Romantic literature first developed fully in Britain, as exemplified by the poets Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Byron, Shelley, and Keats.
Wordsworth was influenced by the ideas of Rousseau and the spirit of the early French Revolution.
Wordsworth and Coleridge rejected classical rules of poetry; Wordsworth’s work points to the power of nature to elevate and instruct.
One of the best examples of his romantic credo is his poem “Daffodils.”
The Scottish novelist and poet Walter Scott romanticized history through a series of historical novels.
I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o’er vales and hills, Whan all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
The Greek struggle for freedom and independence won the enthusiastic support of liberals, nationalists, and romantics. The Ottoman Turks were portrayed as cruel oppressors who were holding back the course of history, as in this moving masterpiece by Delacroix.
In the last years of Napoleon's rule Géricault painted the military myth on a grand scale and interested David . With the Restoration, he was painting subjects of barbaric violence and accumulating studies of injuries and executions when history provided him with the shipwreck of an ill fated expedition and the desperate suffering of the survivors. Within a year he had painted The Raft of the Medusa , a picture of pathos and protest outstanding in the history of art. It equipped romantic realism with a terrific commitment to humanity and an equally terrific style, in which the ruthlessness of the square brushed modeling and the livid light were unforgettably compelling.