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  • My dad and his family decided to move from Italy in 1972. He was 11 years old and only spoke Italian. His dad, mom, and brother all moved. He came here on a boat called the Rafaello and his trip took a little over 2 weeks. He went through Ellis Island to enter. His family had some money, but they were in search of better lives and a change. When he got here he went to Catholic school in bridgeport. He was always made fun of because he couldn’t speak English and it was very hard for him to keep up in school. He started his freshman year at Upper Merion. Shortly into it he dropped out of high school because he was frustrated and at the time there was no ESL program like there is today. His parents didn’t understand either how important an education was. My dad started working full time at the age of 13. He worked for the rest of his life including today in restaurant business. \n\n
  • Throughout American history there are 3 great waves of immigration which have impacted on us today. \n
  • There is no set date or specific group of people to determine the first American Immigrants. Starting with 1815 before restrictions were placed on immigration, this was the time period when millions of immigrants set out to come to America. They looked forward to freedoms and new opportunities.They had no place to go so many died off, and the ones who lived quickly realized the hardships they were having of leaving their homeland. From 1820 to 1860 immigrants crowded into factories as new laborers to work and support themselves. Northern and Western immigrants particularly Irish and Germans. The Irish and Germans were Catholic while the Native Americans were Protestant which caused turmoil. Irish immigrants came around 1848 due to a potato famine which was killing thousands. Chinese and German immigrants came around 1850. The Germans fled to America to escape their political conflicts and also a revolution failure. Both, the Germans and Irish were heavy drinkers and Native Americans worried that alcohol could be a major downfall of the country.\n
  • Over a few decades millions continued to immigrate to America. Anti-immigrant parties felt that immigration threatened american’s political structure. They argued with government that immigrants “knew nothing” about what was going on with the economy, and other important issues, especially voting. If members were ever asked if they were anti-immigrant, they would answer “I know nothing.” Also some Americans thought it was unfair that immigrants were taking jobs and being paid less, which was taking away from themselves. More chinese immigrants began to come to america because of the cheap labor. When most immigrants arrived, they had no where to go, so just by getting paid minimum wage helped start their new lives. This was a major economy clash which was why the “Know-Nothing” party formed. \n
  • Because immigration started to cause mass problems, restrictions were placed to limit certain amounts of immigrants.The chinese exclusion act was brought up by the anti-immigrant parties because this was one way to try to keep them out of America. The act forbidden chinese immigrants to immigrate here. The only chinese immigrants allowed entry were teachers, merchants and tourists.This act was mainly for the ones who worked cheaply, because anti-immigrants thought this was unfair. In 1891 the Bureau of Immigration was created as a follow-up for the exclusion act. It gave the government the permission to deport the immigrants who were illegal and working for cheap labor. Immigration did deflate for a few years after restrictions were put in place. \n
  • You can see from 1850 to 1860 a small deflation. The next wave is the 2nd great wave starting with 1870 up until 1920. \n
  • Starting in 1870 Italians, Russians, and Jews started to populate America. Italian immigrants came from Sicily because land there was becoming populated and poverty. Jews came from Eastern Europe because of poverty and oppression. They needed a quick escape. Because of all the immigration to America, it started to be seen as a melting pot of culture. Wars in the early 1900’s were also a reason for immigration. By 1910, America was already 15% foreign born.\n\n\n\n
  • www.italianexpresspizzeria.com\n\nItalian immigrants who set out to America during this time were escaping one major thing, poverty. 95% of immigrants were from southern Italy. In 1871 Italy had become a unified country, but Southerners did not benefit in any way which was why they left. Many men left their families behind to make money and have better lives, possibly over time having money to send their family over. Throughout 1870 vessel ships had improved by being built bigger, stronger and faster allowing the millions of immigrants to come to America also with a shorter travel time. America offered job opportunities, housing, and schooling. Some Italians came into the country illegally and even if they were legal they were discriminated against. Names like wop, guido, dego and greenhorn were what Italians were referred to. WOP was a nickname because it stands for without papers and Americans made fun of them. The northern part of Italy was always more economical structured than the south. Even Italy today is like that, the northern is more modernized while the southerners still follow traditional ways.\n
