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The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
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The French and Indian War


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  • 1. The French and Indian War By Brad Dougherty & Peter Shim
  • 2. Origins of the War
    • By the 1750’s, English and French settlements were expanding
    • The French had claimed a region of the interior stretching from The Great Lakes south to Louisiana
    • To secure their hold, the French built up communities and fortresses
  • 3. Origins of the War (cont’d)
    • The English were preparing to spread across the Appalachian Mtns.
    • In 1749 a group of Virginia businessmen secured 500,000 acres of Ohio Valley land for settlement
    • The French, in an effort to keep the English from expanding, constructed new fortresses in the Ohio Valley
  • 4. Origins of the War (cont’d)
    • The English interpreted this as a threat to their settlements and began to make military preparations
  • 5. Claims to North America before 1750
  • 6. Beginning of the War
    • In the summer of 1745, the governor of Virginia sent a militia force into the Ohio Valley to challenge French expansion
    • This militia was led by an inexperienced young colonel named George Washington
  • 7. Fort Necessity
    • Washington built a small fort called Fort Necessity
    • After an unsuccessful attack on the French, the French trapped Washington and his troops inside the fort
    • After a third of his troops were killed, Washington was forced to surrender
  • 8. 1754 - 1756
    • Primarily a North American Conflict
    • Dominated by French
    • Most Indian tribes allied with the French
    • Colonists had to manage the war themselves
  • 9. 1756 – 1758
    • Governments of France and Britain formally opened hostilities
    • In 1757, the English secretary of state William Pitt started to bring the war effort under control of the British government
    • This caused resentment from the colonists
    • By 1758, the friction between the colonists and the British threatened to bring the war efforts to a halt
  • 10. 1758 - 1760
    • This caused Pitt to relax some of the policies
    • Resulted in an immediate increase in colonist support
    • Pitt dispatched a large number of additional troops
    • In July 1759, the fortress of Louisbourg was captured by Jeffrey Amherst and James Wolfe
    • In September, Quebec fell to Wolfe and his army
    • A year later, the French formally surrendered
  • 11. Land Reorganization
    • Britain gained control over half the North American continent, including:
      • French Canada
      • All French territorial claims east of the Mississippi River
      • Spanish Florida
    • In return, Britain gave Cuba and the Philippines back to Spain
    • France compensated its Spanish ally for the loss of Florida by giving it title to all of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River
  • 12. Effects on the British Empire
    • Meant that expansion could continue westward into the New World
    • Caused substantial debt
    • Generated much resentment towards the colonists
    • Set plans in motion to have greater control over the colonies
  • 13. Effects on the Indian Tribes
    • All the tribes that had allied with the French were now left alienated, and on bad terms with the British
    • The Iroquois continued to contest British control of the Ohio River Valley
  • 14. Effects on American Colonists
    • Learned to unite
    • Left lots of space to colonize, but the British decided otherwise
    • The British proclaimed that no one could settle west of the Allegheny Mtns.
    • They set up a permanent army, paid for by the colonists’ taxes, to keep them from expanding
    • This infuriated the colonists
    • These policies became a major part in the reasons behind the American Revolution
  • 15. Bibliography