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Useful facts

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  • 1. bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com] Useful Facts on Windows No great discovery was ever made without a bold guess. –Isaac Newton Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes. –Oscar Wilde Persistence and positive thinking to make things happen. About this document: This document is for educational and informational purposes only. About the Author: bcdalai, MCP, MCSE, MCTS: Windows Vista. The author is an IT pro working on Desktop, Server and Networking - as system administrator, Tech. Support, software troubleshooter and reviewer. He is available for tech. support in Microsoft forums, community and in other online forums with the online name bcdalai. He can be reached at: http://bcdalai.blogspot.com or e-mail: bcdalai2020@gmail.com. License: The subject matters are for system administrators and everyday computer users. This article is completely free to read, distribute (through website, CD/DVD or magazines) or share without any modification and may be reproduced in printable media with a link to this article. The article must be distributed in “Microsoft XPS” or “Adobe PDF” format. Disclaimer: This document is for educational and informational purposes. THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. It is assumed that you will use the contents of this document in proper and productive way. All names, websites, trade names and registered trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners. Copyright © 2004-2010 by bcdalai. Thanks: I’m greatly thankful to all the readers for reading and sending feedbacks to me. -1- © 2004-2010, bcdalai
  • 2. bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com] Useful Facts on Windows 1. Dynamic disks are not supported on portable computers or on Windows XP Home Edition based computers. 2. In windows XP Home Edition the following features are not available: Group Policies, Automatic Software Installation and Maintenance, Roaming User Profiles, Offline Files and Folders, Remote Desktop, NTFS, EFS (Encrypted File System), joining a domain, dynamic disks, IIS (Internet Information Services), Remote Installation Services (RIS), Windows Management Instrumentation Console (WMIC), Microsoft's HTTP and FTP Server, Windows Backup (ntbackup.exe), Automated System Recovery (ASR) and support more than one processor. 3. Automated System Recovery is not a supported feature in Windows XP Home Edition using Backup, but Backup is provided on the CD-ROM as additional value to help back up critical system data. To Manually Install the Backup Utility: Double-click the Ntbackup.msi file from the Windows XP Home Edition CD-ROM to start a wizard that installs Backup: CD- ROM Drive:VALUEADDMSFTNTBACKUP. Follow the wizard. When the wizard is complete, click Finish. 4. Creating rescue disk feature is not available in Windows Server 2003. 5. You cannot format/create a partition more than 32GB as fat 32 file system. 6. You cannot see or access NTFS partitions in Windows 95/98/ME because these operating systems don’t support NTFS file system. 7. You cannot run two Operating Systems simultaneously from one drive/partition; if you will do this the last operating system you installed on that drive will only run. 8. If you install and run MSN Explorer version 6, your MSN POP3 e-mail account will be migrated to an MSN Hotmail account. If you have Outlook and Outlook Express configured for POP3, you will no longer receive your new MSN e-mail messages. 9. Deleting or reformatting any dynamic disk volume using the Recovery console's DISKPART or FORMAT command or during Windows 2000 text-mode Setup, could result in permanent data loss. 10. You cannot install Windows Vista on FAT/FAT32 file system. Installation of Windows Vista in FAT/FAT32 file system is not supported except NTFS file system. 