  • www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org\n\nIn 1881, the Russian leader Alexander was assassinated. His assassination was blamed on the Jews and in return Jewish neighborhoods were attacked by mobs. Thousands of Jews were murdered, but for the rest this was their breaking point of escape. Many fled on foot avoiding Russian boarders until they reached the Western side. More than 1/3 of the Jewish population had left the Russian Empire. From there they would use ships to immigrate to America. They came through Ellis Island which will be brought up in a few slides. Jewish immigrants were great business men so they had no problem starting lives in America. Many grocery stores and banks became Jewish owned and operated. They practiced Orthodox Judaism and social groups were quickly developed because of the mass amount of German, Russian, and Jews. \n
  • In between the red lines was the 2nd wave increase in immigration. Around 1910 was the highest wave in American history. During 1921 a new restriction was placed on immigrants. This was known as the National Origins Quota Act. This limited the number of immigrants down to 3% of their current make up in the US. This was put in place because of the millions of immigrants who came during the 2nd great wave. In 1924 the Boarder Patrol was established to keep illegal Mexicans out of the country. They were fleeing here because of the Mexican Revolution. As you can see around 1920 immigration falls again and continues to fall dramatically due to the Great Depression in 1929. Immigration was at a stand still for about 20 years because no one wanted to come to a country in such harsh conditions. \n
  • Ellis Island opened up across the river from Castle Garden. Castle Garden was a much smaller processing center. The island received its name because a man names Samuel Ellis had purchased the property long before it was ever an immigrant processing center. Thousands of immigrants entered through Ellis Island per day. About 2% of immigrants were deported due to illness or other problems. When they arrived, they got off the boat and had to wait in inspection lines. Public health inspectors examined every immigrant to make sure they were healthy enough to enter. Every single person was given a medical exam and an intelligent test. During the medical exam, the doctor would check for Trachoma. Trachoma is an infectious disease that grows inside the eyelid and can cause blindness. To check for this they turned peoples eyelids inside out. Any person who was found to have any severe case of illness was deported. Lastly, immigrants went through legal inspectors. At this point the immigrant would provide all the information needed when coming to other countries, name, age, occupation and destination. All immigrants needed to prove that they were strong and intelligent enough to work in the U.S. Most of the immigrants from the first and second great waves came through Ellis Island.\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n
  • Later on in my application you will see more about Ellis Island and what it stands for today.\n
  • www.personal.monm.edu\n\nImmigration increased again around 1950 after the affects of the stock market crash were over. The 3rd great wave is considered 1950 to present day. After the affects of World War II, refugees came to the U.S by the Refugee Act of 1953. This act meant that war refugees were allowed to enter the U.S. \n\n\n\n
  • www.cia.gov\n\nThe vietnam war caused thousands of war refugees to flee to America. Many were air lifted by military cargo and in search of better lives.\n
  • www.sk8t3rkidd95.wordpress.com\nwww.mapsof.net\n\nLyndon B. Johnson was the President during the 60’s. He lifted immigration restrictions which was a primary reason why it rose again. He took away what people thought were “racial quotas” so that certain immigrants felt more welcomed. Muslims, Pakistanis, and Arabs were the immigrants around 1960. Military disputes and a civil war between Western and Eastern Pakistan was the reason for thousands of Pakistanis to come to the U.S. These immigrants were all well educated including engineers, scientists, and pharmacists. They were a successful addition to the melting pot of America because each group of immigrants all brought new ideas to the U.S. Most of these immigrants who came became naturalized citizens and soon had more family come which cause increases again.\n\n\n
  • www.thepoliticalcarnival.net\n\nBy 1980’s most immigrants from across the world had already immigrated with a few thousand who came over the years. More acts and restrictions were being placed due to the U.S population and more and more illegal aliens. In 1980 the Refugees Act of 1980 said that the number of immigrants allowed in the country would be reduced to 270,000. Six years later The Immigration Reform and Control Act allowed any illegal immigrant who had entered the U.S 1982 or more recent, to apply for legal status and it also prohibited employers from hiring illegal aliens. Employers who were found hiring illegals would have penalties and fees. Lastly the Immigration Act of 1990 set the number that only 700,000 immigrants were allowed per year and also that 675,000 were allowed for every year after. \n\n\n
