Andrew Greeley1928 -
    15. 15. What we value we raiseto the level of the sacred
    16. 16. meaningful interpretation of eventsneed for relatedness with othersThe Sacred Experience
    17. 17. intensityfrequencyNon-rational religious experiences vary:contextcontentThose who value them, have them
    18. 18. “The totality of human products.”CulturePeter Berger, The Sacred Canopy“Religion is the attempt to see theuniverse as humanly significant.”Religion
    19. 19. ReferencesBerger, Peter (1967). The Sacred Canopy. NY: Random House.Roberts, Keith (2000). Religion in Sociological Perspective. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
    20. 20. Entelechy Productions (2013)

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