11. There is no Boot.ini file in Windows Vista. The Boot.ini file is used for legacy Windows versions when dual-booting only. 12. You can’t run two or more instances of Windows Installer in Windows XP/2003 Server or lower version of windows. Because running of two or more instances of Windows Installer in Windows Installer v3.1 or lower is not supported. This feature is only supported in Windows Installer v4.0 and later versions e.g. in OS like Windows Vista and later. 13. NetMeeting 3.02 (in Vista) does not support remote desktop sharing. Therefore, the Remote Desktop Sharing option is not available on the Tools menu in NetMeeting 3.02. 14. The default workgroup name in windows XP Home Edition is “MSHome” and in XP Pro, Windows Server 2003 and in Windows Vista it is “WORKGROUP”. 15. Windows Vista Starter and Basic Editions do not support control /name Microsoft.Personalization command. 16. The former name of “Microsoft Dynamics products” is “Microsoft Business Solutions”. 17. The former name of “Windows SteadyState” is “Microsoft Shared Computer Toolkit”. 18. Windows Server 2008 is the last 32-bit OS from Microsoft. All future server OS from Microsoft will be 64-bit e.g. Windows Server 2008 R2 (only 64-bit release). 19. The Fast Saves feature in Word 2003 no longer functions after you install Office 2003 Service Pack 3. The Allow fast saves check box still exists in the Save options in Word 2003. However, the functionality of the option has been disabled. The Fast Saves feature speeds up the saving of a document by saving only the changes that are made to the document. Additionally, documents that are saved when the Fast Saves feature is enabled may contain content that you may not want to share with other people when you distribute the document electronically. This information is known as metadata. Metadata is used for a variety of purposes to improve the editing, the viewing, the filing, and the retrieval of Office files. Because of the design of the Fast Saves feature, text or comments that you delete from a document may remain in the document even after you save the document. Therefore, Microsoft has disabled the functionality of the Fast Saves feature in Office 2003 -2- © 2004-2010, bcdalai
  • 3. bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com] SP3 to increase the security of Word 2003 documents. 20. Office files that are saved in (e.g. .html, .mht, .rtf, .xml) no longer contain the version number of Office after you install Office 2003 Service Pack 3. This is because this behavior was changed in Office 2003 SP3 to improve the security of Office 2003 documents. 21. Microsoft Office 2010, codenamed “Office 14” will also be the first version of Office to ship in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. 22. Microsoft Office 2010 will not support for Windows XP Professional 64-bit, and Windows Server 2003. 23. XP Mode is supported on Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise and Ultimate editions only. 24. BitLocker, BitLocker To Go, Boot from VHD disk image and MUI multiple languages (35 languages) support is only available for Windows 7 Ultimate edition. 25. The Windows Package Manager (pkgmgr.exe) is used to install and uninstall Windows optional features; it replaces sysocmgr.exe, which was available in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. 26. The version of Office 2010, “Office Starter 2010” will replace the low-end home productivity software, “Microsoft Works”. 27. Local Group Policy Editor is only available in Professional (Business), Enterprise and Ultimate Editions of Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Users of Windows 7 or Windows Vista Starter, Home Basic and Home Premium will not get Local Group Policy Editor. 