Pay attention to the answers. See if students focus on the physical things rather than the interior things.
Begin 15% or more below desirable body weight. May exercise to extreme’s
Such as chewing each bite of food a certain number of times.
Anorexia in teens, bulimia in early 20’sThis makes it very hard for family and friends to even notice that anything is wronglikely to have a more accurate perception of their body than those who are anorexicreadily acknowledge to themselves that there is a problem with their behavior in regards to food
Body image & eating disorders
Body Image andEating Disorders
Journal List five things you like about yourself and list five things you would like to change about yourself.
Body Image What is body image? It is a person’s perception of his or her body’s appearance. Teens who have a positive body image like what they see when they look in the mirror What is body image distortion? It is when a person has an inaccurate visual perception of ones body. Media’s influence
What stood out to you in that video? How does the media affect teens in regards to body image? What are magazines and movies trying to advertise?
The Impact on Women One study showed that 55% of college women thought that they were overweight though only 6% were 94% of one sample of women wanted to be smaller than they currently were 96% thought that they were larger than the current societal ideal Half the women in a study said they would rather be hit by a truck than be fat
Eating Disorders Eating Disorder- mental disorder in which a person has a compelling need to starve, to binge or to binge and purge. Eating disorders are addictions. Can happen in anyone 5-10% of all eating disorder cases are in male
Risks for developing eating disorders1. Too much emphasis on 5. Inability to express appearance. emotions2. Discomfort with sexual 6. Social Pressures from maturity- (puberty) media and peers3. Perfectionism- 7. Pressure felt by athletes compelling need to do everything perfectly.4. Need for control
Warning Signs1. Constantly comparing themselves to others2. Being unhappy with physical appearance3. Wearing baggy clothes to hide body changes4. Thinking its disgusting to have menstrual periods5. Never being satisfied with anything they do
Warning Signs6. Perceiving parent or guardians as never being satisfied with anything they do7. Having felt unsafe during childhood (sexual, physical abuse in the family)8. Feeling secure only when in control of situation9. Not know what to do when feeling lonely, rejected or depressed10. Eating, starving, excessively exercising or purging when feeling uncomfortable
Anorexia Nervosa Begins with individuals restricting certain foods, not unlike someone who is dieting. Restrict high-fat foods first Food intake becomes severly limited. Doesn’t meet that the individual stops eating all together.
Anorexia Nervosa May exhibit unusual behaviors with regards to food. Preoccupied with thoughts of food and may show obsessive-compulsive tendencies related to food. May adopt ritualistic behaviors at mealtime May collect recipes or prepare elaborate meals for others.
Health Consequences Dehydration, constipation, abdominal pain and nausea Hair loss Hormonal changes Damage to heart, kidneys, and other body organs Decrease in heart rate and blood pressure Absence of menstruation Impaired immune system functions
Treatment Team of professionals- physicians, nurses, dietitians and mental health professionals Treatment plan addresses physical and emotional health problems Hospital stay to treat dehydration and malnutrition- feeding tubes
Bulimia Is an eating disorder in which a person binges and purges. More common than anorexia nervosa Occurs in people who are trying to lose weight, tried a diet and were unsuccessful Generally know they have a problem
People with bulimia may… Binge in private and eat regular amounts when with people Have a secret place where they binge Steal food and/or hide it Steal money or food Exercise excessively between binges Think about food constantly and plan each binge
More on bulimia nervosa Later age at the onset of the disorder Are able to maintain a normal weight Will not seek treatment until they are ready
Two subtypes purging type self-induced vomiting and laxatives as a way to get rid of the extra calories they have taken in non-purging type use a period of fasting and excessive exercise to make up for the binge
Health Consequences Dissolved tooth enamel Tooth decay Sore gums Enlarged salivary glands Swollen cheeks Water loss Depletion of potassium Increased blood pressure Impaired bowel function Damage to heart, kidneys and colon
Treatment Hard to diagnose since they can hide their behavior Team of professionals Treatment plan Tests to asses damage to the body organs Dental work
Binge Eating Disorder Is an eating disorder in which a person cannot control eating and eats excessive amounts. Diagnosis made when a person binges 2 or more times per week for 6 months They are obsessed with eating. Turn to food as a coping mechanism
Protective Factors Get fit. Being fit and feeling strong does not mean being thin. Get Postitive. Never underestimate the power of your self-talk. Develop yourself. Spend your time developing your talents and loves Stop comparing.