Indonesia ina018 1366698387


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Indonesia ina018 1366698387

  1. 1. Over-the-Top (OTT) : A Regulator's Perspective Dr. Sigit Puspito Wigati ( Commissioner at Indonesian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (BRTI) APEC-TEL 47 Regulatory Roundtable Denpasar, Indonesia 23-April-2012
  2. 2. Outline • What is OTT • How OTT operates • OTT implications on Regulation
  3. 3. OTT - the definition • OTT – Over-the-Top stands for applications and services that do not have any infra structure • The term OTT (Over-The-Top) is used to refer to the content or services provided over an infrastructure that’s not under the control of the service provider or infrastructure operator. • It started out referring to audio and video content, but recently has expanded to any service or content in general available on the internet.
  4. 4. Why OTT become an Issue ?
  5. 5. Why OTT become an Issue? • OTT apps offer 'free' services to utilize connectivity • OTT services break the relationship with consumer and risk Telco operators being seen as 'dumb pipes' • ..
  6. 6. OTT vs Telco battlegrounds • • • • Battleground #1: Battleground #2: Battleground #3: Battleground #4: Mobile voice Messaging Media Cloud services
  7. 7. Net-neutrality • Traditionally, the term has been used to define a principle of non-discrimination of Internet content by Internet service providers, but I have seen it used in a broader fashion to include other concepts such as blocking, censorship and connectivity. • In short, net neutrality could be loosely defined as a principle that advocates that all Internet content is created equal.
  8. 8. Net neutrality : BB developing economy perspective • Traffic shaping and throttling is of less concern if significant amount population is not broadband ready at all, and where broadband speeds are not up to scratch. • This may sound defeatist, but it is a reality for large numbers of people in the world. • Let’s first tackle the digital divide (which after all these years, still exists), and then let’s worry about equal access to content.
  9. 9. • The reason why network neutrality is an issue is due to the design of the Internet. The Internet boasts three interesting design qualities that separate this medium from other telecommunications media. • First, the Internet comprises a number of layers . In other words, functional tasks are divided up and assigned to different layers. • Secondly, the Internet operates in an end-to-end design where applications are implemented on the Internet. • Third, the design of Internet Protocol (IP) separates the underlying networks from the services that reside on layers above them. From its inception, IP was designed to be an open standard (Cerf, 2009).
  10. 10. 'For every place/economy, there is an place/economy /economy, an appropriate word/debate/discussion' • "When we deal with telecoms companies we are so strict with privacy of users. It is a criminal offence when any data of a user is given away or used. But when it is OTT players there is no oversight. The Europeans have done so much work in this area, in data protection and privacy. They've done massive work to protect consumer data, but from a global perspective, there is no single entity looking at it in more depth. Perhaps down the road with WCIT we will discuss it." [Mohamed Al Ghanem - WCIT 2012 Chairman]
  11. 11. #1 categorization of Internet BB mature economies Internet BB developing economies Anything Internet is the internet has two classified as content parts - a content element and an infrastructure element "A key problem in the USA is that anything Internet is classified as content, while the rest of the world categorises the internet in two parts - a content element and an infrastructure element. Without a proper separation between these two elements it was impossible to reach consensus," [Paul Budde]
  12. 12. #2 revenues from BB access BB mature economies Revenue BB developing economies OTT get more Goes to OTT players revenues vs. Telco (mostly global) vs. to return the investment. the Telco operators (mostly national / domestic). In either case, the Telco revenue is partly money will be used for BB expansion. contributed to the country. Telco-OTT and Domestic-OTT strategies may reduce the gap.
  13. 13. #3 impact on BB developments BB mature economies "Internet is free" BB developing economies Increase utilisation of the already built infrastructure. The more traffic, the better utilisation of the network. Increase utilisation of the already built infrastructure. At the same time, no contribution for further network expansion to underserved areas.
  14. 14. Thanks. • Terima kasih.