28. Windows Service Pack Release Dates: Windows XP: Service Pack 1 (SP1): 9th September 2002 Service Pack 1a (SP1a): 3rd February 2003 Service Pack 2 (SP2): 6th August 2004 Service Pack 3 (SP3): 21st April 2008 Windows Server 2003: Service Pack 1 (SP1): 30th March 2005 Service Pack 2 (SP2): 13th March 2007 Windows Server 2003 (x64) and Windows XP Professional x64 Editions: Service Pack 2 (SP2): 12th March 2007 Windows Vista: Service Pack 1 (SP1): 18th March 2008 Service Pack 2 (SP2): 26th May 2009 Windows Server 2008 Editions: Service Pack 1 (SP1): Included with RTM on 27th Feb 2008 Service Pack 2 (SP2): 26th May 2009 29. Upgrading from the following language versions of Windows XP to the matching language of Windows Vista is not supported: a. Windows XP with the following Language Interface Packs installed: Bulgarian, Croatian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Romanian, Serbian-Latin, Slovak, Slovenian, Thai, or Ukrainian. b. Windows XP Media Center Edition: Traditional Chinese (Hong Kong), Traditional Chinese (Taiwan), Czech, Danish, Finnish, Norwegian (Bokmål), Polish, Portuguese (Portugal), Russian, Spanish, Swedish, or Turkish. c. Windows XP Tablet PC Edition: Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Russian, Spanish, Swedish, and Turkish. If you have one of these operating systems, you will need to perform a clean installation of Windows Vista. 30. The following features are not available in Windows Vista: a. Active Desktop b. HyperTerminal c. Luna Visual Theme d. MSN Explorer e. NetMeeting (replaced with “Windows Meeting Space”) -3- © 2004-2010, bcdalai
  • 4. bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com] f. Telnet.exe is no longer installed by default, but is installable feature through “Programs and Features”. g. The network Messenger Service (Winchat.exe). h. Windows Messenger i. WinHlp32.exe, used to display 32-bit .hlp files (help pages, replaced by .chm files) More Useful Stuffs Major Versions of IIS Versions OS Platforms Year Released 1 Windows NT 3.51 1996 2 Windows NT 4.0 1996 3 Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 3 1996 4 Windows NT 4.0 Option Pack 1997 5 Windows 2000 1999 5.1 Windows XP Professional 2001 Windows XP Media Center Edition 6 Windows Server 2003 2003 Windows XP Professional x64 Edition 7 Windows Vista 2006 (Business, Enterprise, Ultimate Editions) 7 Windows Server 2008 2008 7.5 Windows Server 2008 R2 2009 Windows 7 CHANGED NAMES: In Vista, Server 2008 and Windows 7 etc. Note: Including the features, technologies, components and services. The names are changed and the functionality of some items has been enhanced and moved or consolidated with other items in a new item. NEW / CHANGED NAME FORMER NAME LATER NAME SL. WINDOWS 2000, XP, SERVER 2003 etc. WINDOWS VISTA (Client OS) 01 Accessibility Options Ease of Access Center 02 Add or Remove Programs Programs and Features 03 Address Book Windows Contacts 04 Automated System Recovery (ASR) Windows Complete PC Restore 05 Computer Browser Network Discovery Protocol (NDP) 06 Documents and Settings Users 07 Error Reporting Windows Error Reporting (WER) 08 Files and Setting Transfer Wizard Windows Easy Transfer (WET) 09 Local Security Settings Security Configuration Management 10 Microsoft Synchronization Tool Sync Center 11 My Computer Computer 12 My Documents Documents 13 My Music Music 14 My Network Places Network Places 15 My Pictures Pictures 16 My Recent Documents Recent Documents 17 My Videos Videos 18 NetMeeting Windows Meeting Space 19 NTBackup (Windows Backup Utility) Backup and Restore Center 20 Outlook Express Windows Mail 21 Performance Monitor Reliability and Performance Monitor 22 Prefetch Superfetch 23 Regional Settings Region and Language 24 Remote Assistance Windows Remote Assistance 25 Remote Installation Services (RIS) Windows Deployment Services (WDS) 26 Run As Run As Administrator 27 Scheduled Tasks Task Scheduler 28 Stored Use Names and Passwords Credential Manager 29 System File Checker (SFC) System Integrity Check and Repair 30 System Restore System Protection 31 Tour Windows XP Getting Started or Welcome Center -4- © 2004-2010, bcdalai
