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12% of users elected to purchase an additional
Lower cost of etextbook most important factor
Portability is a key factor
Accessibility without Internet connection
Internet2 Pilot Study, 2012
Available throughout academic career
Features, such as zoom, must be easy to access
Faculty, for the most part, did not use ebook
features (note sharing, additional links, etc.)
Little benefit from collaboration capabilities
because not utilized by faculty
Internet2 Pilot Study, 2012
Update and customize (Miller & Baker-Eveleth, 2010).
Promote new ways of engagement (Dorn, 2007).
Use of annotation features linked to student
performance (Dennis, 2011).
Promote Universal Design principles (see
Scott, McGuire, & Foley, 2003).
Lack of comfort (Carlson, 2005).
Encourage collaboration (Ravid, Kalman, &
Access to computer/Internet
(Shepperd, Grace, Koch, 2008).
No correlation to student performance
(Woody, Daniel, Baker, 2010).
Ease of use
Ease of purchase
Match to learning style
Chulkov & VanAlstine, 2013
57 undergraduate preservice teacher
Language Arts methods course
Using a digital textbook
Subgroup of 36 had option to also use print
text with digital copy
91% read on laptop
16 % on iPad
27% prefer digital
55% prefer print
Note sharing – learning network becomes social
Sticky notes for saving spots
Highlighter to follow along
Adjustable font size for reading preferences
It was easier for me to find definitions
and more convenient to look at
suggested resources and podcasts. In a
regular textbook I wouldn’t go out of my
way to do these things.
Opening a new chapter in this online
text is a bit more intimidating for me
because it shows the list of sections to
the side, and there are sometimes many.
I’ve started previewing and picture
walking before I read this text in
I noticed I was more intrigued about
reading the text. It wasn’t like I was just
sitting with a book in my hand.
I believe my reading habits improved
because the text was spread out. I read
the text normally but I went back and
looked at the text again.
Do the reading processes used with digital
textbooks differ for skilled and less-skilled
Which features of a digital text are most
effective for promoting comprehension?
How can analytics of reader behaviors help us
to create more effective textbooks?
10 Reasons to Use Digital Textbooks at
Carlson, S. (2005, February 11). Online textbooks fail to
make the grade. Chronicle of Higher Education.
Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/OnlineTextbooks-Fail-to-make/18496/
Chulkov D. V., & VanAlstine, J. (2013). College student
choice among electronic and printed textbook options.
Journal of Education for Business, 88, 216-222.
Dennis, A. (2011). E-Textbooks at Indiana University: A
summary of two years of research. Indiana University
Working Paper. Retrieved from
http://etexts.iu.edu/files/eText Pilot Data 1010-1011.pdf
Dorn, R. (2007). Online versus hardcopy textbooks.
Science, 315, 1220.
Internet2 eTextbook Spring 2012 Pilot at
Larson, L. C. (2012/2013). It’s time to turn the
digital page: Preservice teachers explore e-book
reading. Journal of Adolescent & Adult
Literacy, 56(4), 280-290.
Leu, D. J., Kinzer, C. K., Coiro, J., Castek, J., &
Henry, L. A. (2013). New literacies: A dual-level
theory of the changing nature of
literacy, instruction, and assessment. In, D.E.
Alvermann, N. J. Unrau, R. B.
Ruddell, Theoretical models and processes of
reading (6th ed.), 1150-1181.
Miller, J., & Baker-Eveleth, L. (2010). Methods of
use of an online economics textbook. American
Paczkowski, J. (2013, January 9). Steve Jobs was
right. All Things 3D. Retrieved from
Ravid, G., Kalman, Y., & Rafaeli, S. (2008).
Wikibooks in higher education; Empowerment
through online distributed collaboration.
Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 1913-1928.
Scott, S., McGuire, J., & Foley, T. (2003).
Universal design for instruction: A framework for
anticipating and responding to disability and
other diverse learning needs in the college
classroom. Equity & Excellence in
Education, 36, 40-49.
Sheppard, J., Grace, J., & Koch, E. (2008).
Evaluating the electronic textbook: Is it time
to dispense with the paper text? Teaching of
Psychology, 35, 2-5.
Wood, W., Daniel, D., & Baker, C. (2010). Ebooks or textbooks: Students prefer
textbooks. Computers & Education, 55, 945948.