  • \nAlthough ports like Ellis Island and Angel Island are closed today, immigrants still can enter the U.S. Some still travel on boat, some use airplanes and even some drive across boarders legally. Many immigrants who come today are here to join their family members and even some for employment.\n
  • \nThe process of becoming a legal immigrant takes a while and involves a lot of paper work.The process can also be very costly. There are 3 main steps to become a legal immigrant.\n\nIn order to apply to be legal the person must work and provide some sort of income. The first step is to obtain all paperwork needed to apply for a visa number. Once you fill out all of the paperwork then you send it to the USCIS to review everything. This is where it may take up to months and even years to hear back only because the USCIS needs to approve your paperwork and if they approve, it will be given a visa number. It may be difficult for some people to be approved.This also takes a while because there are only a certain amount of visa numbers given per year. Once a visa number becomes available, the final forms of paperwork are sent to the U.S embassy to consult a foreign citizen’s country. This is when they are in their permanent resident status. Once the immigrant has an ok and approved visa number, they must stay in the country for 5 years to be a naturalized citizen.\n\nThis picture reflects back on all the information I had just given on how to become legalized. It is like a maze and only a select few qualify to complete the maze and “receive their green card.” Because becoming legal is such a difficult process, illegal immigration is becoming a more popular and easier alternative.\n\n\n
  • My application is made up of 3 things. Tutoring, visiting Ellis Island, and helping out at the ESL picnic. \n
  • I feel overall that I helped Silvia. In the beginning of the year when I met her she had already begun to felt comfortable at Upper Merion. She mostly needed help with math and understanding simple concepts. I met with her as often as she needed, and she showed me how I was helping her. She would show me her test scores and I saw improvement. Through working with Silvia, I also met some of her friends and I also volunteered to help any of them if they ever needed help. She would tell me that she always felt welcomed at Upper Merion and she said that her teachers were always willing to give her extra help if she did not understand something. We became friends through this because I did not know who she was before I met her, now we always say hi and occasionally we talk about how school is going. \n
  • Favorite picture\n
  • Today Ellis Island is an immigration museum and a National monument for the Statue of Liberty. For my application I went through Liberty Park to see Ellis Island. A ferry takes you from the park to the island, where you can go to the museum and also the Statue of Liberty. I have many pictures that tell stories themselves, and I learned a lot by going to the Ellis Island museum. Many tourists come to Ellis Island to visit and many are actually people who have came to America through Ellis Island over time. Today, the museum hosts different pride weeks which means each week a different country is represented. When I visited it was Scottish pride week which you will see in pictures.Throughout my video you will see how Ellis Island has changed over time and what it is like today.\n
  • \n
  • The ESL picnic is a middle school and high school picnic for all the ESL kids and their families. The picnic was held at Swedeland Park. During the picnic, families will bring a home cooked meal that is dedicated to their culture. All of the families and teachers play games with each other and have fun. \n
  • Everyone who came brought some type of ethnic food. This was unique because people got to sample different types of ethnic food.\nThe next slide is a video that shows all of the games I put together during the picnic. I set up a relay race for younger kids and they had so much fun running around. Most of the kids did not know each other, however they were willing to compromise so they could all have fun. I also had everyone participate in a water balloon toss which dealt with kids ages 5-16. For the younger kids who did not play soccer or weren’t coordinated enough to be in the balloon toss, they had a parachute. Throughout this video you will see everyone bonding and having fun. This next slide shows everything we did at the picnic. \n
  • \n
  • These few pictures mainly sum up the picnic. Throughout the whole day everyone bonded with each other and even I met some new people. Bonding was important because when everyone keeps to themselves it is less fun, but when everyone works together and participates we all have fun. I think everyone who was at the picnic had a good time, especially the kids who participated in the games.\n
