Ernest Hemingway

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Ernest Hemingway

  1. 1. Ernest Hemingway <ul><li>Another “Lost Generation” writer </li></ul><ul><li>very critical of American capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>expatriate </li></ul><ul><li>Served in Ambulance Corps in WWI </li></ul>
  2. 2. So who was Hemingway?? <ul><li>Born in Oak Park, Illinois, 1899 </li></ul><ul><li>He was the son of Dr. Ed Hemingway and the </li></ul><ul><li>second of six children. </li></ul><ul><li>He, unlike most the authors we have talked about had two loving parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended high school at The Oak Park and River Forest Township High School. </li></ul><ul><li>His mother taught her children music and creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>His father taught them the love of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Having been forbidden to join up for the First World War by his father, Ernest applied for a job as a journalist and by October 1917 Hemingway was employed by the Kansas City Star. </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to become involved in the First World War </li></ul><ul><li>After only six months employment as a journalist, Ernest left the Star newspaper to the join the ambulance corps in Italy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Drawing closer to his destiny <ul><li>On July 8th 1918 Hemingway was hit by Austrian artillery, six days before his nineteenth birthday </li></ul><ul><li>By December 1918 he had left the service , after serving just over 6 months, and by January 1919 he was back in America with 227 scars on his wounded leg. </li></ul>
  4. 4. After the War <ul><li>Hemingway went back to Michigan after leaving the ambulance service. </li></ul><ul><li>He eventually found a job as a reporter for the Co-operative Commonwealth, a slick paper monthly magazine put out by the Co-operative Society of America. </li></ul><ul><li>He gave up on his job for the Co operative Commonwealth, although he still submitted articles to the Toronto star. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hemingway’s Marriages <ul><li>Ernest Married Elizabeth Hadley Richardson on Sept. 30, 1920. </li></ul><ul><li>They separated when Elizabeth found out he was having an affair with Pauline Pheifer. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortly after, Hemingway married again… to Pauline Pheifer. </li></ul><ul><li>Martha Gellhorn replaced Pauline at his side in 1940. </li></ul><ul><li>Again his marriage failed, but this didn’t discourage Ernest, he remarried again in 1946 to Mary Walsh. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ernest and his hobbies... <ul><li>An avid big-game hunter and deep sea fisherman, Hemingway was known for epitomizing the notion of being a “Man’s Man!!” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Literary Work <ul><li>Hemingway’s writing style seemed simple and childlike. </li></ul><ul><li>He provided descriptions of action to capture scenes. </li></ul><ul><li>He made the reading of the text as close to the actual experience as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>His stylistic influence on American writers has been enormous. </li></ul>
  8. 8. His Most Popular Works <ul><li>1926- The Sun Also Rises. Ernest’s first Novel. </li></ul><ul><li>1929- A Farewell to Arms. His second Novel. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1930’s and early 1940’s Ernest wrote mostly about two themes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrity and Wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1939- For Whom the Bell Tolls. Sold 500,000 Copies. </li></ul><ul><li>1952- Old Man and the Sea was written. Considered the pinnacle of his writing. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nearing the End <ul><li>The Snows of Kilimanjaro 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1953, Hemingway won the Pulitzer </li></ul><ul><li>Prize in fiction for “The Old Man and the Sea”. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1954, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Video link to Nobel Prize acceptance speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://town.hall.org/radio/HarperAudio/012494_harp_ITH.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hemingway committed suicide in 1961 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Published Works 1923-1939 <ul><li>1923 Three Stories and Ten Poems (Short Stories) </li></ul><ul><li>1925 In Our Time (Short Stories) </li></ul><ul><li>1926 The Torrents of Spring (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1926 The Sun Also Rises (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1927 Men Without Women (Short Stories) </li></ul><ul><li>1929 A Farewell to Arms (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1930 The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (Short Stories) </li></ul><ul><li>1932 Death in the Afternoon (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1933 Winner take Nothing (Short Stories) </li></ul><ul><li>1935 Green Hills of Africa (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1937 To Have and Have Not (Novel) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Published Works 1940-1981 1940-1981 <ul><li>1940 For Whom the Bell Tolls (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1942 Men at War (Edited Anthology) </li></ul><ul><li>1950 Across the River and into the Trees (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1952 The Old Man and the Sea (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1962 The Wild Years (Compilation) </li></ul><ul><li>1964 A Moveable Feast (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1967 By-Lines (Journalism for the Toronto Star) </li></ul><ul><li>1970 Islands in the Stream (Novel) </li></ul><ul><li>1972 The Nick Adams Stories </li></ul><ul><li>1979 88 Poems </li></ul><ul><li>1981 Selected Letters </li></ul>
  12. 12. Hemingway Cont... <ul><li>Became the first literary “star” in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Was a “man’s man” </li></ul><ul><li>Airplane accident </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Snows of Kilimanjaro <ul><li>Symbolism of Kilimanjaro </li></ul><ul><li>Remembering the past </li></ul><ul><li>Money ruining dreams and talent </li></ul><ul><li>Wishing one could change the past </li></ul><ul><li>Class differences </li></ul><ul><li>Western invasion of Africa </li></ul>
  14. 14. Upcoming Assignments: <ul><li>Quiz, Available now on Dos Passos and Hemingway, take by Midnight on Oct 8 </li></ul><ul><li>For Tuesday’s Recording (Oct 9), read: Langston Hughes-Read all poems, Essay and Simple Story. Watch recording made available to you before Monday </li></ul><ul><li>Thursday Oct, 11: Meet in Breeze for Live Session: Richard Wright - Reading is on Blackboard - Bright and Morning Star </li></ul>

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