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The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
The West And The World – Imperialism V2008
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The West And The World – Imperialism V2008

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  • 1. THE WEST AND THE WORLD – IMPERIALISM 1850-1910 Eastview High School – AP European History McKay, et al., 8 th edition – Chapter 26 Section 1
  • 2. Essential Questions
    • How and why did this many-sided, epoch-making expansion occur in the 19 th century?
    • Why does such an enormous gap develop between Great Britain/developed countries and the ‘Third World countries by 1970?
  • 3. The Rise of Global Inequality
    • Examine the graph on page 856 of your text.
    • What are the causes of this enormous gap between developed and ‘third world’ countries by 1970?
    • Industrial Revolution caused a growing gap between Europe/North America and the non-industrializing areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America
      • 1750 standard of living in Europe was equal to the rest of the world. By 1970 it was 25 x that of the poor countries.
      • The gap was produced by industrialization . 3 rd world didn’t make gains until after 1945.
  • 4. Theories re: Global Inequality
    • Jared Diamond has postulated an interesting theory revolving around the European development of Guns, Germs, and Steel . His best-selling book explains his research.
    • West gains because of use of science and technology.
    • West uses it’s economic and political power to steal riches.
    • Most agree that both theories are applicable in varying degrees depending on the country and situation.
  • 5. World Colonial Holdings Prior to World War I
    • Notice the vast expanse of the British Empire which included Canada, India, Australia, and a north-south route through Africa.
    • GB is the most powerful country in the world by 1914.
  • 6. The World Market
      • Railroad, steamship, refrigeration, other technological advancements revolutionize trade patterns.
    • World trade expanding meant economy was interlocked centered in and directed by Europe.
    • Great Britain used trade to link world.
        • Its empire was a market for manufactured goods.
        • Prohibited colonies from raising protective tariffs so it was tough to develop own industries .
        • Britain wanted to eliminate all tariffs on traded goods. This free-trade stimulated world trade .
  • 7. Suez and Panama Canals
      • Railroad, steamship, refrigeration, other technological advancements revolutionize trade patterns.
      • Suez and Panama canals, modern port facilities foster intercontinental trade.
    Suez Canal Panama Canal
  • 8. Investing Capital
    • Where did the largest share of European foreign investment go to specifically?
      • 1840, Europeans invested capital abroad and in other European countries
        • Most exported capital went to US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Latin America. Went for infrastructure (ports, RR)
        • Investment enabled more land to be settled by Europeans, pushing the native peoples out .
  • 9. The Opening of China
    • European trade with China increased, but needed to use force.
      • China was self-sufficient, never interested in European goods . Qing dynasty regulated trade
      • British/Chinese clash over opium and opening of Chinese ports.
      • Opium War 1839-1842 led to British taking Hong Kong and opening of 4 cities. (Treaty of Nanking)
  • 10. The Opening of Japan
    • Japan also unwilling to trade/diplomatic relations with West
      • Maintain isolation
      • Persecution of Christians and attack on foreign vessels led Americans to believe they blocked their destined role in the Pacific .
      • American fleet under Perry “opened” Japan in 1853 with threats of naval bombardment .
  • 11. Western Advances in Egypt
    • Muhammad Ali built modern state in Turkish-held Egypt, attracted European traders.
      • Drafted peasants, reformed government, improved communications
      • Peasants lost out because land converted from self-sufficient farms to large private landholdings to grow cash crops for export.
  • 12. Financial Problems in Egypt
    • Khedive Ismail continued modernization, including Suez canal, but put country deep into debt.
    • To prevent Egypt from going bankrupt, Britain and France intervene politically.
    • Foreign financial control provokes a violent nationalistic reaction in Egypt, leads to British occupation of country until 1956.
  • 13. Questions for your review
    • The gaps in average wealth and well-being among countries and regions is the result of ?
    • What factors facilitated the growth of world trade after 1840?
    • Where did the largest share of European foreign investment go to specifically ?
    • Why did Japan open its shores to western trade?
    • The influx of asian immigrants into Australia and N. America was blocked at the turn of the century by ?
    • British intervention in Egypt that began in 1867 and culminated with a military takeover in 1882 was a dramatic break with earlier 19 th century European expansion because ?
    • What does Ahmed Arabi represent to western imperialism?

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