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Friday final test


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This is a final test for this sunny day.

This is a final test for this sunny day.

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  • 1. Software Craftsmanship The Fifth Agile Value Rik Dryfoos February 17, 2010 (802) 778-0877
  • 2. Software Craftsmanship • Introduction • The Costs of Delivery -vs- Ownership • What is Craftsmanship? • A Manifesto for Software Craftsmanship • Problems with Top Down Dictates • Working Environment • The McBreen Model • A Role for vtSDA • School Curriculum
  • 3. Introduction • Field trip • Master of the obvious • Goal today is to spark dialog
  • 4. Introduction • We have all seen or heard of cost and time overrun due to “spaghetti code” or systems that become too complex to maintain and update • Is a mess inevitable? - If yes, deal with it by: • Big Design Up Front • Change Control • Today there are tools to address the root issues. • It is not only fiscally and professionally responsible, but also profitable.
  • 5. Introduction Title: The Pragmatic Programmer Authors: Andrew Hunt & David Thomas Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional Pages: 321 Date: October, 1999
  • 6. Cost of Delivery
  • 7. Cost of Delivery Common Acceptance Criteria: • Features • Capacity • Delivery Dates • Availability • Appearance • Security • Performance • Cost
  • 8. Cost of Delivery • Client budget is tight - forego tests • Get it running now - polish it later • Perceived quality is skin deep
  • 9. Cost of Delivery It is July 2006... You decide that you will cut the delivery cost of your webapp by making it only work with IE6. IE6 is favored by over 85% of your users and you don’t want to spend extra time and money to be standards compliant AND work with IE.
  • 10. Cost of Ownership Now it is February 2010... Your application won’t work with modern browsers and there are twenty-two unpatched vulnerabilities in IE6, some of which are rated moderately critical in severity. *
  • 11. Cost of Ownership • Spaghetti code • “He Left Things a Mess” • Large patches of code that is commented • No one wants to touch it for fear of breaking it • Documentation is outdated, misleading or wrong
  • 12. Cost of Ownership
  • 13. Cost of Ownership If the project... • Is not disposable • Is produced in-house, or • Is produced as part of a long-term relationship Then you should stabilize the productivity curve. Well crafted solutions are cost effective in the long term, and help establish a relationship built on trust.
  • 14. Cost of Ownership When code is not written in a way that is “clean” and easy to understand, development slows over time. Eventually the codebase will be so tangled that it seems easier to rewrite the whole thing from scratch. Re-development begins without the discipline required to insure that the code is “clean” and easy to understand. Repeat.
  • 15. What is Craftsmanship? Title: Clean Code Author: Robert C. Martin (aka Uncle Bob) Publisher: Prentice Hall Pages: 464 Date: August 11, 2008
  • 16. What is Craftsmanship?
  • 17. What is Craftsmanship? “You know you are working on clean code when each routine you read turns out to be pretty much what you expected.You can call it beautiful code when the code also makes it look like the language was made for the problem.” Ward Cunningham, as quoted in Clean Code, Prentice Hall, 2008, pg 11.
  • 18. What is Craftsmanship? “Habitability is the characteristic of source code that enables programmers, coders, bug-fixers, and people coming to the code later in its life to understand its construction and intentions and to change it comfortably and confidently.” R. Gabriel, Patterns of Software, Oxford University Press, 1996, pg 11.
  • 19. What is Craftsmanship? Well crafted code demonstrates: • Simplicity • Lack of duplication • Readability • Elegance
  • 20. What is Craftsmanship? A Continuum of Understanding • Apprentice - Software works, or it doesn't. • Journeyman - Software judged by how clean it is. • Master - Software development becomes a series of calculated trade-offs. When the design works and is habitable, it is easier to live with the outcomes of your decisions.
  • 21. Manifesto As aspiring Software Craftsmen we are raising the bar of professional software development by practicing it and helping others learn the craft. Through this work we have come to value: • Not only working software, but also well-crafted software • Not only responding to change, but also steadily adding value • Not only individuals and interactions, but also a community of professionals • Not only customer collaboration, but also productive partnerships That is, in pursuit of the items on the left we have found the items on the right to be indispensable. ©2009, the undersigned. this statement may be freely copied in any form, but only in its entirety through this notice.
  • 22. Manifesto • Puts a name on the concept of Code Craft that we actively encourage and foster in our company. • Clarifies expectations and helps with the mutual selection process of hiring. • Creates a dialog which we were previously struggling to have.
  • 23. Top Down Dictates Managers often don’t know what to ask for, let alone how to encourage best practices. There are well over 10,000 Java jobs on • 3690 mention “J2EE” • 2466 mention “Linux” • 98 mention “Refactoring” • 39 mention “Dependency Injection” • 10 mention “Inversion of Control”
  • 24. Top Down Dictates Similarities between Software Development when viewed as a craft, and blacksmithing: • Technical knowledge required, but not sufficient • Need practice and skill with specialized tools • An eye for aesthetics It takes a blacksmith to train a blacksmith
  • 25. Top Down Dictates As a manager, I can... • Hire craftsmen who are skilled mentors • Hire motivated apprentices and interns • Set an example: Right Thing – Right Way • Provide an environment that values craft
  • 26. Working Environment • Communication • Professionalism • Pair Programming • Continuous Integration • Test-Driven / Behavior-Driven Development • Quality Metrics - Monitoring for Code Smells • Sufficient backlog to minimize wait time • Short feedback loop • Continuous Learning
  • 27. The McBreen Model Title: Software Craftsmanship Author: Pete McBreen Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional Pages: 208 Date: August 23, 2001
  • 28. The McBreen Model • A great craftsman is worth more than her manager • A great craftsman is probably worth $150K-$250K • How would you spend a $600,000 salary budget? • Three great craftsman with three motivated apprentices, or ten mediocre developers?
  • 29. A Role for vtSDA Raising the bar of professional software development... • Community Linkedin Subgroup • Practicing Dojos and Randoris • Helping Others Learn Internships
  • 30. Two Dozen Things You Probably Did Not Learn in School • Agile Software Development • Lean Software Development • Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP) • Loose Coupling and High Cohesion • Behavior-Driven Design (BDD) • Release Early, Release Often (RERO) • Big Design Up Front (BDUF) • The S.O.L.I.D. Principles • Continuous Integration • Single Responsibility Principle (SRP) • Convention over Configuration (CoC) • Open/Close Principle (OCP) • Domain-Driven Design (DDD) • Liskov Substitution Principle (LSP) • Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) • Interface Segregation Principle (ISP) • Duplication is Evil (DIE) • Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP) • Domain Specific Language (DSL) • Test-Driven Design (TDD) • Fluent Interface • eXtreme Programming (XP) • Gang of Four's (GoF) Design Patterns • You Ain't Gonna Need It (YAGNI)
  • 31. Thank you.