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Exploring The Stock Market

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  • 1. Exploring the Stock Market A project for Fifth Graders at UPES Detroit, MI
  • 2. What is a stock?
    • A stock is a piece of a company. When you own one share of stock, you own one tiny piece of that company. You are a shareholder .
  • 3. What kinds of companies have stocks?
    • Companies that issue stock are called corporations .
    • Corporations come in all sizes. But they all have this in common: They are not owned by any one person. Every shareholder is an owner of that corporation.
  • 4. Where can I buy stock?
    • You must buy stock from a stock broker , a person that is licensed to sell stocks.
    • You can also buy stocks on the Internet through a brokerage , such as TD Ameritrade or E*trade.
  • 5. Where does my money go when I buy a stock?
    • That’s simple… the corporation gets it!
    • It uses it to pay its expenses .
    • In return, you get to help make decisions for the company by electing its Board of Directors. The more shares you own, the more votes you get!
    • Some corporations also reward their stockholders by giving them payments every year…these payments are called dividends .
  • 6. What happens when I don’t want to be a shareholder anymore?
    • You sell your stock, through a broker.
    • You give up your shares in the corporation and get MONEY in return.
  • 7. How do I make money from stocks?
    • You don’t always make money! But here’s how it works…
    • You buy shares in the company for a certain price…called the asking price .
    • The asking price changes every day . It tells you how much a stock is worth.
    • Then…
  • 8. …when it’s time to sell…
    • You sell your shares in exchange for that day’s asking price!
    • If you sell your shares for more than you bought them, you make a profit .
    • If you sell your shares for LESS than you bought them, you incur a loss .
  • 9. Can you give us an example???
    • Sure…
    • Let’s say you buy 100 shares of Microsoft on Tuesday, April 15. The asking price that day is $54.54.
    • How much do you have to pay???
    • $5,454.00
  • 10. Then what???
    • You decide to sell your 100 shares two weeks later. The price that day is $63.23.
    • You receive $6323 (63.23 * 100)
    • How much did you make?
    • $6323 - $5454 = $869
  • 11. What do I have to do for this project?
    • You start with an imaginary $10,000
    • Create a portfolio by using that “money” to “buy” stock of 10 different corporations.
    • These corporations must come from different sectors.
    • Track the value of your portfolio (how much it’s worth) every week for six weeks.
    • At the end of May, determine your profit or loss.
  • 12. Is that all?
    • Along the way, you’ll complete math assignments that involve fractions, decimals, percents, and graphs.
    • You’ll also have the opportunity to “sell” stocks that aren’t doing well and “buy” new ones from time to time.
  • 13. Terms you need to know
    • Wall Street
    • New York Stock Exchange
    • “ The Dow”
    • Mutual Fund
    • NASDAQ
    • 52-week high & low
    • Stock
    • Share
    • Profit
    • Loss
    • Corporation
    • Broker
    • Sector