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Underage Drinking

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Final presentation

  1. 1. Brett Digwood<br />Carla Reino<br />Underage Drinking<br />
  2. 2. facts<br />Nearly three quarters of students (72%) have consumed alcohol by the end of high school, and more than a third (37%) have done so by eighth grade<br />Among race demographics, whites had the highest percentage of underage alcohol use 30.4%, Asians had the lowest rate at 16.1%<br />U.S. Department of Health and Human Services <br />
  3. 3. facts<br />The 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey found that among high school students, during the past 30 days<br /> 42% drank some amount of alcohol. <br /> 24% binge drank. <br /> 10% drove after drinking alcohol. <br /> 28% rode with a driver who had been drinking alcohol. <br />Youth who start drinking before age 15 years are five times more likely to develop alcohol dependence or abuse later in life than those who begin drinking at or after age 21 years<br />U.S. Department of Health and Human Services <br />
  4. 4. questions<br />Are younger children to adults engaging in responsible drinking habits? (i.e. not receiving alcohol violations)<br />Do individuals believe the drinking age should be lowered to 18? <br />How many individuals have consumed alcohol before reaching the legal drinking age?<br />Do individuals believe that drinking violations should have more consequences if the drinking age is lowered to 18?<br />
  5. 5. Questions<br />Why do individuals actually drink? <br />Does gender affect the consumption of alcohol, the decision of when to start drinking, and the decision on lowering the drinking age?<br />Does age affect the consumption of alcohol, the decision of when to start drinking, and the decision on lowering the drinking age? <br />
  6. 6. Relevant factors <br />Current underage drinking violations <br />Environmental influence <br />Drinking Citations <br />Age <br />Gender <br />Location <br />
  7. 7. Data collected<br />Research Question<br />Will lowering the legal drinking age to 18 cause a drop in underage drinking violations and lead to responsible drinking habits? <br />Target audience<br />Teenagers to Young Adults <br />Random Systematic Sampling Method<br />Distributed 100 surveys, Received 96 back<br />
  8. 8. Question #1what is your Gender?<br />
  9. 9. Question # 2what is your Age?<br />
  10. 10. Question # 3at what Age did you Consume your First Alcoholic Beverage?<br />
  11. 11. Question # 4in what setting was your Upbringing?<br />
  12. 12. Question # 5aHave You Received A Drinking Violation from a University or Law Enforcement?<br />
  13. 13. Question # 5bwhat Age did you receive your Violation?<br />
  14. 14. Question # 5cwhat Type of Violation did you receive?<br />
  15. 15. Question # 5dDo You Believe The Current Drinking Violation Penalties are Fair?<br />
  16. 16. Question # 6How Often Do You Consume Alcohol Per Week?<br />
  17. 17. Question # 7Why Did You Decide To Drink Your First Time?<br />
  18. 18. Question # 8do you think the Drinking Age should be:<br />
  19. 19. Question # 9Do You Think Lowering The Drinking Age Will Lead To Responsible Drinking Habits and Decrease The Number Of Drinking Violations?<br />
  20. 20. Question # 10aIf Drinking Age Was Lowered, Should Violation Penalties Increase And Be More Severe?<br />
  21. 21. Question # 10bSuggested Penalties <br />
  22. 22. Question # 11If Drinking Age Was Lowered, Would You Have Waited Till The Legal Drinking Age To Consume Your First Drink?<br />
  23. 23. 1 = 15-20 * 2 = 21-25 * 3 = 26-30 * 4 = Over 30 <br />
  24. 24. If Age Was Lowered, Would You Have Waited?<br />1 = 15-20 * 2 = 21-25 * 3 = 26-30 * 4 = Over 30 <br />
  25. 25. Do You Think Lowering The Drinking Age Will Lead To Responsible Drinking Habits and Decrease The Number Of Drinking Violations?<br />1 = 15-20 * 2 = 21-25 * 3 = 26-30 * 4 = Over 30 <br />
  26. 26. Age Change<br />1 = 15-20 * 2 = 21-25 * 3 = 26-30 * 4 = Over 30 <br />
  27. 27. First Drink By Age<br />1 = 15-20 * 2 = 21-25 * 3 = 26-30 * 4 = Over 30 <br />
