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Presentation from Day 1 of a two Saturday class on PBL and Decision Making. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec700/DM/

Presentation from Day 1 of a two Saturday class on PBL and Decision Making. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec700/DM/

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  • 1. EDTEC 700 Using Problem-Based Learning to Enhance Decision-Making Skills Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
  • 2. Objectives
    • Distinguish among problem-based, project-based and traditional learning
    • Design a complete problem-based lesson
    • Teach decision-making skills in the context of authentic problems
  • 3. Logistics: Wikispaces
  • 4. Self-Introductions
    • Who do you teach or design for?
    • What experience do you have with problem-based learning either as a learner or a teacher?
  • 5. Experiencing PBL
    • Divide into groups of 5 or 6
    • Read the provided link
    • Decide on what the problem is
  • 6. Getting Del.icio.us
  • 7. Log in to our Wikispace
  • 8. Steps in PBL
    • Determine whether a problem exists.
    • Create an exact statement of the problem.
    • Identify information needed to understand the problem.
    • Gather information and organize it.
    • Generate possible solutions.
    • Decide on a solution.
    • Present the solution.
    • Reflect on & evaluate.
    Finkle and Torp, 1995
  • 9. 1. Determine whether a problem exists
    • List what you know
    • Look for…
      • Harm
      • Injustice
      • Waste
      • Unhappiness
      • … any deviations from the ideal
  • 10. 2. Create an exact statement of the problem
    • What are the gaps between what exists and what should exist?
  • 11. 3. Identify information needed to understand the problem
    • Facts
    • Definitions
    • History
    • Players
    • Experts
    • Etc.
  • 12. 4. Gather information and organize it
    • Google
    • Wikipedia
    • Library
    • Newspapers
  • 13. 5. Generate possible solutions
    • Quantity over quality at first
    • Piggyback
    • Think metaphorically
    • Think positive
  • 14. 6. Decide on a solution
    • Weigh and consider all choices
    • Combine choices if needed
    • Be able to justify your choice
  • 15. 7. Present the solution
    • Be…
    • Organized
    • Pithy
    • Complete
    • Persuasive
  • 16. 8. Reflect, evaluate, revise
    • If you can implement the solution, do so and gather data on its effectiveness
    • If implementation (by you) is not possible, return to your solution after some time and revisit it.
  • 17. Traditional Learning Problem-based Learning Project-based Learning Exercise 2
  • 18. PMI Technique
    • Make a list of aspects of the choice to be made.
    • Mark each one as Plus, Minus or Interesting
    • Total up the number of items in each column
    http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_05. htm
  • 19. PMI Technique http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_05. htm
  • 20. Grid Analysis
    • Create a table of important aspects of the decision (columns) and the things you’re choosing among (rows)
    • Give a score for each choice for each aspect
    • Weight the scores and calculate the sums.
    http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_03. htm
  • 21. Grid Analysis http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_03. htm
  • 22. Finding Problems to Learn from
    • Start with outcomes
    • Ask yourself: where is this skill or knowledge applied in the world?
    • Find or fabricate a situation in which something is not optimal that requires that skill/knowledge.