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The French and Indian War
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The French and Indian War

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    The French and Indian War The French and Indian War Presentation Transcript

    • The French and Indian War By Brad Dougherty & Peter Shim
    • Origins of the War
      • By the 1750’s, English and French settlements were expanding
      • The French had claimed a region of the interior stretching from The Great Lakes south to Louisiana
      • To secure their hold, the French built up communities and fortresses
    • Origins of the War (cont’d)
      • The English were preparing to spread across the Appalachian Mtns.
      • In 1749 a group of Virginia businessmen secured 500,000 acres of Ohio Valley land for settlement
      • The French, in an effort to keep the English from expanding, constructed new fortresses in the Ohio Valley
    • Origins of the War (cont’d)
      • The English interpreted this as a threat to their settlements and began to make military preparations
    • Claims to North America before 1750
    • Beginning of the War
      • In the summer of 1745, the governor of Virginia sent a militia force into the Ohio Valley to challenge French expansion
      • This militia was led by an inexperienced young colonel named George Washington
    • Fort Necessity
      • Washington built a small fort called Fort Necessity
      • After an unsuccessful attack on the French, the French trapped Washington and his troops inside the fort
      • After a third of his troops were killed, Washington was forced to surrender
    • 1754 - 1756
      • Primarily a North American Conflict
      • Dominated by French
      • Most Indian tribes allied with the French
      • Colonists had to manage the war themselves
    • 1756 – 1758
      • Governments of France and Britain formally opened hostilities
      • In 1757, the English secretary of state William Pitt started to bring the war effort under control of the British government
      • This caused resentment from the colonists
      • By 1758, the friction between the colonists and the British threatened to bring the war efforts to a halt
    • 1758 - 1760
      • This caused Pitt to relax some of the policies
      • Resulted in an immediate increase in colonist support
      • Pitt dispatched a large number of additional troops
      • In July 1759, the fortress of Louisbourg was captured by Jeffrey Amherst and James Wolfe
      • In September, Quebec fell to Wolfe and his army
      • A year later, the French formally surrendered
    • Land Reorganization
      • Britain gained control over half the North American continent, including:
        • French Canada
        • All French territorial claims east of the Mississippi River
        • Spanish Florida
      • In return, Britain gave Cuba and the Philippines back to Spain
      • France compensated its Spanish ally for the loss of Florida by giving it title to all of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River
    • Effects on the British Empire
      • Meant that expansion could continue westward into the New World
      • Caused substantial debt
      • Generated much resentment towards the colonists
      • Set plans in motion to have greater control over the colonies
    • Effects on the Indian Tribes
      • All the tribes that had allied with the French were now left alienated, and on bad terms with the British
      • The Iroquois continued to contest British control of the Ohio River Valley
    • Effects on American Colonists
      • Learned to unite
      • Left lots of space to colonize, but the British decided otherwise
      • The British proclaimed that no one could settle west of the Allegheny Mtns.
      • They set up a permanent army, paid for by the colonists’ taxes, to keep them from expanding
      • This infuriated the colonists
      • These policies became a major part in the reasons behind the American Revolution
    • Bibliography
      • http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/E/7yearswar/fiw03.htm
      • http://encarta.msn.com/media_461516744_761575603_-1_1/French_and_Indian_War.html
      • http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761575603/French_and_Indian_War.html
      • http://www.learner.org/biographyofamerica/prog03/maps/page02.html