  • 5. bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com] 32 Windows File Protection (WFP) Windows Resource Protection (WRP) 33 Windows Messenger Windows Live Messenger 34 Windows Picture and Fax Viewer Windows Photo Gallery 35 Windows Services for Unix Subsystem for Unix-based Applications Windows Vista Windows 7 36 Backup and Restore Center Backup and Restore 37 Network Places Networks 38 Pen and Input Devices Pen and Touch 39 Printers Devices And Printers 40 Problem Reports and Solutions Action Center 41 Regional and Language Options Region and Language 42 Welcome Center Getting Started 43 Windows Marketplace Get Programs (Online) 44 Windows Photo Gallery Windows Photo Viewer 45 Windows Security Center Action Center 46 Windows Sidebar Desktop Gadgets WINDOWS SERVER 2008 (Server OS) 47 Computer Management Server Manager 48 Error Reporting Problem Reports and Solutions 49 NTBackup (Windows Backup Utility) Windows Server Backup 50 Windows Firewall Windows Firewall with Advanced Security OTHER TECHNOLOGY / FEATURE 51 Data Protection Server System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) 52 Live Mesh Windows Live Sync 53 Live Search Bing 54 MDAC (Microsoft Data Access Components) Windows DAC 55 Microsoft Business Solutions Microsoft Dynamics products 56 Microsoft Installer Windows Installer 57 Microsoft Internet Explorer (till IE6) Windows Internet Explorer (IE7 onwards) 58 Microsoft Office Groove Microsoft SharePoint Workspace 59 Microsoft Office Outlook Microsoft Outlook 60 Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) System Center Operations Manager (SCOM) 61 Microsoft Shared Computer Toolkit Windows SteadyState 62 Microsoft Virtual PC Windows Virtual PC 63 MshFX Live Framework 64 MSN Butterfly Windows Live Butterfly 65 MSN Search Windows Live Search / Live Search 66 System File Protection Windows File Protection 67 Systems Management Server (SMS) System Center Configuration Manager 68 Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) Windows Activation Technology (WAT) 69 Windows Live Folders Windows Live SkyDrive 70 Windows Live FolderShare Windows Live Sync 71 Windows Live OneCare Family Safety Windows Live Family Safety 72 Windows Photo Gallery Windows Live Photo Gallery 73 Windows Scripting Host Windows Script Host [Note: The word “My” is removed from all commonly used folder names from Windows Vista. Some features are also renamed.] Original CD/DVD Volume Labels for Windows OS CD/DVD (Used by Microsoft): SL. OPERATING SYSTEM / SOFTWARE CD/DVD LABELS 01 Windows 98 SE Win98SE 02 Windows Millennium Windows Me 03 Windows NT4 NTWKS40A 04 Windows 2000 Professional W2PFPP_EN 05 Windows 2000 Server W2SFPP_EN 06 Windows 2000 Advanced Server W2AFPP_EN 07 Windows 2000 Datacenter Server W2DFPP_EN 08 Windows XP Home (Retail) WXHFPP_EN 09 Windows XP Home (Corp) WXHVOL_EN 10 Windows XP Home (OEM) WXHOEM_EN 11 Windows XP Pro (If nothing specified) WXPCCP_EN 12 Windows XP Pro (Retail) WXPFPP_EN 13 Windows XP Pro (Corp) WXPVOL_EN -5- © 2004-2010, bcdalai
  • 6. bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com] 14 Windows XP Pro (OEM) WXPOEM_EN 15 Windows XP Media Center Edition MRMPFPP_EN 16 Windows XP Tablet PC (Corp) VRMPVOL_EN 17 Windows Server 2003 (Corp) (VLK) ARMEVOL_EN 18 Windows Server 2003 (Standard) NRMSFPP_EN 19 Windows Server 2003 (Web) NRMWFPP_EN 20 Windows Server 2003 (Enterprise) NRMEFPP_EN 21 Windows Vista Home Premium VISTA_32_PREMIUM 22 Windows Vista Enterprise (RTM) (DVD) LRMEVOL_EN_DVD 23 Windows Vista Ultimate (RTM) (DVD) LRMCFRE_EN_DVD 24 Windows Vista x64 Editions N/A 25 Windows XP Professional x64 ARMPXVOL_EN 26 Windows Server 2003 R2 N/A 26 Windows Server 2003 x64 N/A 28 Windows Home Server N/A 29 Windows Server 2008 (RTM) (DVD) KRMSVOL_EN_DVD 30 Windows 7 (RTM) (DVD) GRMCULFRER_EN_DVD 31 Windows Server 2008 R2 (RTM) (DVD) GRMSXVOL_EN_DVD [Note: “N/A” means “Not Available” for now. If you know tell me.] -6- © 2004-2010, bcdalai

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