  • I’ve seen this quote before but it never meant something to me until I attended the ESL picnic and feel like I’ve helped students. Most of the families that were there spoke English as their second language. This showed me that they have all came from different parts of the world, but we were all in the same place having fun. I saw people laughing all day, whether it was from something their kid had done, or they were just having fun. This meant a lot to me because I am glad that I was able to help out and see people come together. This quote means to me that it doesn’t matter what religion you are, or what language you speak, it simply says that laughter is an international way of life that can be shared. \n
  • http://www.freefoto.com \n\nFor my class activity we will all fill in our own family tree. \n\nIf students are more interested in their family background, they can go to www.ancestry.com for free and look up their family members from generations ago.\nShow them mine already completed.\n
  • \n
  • www.secretbudgetnet.wordpress.com\n\nI want this quote to summarize my project as a whole. Immigration has always had an impact on America and American culture. This quote reflects the idea that even immigrants bring gifts and talents to America, they have always added in some way to our lives. The importance of the open road is that every immigrant has traveled a different road to get where they are today without anyone stopping them.\n
  • H h-de luca sgp

    1. 1. AmericanImmigration Bianca DeLuca
    2. 2. Thesis 


    3. 3. Personal Relevance •My dad’s story of coming to America inspired me to research immigration.relevantsearchscotland.co.uk
    4. 4. What is immigration ? Immigration is the process of leaving one’s home country to resettle in a new one. A person is an immigrant to a country, while an emigrant is from a country."Introduction: Speaking Out on Immigration." Immigration. Ed. Michelle Houle. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 10-19. Print.www.immigrationdnatesting.us
    5. 5. H!tory • “The first great wave” • From 1815-1860 • Northern and Western Europe • Alcoholism"Introduction: Speaking Out on Immigration." Immigration. Ed. Michelle Houle. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 10-19. Print. www.devittprint.ie
    6. 6. H!tory • clashes started to form around 1850 • they were combined with economy, American culture, and anti-immigrant parties forming • --> “Know-Nothing party” • Chinese immigrants worked for cheap labor"Introduction: Speaking Out on Immigration." Immigration. Ed. Michelle Houle. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 10-19. Print.
    7. 7. Restrictions 1882 - Chinese Exclusion Act 1891- Bureau of Immigration"Introduction: Speaking Out on Immigration." Immigration. Ed. Michelle Houle. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 10-19. Print. www.restorationbydesign.ne
    8. 8. decrease from 1850-1860 millionhttp://bistrotm.com/ZgaCIq6tfH1R/
    9. 9. 2nd Great Wave • 1870-1920 • Southern & Eastern Europewww.madebysurfers.com
    10. 10. "e Italians • Between 1880-1920 • Over 4 million within 40 years • Set our for better lives and work opportunity • Ellis IslandRapczynski, Joan. "The Italian Immigrant Experience in America (1870-1920)." Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, 1999. Web. 16 Apr. 2011. <http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/ 1999/3/99.03.06.x.html>.
    11. 11. "e Jew!h • Russian leader Tsar Alexander 1881 • Between 1881 and 1920 1.5 million arrived • Ellis Island http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAEjews.htmwww.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org
    12. 12. Increase from1870-1920http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1398.html
    13. 13. Eis Island *Oned 1892 *Closed 1954“The History of Ellis Island .” http://library.thinkquest.org. Think Quest , n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2011. <http:// library.thinkquest.org//Eihist.html>.
    14. 14. Ellis Island Late 1800’s
    15. 15. 3rd Wave • 1950 - present • Central & South America
    16. 16. WarsVietnam War ended 1954Southeast Asians
    17. 17. 1960’s - 70’s • Lyndon B. Johnson, President • 1963-1969http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/ Pakistani-Americans.html
    18. 18. 1980’S - 1990’S RESTRICTIONSImmigrants from all overthe worldThe Refugees Act of1980The ImmigrationReform and Control Actof 1986The Immigration Act of1990
    19. 19. Immigration Todaywww.beyondthebottle.orgwww.bajarealestategroup.net
    20. 20. Becoming Legal • apply for an immigrant visa (green card) • send paperwork in and wait for a visa number • once you receive a visa number, you have to stay in the country for 5 years or more to be a citizen"How can I become a legal resident of the U.S?" http://www.indianajustice.org. Hispanic Law Center , Nov. 2002. Web. 1 Mar. 2011. <http://www.indianajustice.org/Data/DocumentLibrary/ www.sentimentalrefugee.com Documents/1053371626.59/correct%20immig.pdf>.
