Environmental Racism

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  • Brad Introduction
  • Environmental Racism

    1. 1. Environmental Racism Brad Dougherty Joe Tucci
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What is Environmental Racism? </li></ul><ul><li>Gives environmental agencies too much power </li></ul><ul><li>Detrimental to poor communities </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents companies from expanding their business in the United States </li></ul>
    3. 3. Environmental Racism <ul><li>“Decisions that restrict certain people or groups of people to polluted or degraded environments on the basis of race.” </li></ul><ul><li>-from Environmental Racism by William P. Cunningham. Published by McGraw Hill </li></ul>
    4. 4. History of Environmental Racism <ul><li>“Environmental Justice” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider economic and health needs of poor communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established the “disparate impact” standard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disparate Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike “discriminatory intent” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only requires evidence of an “effect” of discriminating </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Environmental Laws <ul><li>Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Loose interpretation of law </li></ul><ul><li>Federal intervention in local issues </li></ul>
    6. 6. Low-income Families <ul><li>Some EJ laws contradict others in place to benefit low-income families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-income housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal job programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleanup of low-income and minority areas </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Economic Growth <ul><li>Blocking economic growth in places that need it </li></ul><ul><li>Forcing companies to relocate elsewhere and even overseas </li></ul><ul><li>The rich get richer and the poor get poorer </li></ul>
    8. 8. Shintech <ul><li>$700 million plant in Romeville, Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Passed all state and federal emissions tests </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to hire 35% of labor force locally and use local construction companies </li></ul><ul><li>$5.8 million to schools from taxes </li></ul><ul><li>But they were going to be in a predominately black area, so Greenpeace prevented construction </li></ul>
    9. 9. Shintech Relocation
    10. 10. Groups against EPA <ul><li>Environmental Council of States </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of Counties </li></ul><ul><li>The National Association of Black Officials </li></ul><ul><li>14 Attorney Generals </li></ul><ul><li>Western Governor’s Association </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Chamber of Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>National Black Chamber of Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>17 States </li></ul>

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