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Kids as Deciders
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Kids as Deciders

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How to find opportunities for decision-making in the standard, static K-12 curriculum. How to scaffold decision-making skills in ways that generalize to life outside of school.

How to find opportunities for decision-making in the standard, static K-12 curriculum. How to scaffold decision-making skills in ways that generalize to life outside of school.

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Kids as Deciders Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
  • 2. Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Summarize Design Decide Create Predict
  • 8. Adult life is full of decisions
  • 9. Adult life is full of decisions
  • 10. Adult life is full of decisions
  • 11. Adult life is full of decisions
  • 12. Adult life is full of decisions
  • 13. Adult life is full of decisions
  • 14. Decisions we allow kids to make
    • Which book would you like to do your report on?
    • Do you want to be the record-keeper, the spokesperson or the artist?
    • Color the sky with whatever crayon you like
  • 15. A decision I have to make…
  • 16.  
  • 17. First….
    • Ask yourself, when do adults need to apply this content?
  • 18. Second…
    • Look for (or create) disequilibrium
  • 19. Strategy 1: Create an Opportunity
    • Identify (or make up) an opportunity for action that requires choosing from among alternatives .
  • 20. Strategy 2: Recommend a Solution
    • Identify a real problem over which there is strong disagreement and decide on what to recommend .
  • 21. Strategy 3: Change the Situation
    • Change the situation to create new problems that someone needs to decide how to respond to .
  • 22. Create an Opportunity
  • 23. Create an Opportunity
  • 24. Create an Opportunity
  • 25. Recommend a Solution
  • 26. Change the Situation
  • 27. To summarize, look for one of these:
    • Opportunity for improvement
    • Responding to an existing problem
    • Responding to a new situation
    • … and pick situations that require learning what you need them to learn.
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30. Teaching decision-making skills
    • Should occur in context, not isolation
    • Should provide reusable techniques
    • Ultimately should be internalized by repeated practice
  • 31. Don’t just flip a coin…
  • 32. PMI Technique
    • Make a list of aspects of the choice to be made.
    • Mark each one as Plus, Minus or Interesting
    • Optionally, put a number from 1 to 10 to indicate how important each aspect is
    • Total up the number of items in each column
    http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_05.htm
  • 33. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting
  • 34. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper
  • 35. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one Won’t be ready for Spring Break If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper It may break again in 18 months or less We could get a new one immediately
  • 36. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one Won’t be ready for Spring Break Repairman says LCD is better than plasma If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper It may break again in 18 months or less We could get a new one immediately
  • 37. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one (+5) Won’t be ready for Spring Break (-3) Repairman says LCD is better than plasma If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper (+7) It may break again in 18 months or less (-4) We could get a new one immediately (-4) 12 -11
  • 38. Another technique: Decision Trees
    • Useful for decisions more complicated than yes/no.
    • Breaks down big decisions into a series of smaller ones.
    • Allows you to evaluate the end points to see which path is best.
  • 39. Bernie’s Plasma Decision Tree $1800 $2400 $800 7/10 10/10 10/10
  • 40. Other Techniques to Try
    • Pareto Analysis
    • Grid Analysis
    • Force Field Analysis
  • 41. A Great Resource http://www.mindtools.com
  • 42.
    • A practice problem…
  • 43.  
  • 44. What shall we do?
    • First, count off by 6’s.
  • 45. 6 Thinking Hats
  • 46. 1. Blue Hat
    • Hat worn by people chairing meetings.
    • Pays attention to the process and directs the other hats to pitch in
  • 47. 2. White Hat
    • focus on the data available.
    • look at the information you have, and see
    • look for gaps in your knowledge, and either try to fill them or take account of them.
  • 48. 3. Green Hat
    • stands for creativity. This is where you can develop creative solutions to a problem.
    • freewheeling way of thinking, in which there is little criticism of ideas.
  • 49. 4. Red Hat
    • looks at problems using intuition, gut reaction, and emotion.
    • tries to think how other people will react emotionally.
    • tries to understand the responses of people who do not fully know your reasoning.
  • 50. 5. Yellow Hat
    • the optimistic viewpoint that helps you to see all the benefits of the decision and the value in it.
    • helps you to keep going when everything looks gloomy and difficult.
  • 51. 6. Black Hat
    • looks at all the bad points of the decision.
    • tries to see why it might not work.
    • highlights the weak points in a plan.
  • 52.
    • You have 7 minutes to decide on what we should do
  • 53.
    • Time’s up!
  • 54. In conclusion…
    • Look for decisions your kids can make as part of learning what they need to learn
      • Create an opportunity
      • Recommend a solution to an existing problem
      • Change the situation
    • Scaffold that decision-making experience by providing techniques that they can use outside of class
      • PMI
      • Decision trees
      • Six Thinking Hats
  • 55. Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University Webquest.org/workshops/decider
  • 56.