A Community Of Practice for BCT TeachersPresentation Transcript
A Community of Practice for BCT Teachers September 29, 2009 English Montreal School Board
Communities of Practice People Processes Products “ Communities of practice are groups of people who share a passion for something that they know how to do and who interact regularly to learn how to do it better ”
Three Elements of Communities of Practice
A Domain of knowledge: Common purpose and shared issues (Identity, Value, and Membership)
A Community of people: The ways members interact with one another (based on Mutual respect and Trust)
The shared Practice : What members are developing (A set of ideas, tools, information, stories and documents )
Distinctions between CoPs and other structures What is the purpose? Who belongs? What holds them together? Communities of Practice To create, expand, and exchange knowledge, and to develop individual capabilities Self-selection based on expertise or passion for a topic Passion, commitment, and identification with the group and its expertise Communities of Interest To be informed Whoever is interested Access to information and sense of likemindedness Informal Networks To receive and pass on information, to know who is who Friends and business acquaintances Mutual need and relationships
C raft knowledge is “the massive collection of experiences and learning that those who live and work under the roof of the schoolhouse inevitably accrue” (Barth, 2001)
“ T ragically, this craft knowledge is rarely viewed by school people as legitimate, rigorous or useful”
Fortunately, teachers are beginning to increasingly recognize the value of their craft knowledge
Craft Knowledge and Communities of Practice
A culture of learning is established when teachers are involved in two types of relationships (Barth, 2006) :
Congenial : People are positive, friendly, and supportive and show an interest in each other
Collegial : (a) Conversations about practice take place and teaching strategies are shared ; (b) Successful teaching and learning are celebrated
When do CoPs work?
Wenger (2006) states that communities of practice work well when people:
have craft knowledge to share,
can easily share it with each other,
want to share their knowledge, and
want to learn together to improve professional practice
Benefits of Communities of Practice
Benefits for Members:
help with challenges
access to expertise
fun with colleagues
Benefits to Organizations:
synergies across units
Source: Adapted from Wenger (2006)
BUILD: Cultivating Communities of Practice
B ring people together in a potential community
U tilize their craft knowledge
I dentify relevant concerns, ideas and issues
L augh, listen and learn together
D ocument the knowledge developed, so it can be shared!!!
Types of Participation
What can we start to do?
Read a forum message
Read a document
Read a wiki / a blog
Respond to a forum message
Post a forum message
Upload a document
Contribute to a wiki / Write a blog
Saint-Onge, H . & Wallace, D . (2003). Leveraging Communities of Practice . Butterworth Heinemann .
Wenger , E . (1998). Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity . Cambridge University Press.
Wenger, E . , McDermott, R ., & Snyder, W.M. (2002). Cultivating Communities of Practice . HBS press.
Wenger E. (2006). Cultivating communities of practice: a quick start-up guide ( http://www.ewenger.com/theory/start-up_guide_PDF.pdf )