Major depressive disorder powerpoint

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This is a project for a high school AP Psychology course. This is a fictionalized account of having a psychological ailment. For questions about this blog project and its content please email the …

This is a project for a high school AP Psychology course. This is a fictionalized account of having a psychological ailment. For questions about this blog project and its content please email the teacher Chris Jocham: jocham@fultonschools.org

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  • 1. Major Depressive Disorder
  • 2. Overview
    • Major depressive disorder is more commonly known as just depression
    • Women are two times more likely to be afflicted by major depressive disorder than men are
    • Causes widely vary from psychological to physiological to biological
  • 3.  
  • 4. Symptoms
    • A person suffering from major depressive disorder generally exhibits various symptoms such as:
    • Low mood
    • An inability to experience happiness
    • Preoccupation with feelings of worthlessness
    • In severe cases, psychosis
  • 5. Diagnosis
    • Most cases of major depressive disorder are diagnosed through:
    • the patient’s self-reported experiences,
    • behavior reported by people close to the patient,
    • and a mental examination
  • 6.  
  • 7. Biological Causes
    • Decreased serotonin levels
    • Decreased serotonin levels caused levels of norepinephrine to drop
    • To counteract this, various medications attempt to increase the amount of neurotransmitters
  • 8. Psychological Causes
    • One major factor is personality
    • The development of personality and the personality itself are integral components to determining whether an individual suffers from depression
  • 9. Social Causes
    • Social isolation may cause major depressive disorder
    • Another noted cause is poverty
    • Abuse also increase the likelihood of depression
    • Social support and stressful life events are two other notable factors
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Treatment
    • The most common form of treatment is medication
    • Various prescription medications exist for the purpose of treating depression, including Prozac and Zoloft
    • Therapy is also effective
  • 13.  
  • 14. Prognosis
    • Most depressive episodes will eventually end over a period of time
    • Episodes can range from weeks to years
    • After an episode ends, there is a chance that a patient will experience another depressive episode
  • 15.  
  • 16. History
    • In ancient times, renowned Greek physician Hippocrates determined that people were affected by a disease of melancholia
    • Freud too identified this disease of melancholia, which today is known as clinical depression
    • After Freud, various psychologists theorized that depression was caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters
    • Now, there is a wide variety of definitions for depression, although the most accepted definition appears in the DSM
  • 17.  
  • 18. Famous People Who Suffered from Depression
    • Abraham Lincoln was noted to have suffered from “melancholia”
    • Famed psychologists William James and John Watson are said to have suffered from depression
    • Sir Winston Churchill, who also suffered from depression, popularized the term “black dog” in reference to depression
  • 19.  
  • 20. Bibliography
    • Psychology, 8 th Edition by David Myers
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_depressive_disorder
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depression_(mood)