King arthur


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King arthur

  1. 1. THE LEGEND OF KING ARTHUR Literature During The Medieval Period STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  2. 2. THE DARK AGES Birth of many nations in Europe Rise of Knights STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  3. 3. KNIGHT - referred to a mounted warrior of secondary noble rank. - became prominent members of the society due to the honorable status bestowed upon them by royalties. As feudalism developed, the rank of a knight (in French “chevalier”; in German “ritter”) became a landholding rank. The knight held his rank by what was known as military tenure. In return for the land grant, the knight is expected to render his loyalty and military service to his overlord. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  4. 4. "Protect the weak, defenseless, helpless, and fight for the general welfare of all.” Knights trained, inter alia, in hunting, fighting, and riding. They were also trained to practice courteous, honorable behavior, which was extremely important. Chivalry (derived from the french word chevalier implying "skills to handle a horse") was the main principle guiding a knight’s life style. The code of chivalry dealt with three main areas: the military, social life, and religion. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  5. 5. Accolade wherein a nobleman, usually a monarch or another knight, would place a sword an inductee and confer the honors to him. At his induction the knight usually swore to be brave, loyal, and courteous and to protect the defenseless. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  6. 6. THE LEGEND OF KING ARTHUR Historia Regum Britanniae ("History Of The Kings Of Britain") Le Morte D'arthur ("The Death Of Arthur") STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  7. 7. King Arthur A legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defense of britain against the saxon invaders in the early 6th century. The details of Arthur's story are mainly composed of folklore and literary invention, and his historical existence is debated and disputed by modern historians. It is presumed that the legend may have been based on the life of a renowned celtic chieftain who lived in what is now wales. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  8. 8. The story of King Arthur revolves around the experiences of the son of King Uther Pendragon. Arthur begins his reign at a relatively young age when he manages to pull the legendary sword in the stone. Arthur’s reign is often identified by his possession of the excalibur, a sword known to contain magical powers given to him by a mystical lady in a lake. In most versions of the legend, the excalibur and the sword in the stone are regarded as separate swords. Some versions on the other hand portray them as just one sword. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  9. 9. Apart from telling the heroic exploits and life story of a king, the legend of King Arthur is a rich collection of tales associated with many other legendary characters such as Merlin the magician, Morgana Le Fay, the Lady of the Lake, Queen Gwenevere, Sir Lancelot, and the famous Knights of the Round Table. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  10. 10. CAMELOT A key feature of the legend of King Arthur is his foundation of the Kingdom of Camelot (commonly referred to as a “shining city on a hill”). STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  11. 11. The Knights of the Round Table is a collection of ballads and other literary pieces featuring the quests and adventures of the most famous knights in King Arthur’s court. Most of the knights have their own story to tell usually a side story from the central plot of King Arthur’s adventure. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  12. 12. Although there is no historical evidence that this legendary artifact is located in the UK, one of the focal points in the legend of King Arthur is the quest of his knights to find it for his kingdom. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  13. 13. TRAGIC ENDING Despite being filled with idealism and romantic elements, the life of King Arthur ends tragically when his wife, Queen Gwenevere, falls in love with his best and most trusted knight, Sir Lancelot. STAGE 3: FIRM UP
  14. 14. D e s p i t e s o m a n y v a r i a t i o n s a n d i n c o n s i s t e n c i e s a m o n g t h e v e r s i o n s , K i n g A r t h u r ’s l e g e n d h a s b e e n c o n s i d e r e d o n e o f t h e m o s t e n d u r i n g c l a s s i c s o f E n g l i s h l i t e r a t u r e . A t a t i m e w h e n m o s t o f E u r o p e w a s g r i p p e d w i t h c h a o s a n d u n c e r t a i n t y , K i n g A r t h u r p r o v i d e d a n i n s p i r a t i o n f o r t h e i d e a l l e a d e r a n d t h e k i n g d o m o f C a m e l o t t h e i d e a l n a t i o n . STAGE 3: FIRM UP