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Presentation from Day 1 of a two Saturday class on PBL and Decision Making. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec700/DM/

Presentation from Day 1 of a two Saturday class on PBL and Decision Making. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec700/DM/

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    Day1 Day1 Presentation Transcript

    • EDTEC 700 Using Problem-Based Learning to Enhance Decision-Making Skills Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
    • Objectives
      • Distinguish among problem-based, project-based and traditional learning
      • Design a complete problem-based lesson
      • Teach decision-making skills in the context of authentic problems
    • Logistics: Wikispaces
    • Self-Introductions
      • Who do you teach or design for?
      • What experience do you have with problem-based learning either as a learner or a teacher?
    • Experiencing PBL
      • Divide into groups of 5 or 6
      • Read the provided link
      • Decide on what the problem is
    • Getting Del.icio.us
    • Log in to our Wikispace
    • Steps in PBL
      • Determine whether a problem exists.
      • Create an exact statement of the problem.
      • Identify information needed to understand the problem.
      • Gather information and organize it.
      • Generate possible solutions.
      • Decide on a solution.
      • Present the solution.
      • Reflect on & evaluate.
      Finkle and Torp, 1995
    • 1. Determine whether a problem exists
      • List what you know
      • Look for…
        • Harm
        • Injustice
        • Waste
        • Unhappiness
        • … any deviations from the ideal
    • 2. Create an exact statement of the problem
      • What are the gaps between what exists and what should exist?
    • 3. Identify information needed to understand the problem
      • Facts
      • Definitions
      • History
      • Players
      • Experts
      • Etc.
    • 4. Gather information and organize it
      • Google
      • Wikipedia
      • Library
      • Newspapers
    • 5. Generate possible solutions
      • Quantity over quality at first
      • Piggyback
      • Think metaphorically
      • Think positive
    • 6. Decide on a solution
      • Weigh and consider all choices
      • Combine choices if needed
      • Be able to justify your choice
    • 7. Present the solution
      • Be…
      • Organized
      • Pithy
      • Complete
      • Persuasive
    • 8. Reflect, evaluate, revise
      • If you can implement the solution, do so and gather data on its effectiveness
      • If implementation (by you) is not possible, return to your solution after some time and revisit it.
    • Traditional Learning Problem-based Learning Project-based Learning Exercise 2
    • PMI Technique
      • Make a list of aspects of the choice to be made.
      • Mark each one as Plus, Minus or Interesting
      • Total up the number of items in each column
      http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_05. htm
    • PMI Technique http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_05. htm
    • Grid Analysis
      • Create a table of important aspects of the decision (columns) and the things you’re choosing among (rows)
      • Give a score for each choice for each aspect
      • Weight the scores and calculate the sums.
      http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_03. htm
    • Grid Analysis http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_03. htm
    • Finding Problems to Learn from
      • Start with outcomes
      • Ask yourself: where is this skill or knowledge applied in the world?
      • Find or fabricate a situation in which something is not optimal that requires that skill/knowledge.