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Global Powerpoint- Max, Kira, Mona, Victoria

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    1. 1. Kingdoms of Southeast Asia & Korea Prepared By: Kira Max Mona Victoria
    2. 2. Kingdoms of Southeast Asia & Korea <ul><li>Located near the southern part of China, smaller kingdoms were culturally influenced by China & India </li></ul><ul><li>The Korean peninsula, China’s northeast, includes North Korea and South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Under the influence of China, many small and successful kingdoms arose in Southeast Asia & Korea </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese culture still influences both places today </li></ul>KC
    3. 3. Geography: Southeast Asia <ul><li>River valleys of Southeast Asia glorified and left behind many beautiful monuments </li></ul><ul><li>The two main parts include the mainland peninsula & important other islands </li></ul><ul><li>The people lived in very warm and humid islands 7 long periods of rain were caused by monsoon rains </li></ul>KC
    4. 4. Geography: Southeast Asia (Cont.) <ul><li>United neither by government or culture, islands were separated by the sea </li></ul><ul><li>As time passed a plethora of different people began to settle on the island </li></ul><ul><li>It’s control over sea trade routes bought Southeast Asia great political power </li></ul>KC
    5. 5. Geography: Southeast Asia (Cont.) The Strait of Malacca connected the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. KC
    6. 6. - Indian merchant boats first arrived in southeast Asia by the first century A.D. - India’s religion , languages, and art forms are all integrated into current Asian culture. - Buddhism and Hinduism made a large impact of their political shaping of Asia. - India’s ancient Sanskrit language became the Asians poetry basis. Buddha Brahma - Chinese culture spread southward through migration and trade. - Through tribute or direct rule the Chinese exerted political influence over some of mainland southeast Asia. Om: A commonly known Sanskrit symbol MB
    7. 7. - Located in present day Cambodia. <ul><li>By 800, an early Khmer king Funan expanded their state into an empire and monopolized much of the sea trade between India and China, reaching their peak at 1200. </li></ul>- Irrigation systems and waterways let them grow three to four crops of rice a year. - Angkor Wat, made by the Khmer ruler Angkor to appreciate the Hindu god Vishnu. MB
    8. 8. - The Sailendra dynasty ruled an agricultural kingdom on the island of Java. - The Sailendra dynasty was taken over by the Srivijaya empire. They peaked between the 7 th and 13 th centuries, and ruled the Strait of Malacca and other waters around the islands of Sumatra, Borneo and Java. - The Srivijaya gained their power by taxing the trade that passed through its waters. - The capital Palembang, or Sumatra became a great center of Buddhist learning where Chinese monks could study as an alternative to traveling to India. Sailendra Buddhist Temple at Borobudur built around 800. MB
    9. 9. Vietnam MT
    10. 10. KOREAN DYNASTIES The Korean state was founded by a legendary hero named Tan’gun, whose father was a god and the mother was a bear. Another legend says the state was founded by the Chinese Shang Dynasty. These legends show how Koreans were highly influenced by Chinese cultures. Although Koreans created their own traditions, they also adapted the Chinese cultures, blending it in to the Korean native traditions. MT
    11. 11. MT
    12. 12. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clans and tribes controlled parts of Korea </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 108BC, the Chinese Han Empire took over Korea and established a military government and centralized government (Confucianism, Buddhism) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The tribes created three federations in Korea each which ruled three different kingdoms in Korea </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Silla, one of the three federations, defeated the other two kingdoms and defeated the Chinese that had conquered Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Silla built temples and monasteries for Buddha practices </li></ul><ul><li>Silla built sculptures of bronze and stone </li></ul><ul><li>Koreans used the Chinese characters for their writing system </li></ul>The three rulers of the tree federation kingdoms (from the left, Paekje, Koguryo and Silla) MT
    13. 13. The Koryu Dynasty Lasted from 935 to 1392. Found by Wang Kon. Influenced by China. VS
    14. 14. <ul><li>Koryu Dynasty was divided in two. </li></ul><ul><li>Land aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Others…including military, commoners, and slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>1231, Mongols came to Korea and threatened them in exchange of 20,000 horses, clothes for 1 million soldiers, and children to be later become slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>1392 Koryu dynasty became overthrown </li></ul><ul><li>Choson Dynasty took over for 518 years. </li></ul>VS
    15. 15. Koryu Culture <ul><li>Created pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Milky green glaze </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the national history of Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures from Buddishism </li></ul>VS
    16. 16. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vietnam slide” </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam Map . Map. 2007. 5 Feb. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Geography of Korea” Slide (flat) </li></ul><ul><li>Map. 2007. 5 Feb. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Geography of Korea” Slide (geographical) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Maps of Asia – Physical Classroom Maps . Map. 2008. 5 Feb 2008 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Early History” Slide </li></ul><ul><li>Korean Attire . Art. 2008. 5 Feb. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bibliography (Cont.) <ul><li>Image 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Image 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Image 3: </li></ul><ul><li>Image 4: </li></ul><ul><li>Image 5: </li></ul><ul><li>Image 1: (Map of Southeast Asia) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 2: (Buddha) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 3: (Brahma) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 4: (Om) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 5: (Cambodia) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 6: (Angkor Wat) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 7: (Java Island) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    18. 18. Bibliography (Cont.) <ul><li>Image 8: ( Borobudur Temple) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Image 9: ( Palembang Sumatra Capital Map) MB </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>