Geography
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Geography

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Geography Geography Presentation Transcript

  • Population !!
  • Population Distribution• The distribution of population in certain areas• Factors :1. supply of water 2. fertile soils 3. raw materials 4. good communications 5. economy
  • Dependency RatioThe dependency ratio measures the percentage of the population who are working and the percentage of dependent population.Population age ≤ 15 + population age ≥ 60 Population age 16 – 59
  • NATURAL POPULATION GROWTH• Growth resulted from birth rate subtracted from mortality rate. T(N) = B - D (birth rate - death rate)
  • Total Population Growth• Resulted by adding natural population growth and immigration rate and subtracted from emigration rate. T(N) = (B - D) + (Immigration - emmigration)
  • Fertility• Factors to Fertility:• Young-age marriage 2. depressed for not having children 3. the philosophy of children to bring fortune 4. the philosophy of children to help parents to earn more money
  • Migration• Is the the movement of people from one area to another area, one place to another place. Either temporary of permanent, individual or group.
  • Immigrant• The movement of people who comes into Indonesia
  • Emmigrants• The movement of people who go out from Indonesia
  • Causes of Migration• Natural Disaster• Bad Economy• Religion• Family• Politics
  • Negative effects of low-population density• Underdevelopment• Unable to develop the industrial sector of their economy -> the production output of factories will be low• Uneconomical to develop extensive infrastructure facilities (remain isolated and underdeveloped)