  28. 28. Underage drinking<br />Test<br />One sample proportion <br />Null<br />Pi < = 80% - No more then 80% drink before the legal drinking age (21)<br />Alternative<br />Pi > 80% - More then 80% drink before the legal drinking age (21)<br />One-Tailed<br />Sample Proportion = 90.6%<br />Mean = 87<br />Sample Size = 96<br />STD Error = 0.040824829<br />T-Observed = 2.603<br />T-Critical = 1.645<br />P-Value = .005<br />Reference Value = 80%<br />REJECT THE NULL<br />
  29. 29. Ages impact on perception of fairness<br />Test<br />Two Tailed Two sample proportion <br />Null<br />p1 = p2 - Age does not impact the perception of fairness<br />Alternative<br />p1 < > p2 - Age does impact the perception of fairness<br />Two-Tailed<br />Sample Proportion under 21 = 65%<br />Sample Proportion over 21 = 75%<br />Pooled Proportion = .72<br />STD Error = 0.116<br />T-Observed = .826<br />T-Critical = 1.96<br />P-Value = .409<br />Reference Value = 80%<br />ACCEPT THE NULL<br />
  30. 30. Female VS. male drinking before 21<br />Test<br />Two sample proportion <br />Null<br />Females are not more likely to drink before the legal drinking age than males<br />Alternative<br />Females are more likely to drink before the legal drinking age than males<br />One -Tailed<br />Sample Proportion Male = 87%<br />Sample Proportion Female = 94%<br />Pooled Proportion = .916<br />STD Error = 0.058<br />T-Observed = 1.154<br />T-Critical = 1.645<br />P-Value = .124<br />ACCEPT THE NULL<br />
  31. 31. Linear Regression <br />Test<br />Null – Age does not have an impact on age change <br />Alternative – Age has an impact on view of Age Change<br />Dependent Variable – Opinion of change<br />Independent Variable – Age<br />Weak Positive Relationship <br />R- Squared - 13%<br />Standard error - .84<br />P - Value: - .0002<br />Slope – .29<br />Y-intercept – 1.63<br />REJECT THE NULL<br />
  32. 32. Linear Regression <br />Test<br />Null – Gender does not have an impact on consumption <br />Alternative – Gender has an impact on consumption<br />Dependent Variable – Weekly consumption<br />Independent Variable – Gender<br />Weak Negative Relationship <br />R- Squared: .07%<br />Standard Error: 1.07<br />P - Value: .006<br />Slope – - 0.6<br />Y-intercept – 1.7<br />REJECT THE NULL<br />
  33. 33. Why the legal drinking age is 21 <br />Youth who drink alcohol are more likely to experience<br />School problems, such as higher absence and poor or failing grades<br />Social problems, such as fighting and lack of participation in youth activities<br />Legal problems, such as arrest for driving or physically hurting someone while drunk<br />Unwanted, unplanned, and unprotected sexual activity<br />Disruption of normal growth and sexual development <br />Physical and sexual assault<br />Higher risk for suicide and homicide<br />Alcohol-related car crashes and other unintentional injuries, such as burns, falls, and drowning <br />Memory problems <br />Abuse of other drugs<br />Changes in brain development that may have life-long effects<br />Death from alcohol poisoning <br />U.S. Department of Health and Human Services <br />
  34. 34. Why the legal drinking age is 21<br />Median 16% decline in motor vehicle crashes among underage youth in states that increased the legal drinking age to 21 years<br />Age 21 Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws result in lower levels of alcohol consumption among young adults age 21 years and older as well as those less than age 21 years<br />States with more stringent alcohol control policies tend to have lower adult and college binge drinking rates <br />U.S. Department of Health and Human Services <br />
  35. 35. Conclusion<br />The majority of all age ranges except for 15-20 believe that the drinking age should stay the same<br />The majority of people believe if the legal drinking age was lowered, it would not lead to responsible drinking and less violations<br />The majority of people believe that if the drinking age was lowered, the violations should be more severe<br />The majority of people who incurred violations had received them before the legal drinking age<br />
  36. 36. Recommendations <br />Changes To Test<br />Question 5D – Are penalties fare?<br />Question 7 – Why did you drink for the first time?<br />Further Research <br />Comparison of United States vs. European Countries<br />
  37. 37. Questions?<br />

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