    21. 21. Applicationtutoring visited modern day Ellis Island ESL picnic
    22. 22. TutoringSilvia, freshman at UMMoved to America in 2006Arabic is her native language
    23. 23. Ellis Island Modern Day
    24. 24. Ellis Island Modern Day Historical Museum Tourist Attraction Statue of Liberty
    25. 25. Ellis Island Over Time
    26. 26. ESL PicnicFoodFun & gamesBonding
    27. 27. Food
    28. 28. Fun & Games
    29. 29. Bonding
    30. 30. “Laughter translatesinto any language...”-Graffiti
    31. 31. Class ActivityFamily Tree
    32. 32. CitationsSarna, Jonathan D, and Jonathan Golden. "The American Jewish Experience through the Nineteenth Century: Immigration and Acculturation." National Humanities Rapczynski, Joan. "The Italian Immigrant Experience in America (1870-1920)." Center. Brandeis University, Oct. 2000. Web. 16 Apr. 2011. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, <http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/ 1999. Web. 16 Apr. 2011. <http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/ judaism.htm>. 1999/3/99.03.06.x.html>.“20th Century Immigration .” http://www.wisconsinhistory.org. Wisconsin Historical Society , 2004. Web. 1 Mar. 2011. <http://www.wisconsinhistory.org//%2D052/? Martin, Philip, and Susan Martin. “U.S. Immigration Policy.” isim.georgetown.edu. action=more_essay>. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <isim.georgetown.edu//_Martin_US.pdf>.Hanson, Gordon H. “The Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration.” Paper presented “1900’s Timeline .” http://library.thinkquest.org. Think Quest , n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2011.at the Council on Foreign Relations on April 26, 2007. www.cfr.org. Web. 16 Feb. <http://library.thinkquest.org//1900timeline.html>.2011. <www.cfr.org///.../.pdf>. Rapael, Steven, and Eugene Smolensky. “Immigration and Poverty in the United“The History of Ellis Island .” http://library.thinkquest.org. Think Quest , n.d. Web. 1 Mar. States.” www.irp.wisc.edu. IRP Publications, Sept. 2008. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http:// 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org//Eihist.html>. www.irp.wisc.edu////.pdf>.“How can I become a legal resident of the U.S?” http://www.indianajustice.org. Hispanic Stoll, David. “Which American Dream Do You Mean?” Society 46.5 (2009): pp. Law Center , Nov. 2002. Web. 1 Mar. 2011. <http://www.indianajustice.org////. 398-402. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. 59/%20immig.pdf>. Traverso, Edmund. Immigration: A study in American Values. Lexington: D. C. and“Introduction: Speaking Out on Immigration.” Immigration. Ed. Michelle Heath, 1964. 1-6 9-20. Print.Houle. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 10-19. Print. “US Immigration History .” Rapid Immigration. Rapid Immigration, 2008. Web. 26 Feb.Journelle, Wayne. “A Portrayal of Immigration in State Standards for American 2011. <http://www.rapidimmigration.com/1_eng_immigration_history.html>.History.” Social Studies 100.4 (2009): pp. 160-168. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. http://bistrotm.com/ZgaCIq6tfH1R/http://www.freefoto.com http://tesellefamily.comwww.immigrationdnatesting.us www.sentimentalrefugee.comwww.mygoldenrings.com www.faculty.umf.maine.eduwww.devittprint.ie www.thepoliticalcarnival.netwww.restorationbydesign.ne www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org
    33. 33. Conclusion I believe that life is a journey, often difficult and sometimes incredibly cruel, but we are well equipped for it if only we tap into our talents and gifts and allow them to blossom. -Les Brown