Internet of Things, circa 2004

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This is a (public) presentation given by Sun MIcrosystems CTO Greg Papadopoulos at the Gartner Symposium in Orlando in 2004. As of a decade later (January, 2014), this presentation is remarkable for …

This is a (public) presentation given by Sun MIcrosystems CTO Greg Papadopoulos at the Gartner Symposium in Orlando in 2004. As of a decade later (January, 2014), this presentation is remarkable for its prescience -- IP is indeed the backplane and the internet has in fact become the computer.

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  • 1. The Aware Enterprise Greg Papadopoulos EVP and CTO Technolog y Leadershi p
  • 2. The Revolution Computers 1T People Everything $100 100B 10B Cost to Connect $1 1¢ 1B 10M 1990 Things Connected 2000 2010 2020
  • 3. Traditional Network Devices WW installed, 2012 Appliances/toys Industrial/Automotive Entertainment Handhelds Computers 11,000M 400M 1,300M 2,600M 1,080M Source: IDC Estimates, 2004
  • 4. RFID Tags and Sensors WW installed, 2012 Traditional Network Devices 17 Billion Source: IDC Estimates, 2004 1 Trillion!
  • 5. The Revolution Computers People Everything Aw ar en es s 1T 100B 10B 1B 10M ctivity e Conn 1990 2000 nity mu m Co 2010 2020
  • 6. Frontiers of Automation HR EDI F inance Sales Service Ops R&D 6
  • 7. Frontiers of Automation Communities Sales Mobility with Security Service Ops R&D Simulation 7
  • 8. Frontiers of Automation Communities Mobility with Security Sales Service Ops R&D Simulation Awareness M anufactured goods Distributed assets 8
  • 9. Frontiers of Automation Communities Mobility with Security Sales Service Ops R&D Simulation C on Awareness T el e met ry tr ol M anufactured goods Distributed assets 9
  • 10. Frontiers of Automation Communities Mobility with Security Global Wireless Networks Sales Service Ops R&D Simulation C on Awareness T el e met ry tr ol M anufactured goods Distributed assets 10
  • 11. The New Software Shrink-Wrap App Application scales from 1 to perhaps 100's of users O/S Processor For Desktop: 1 copy SW = 1 copy HW OS400 MVS AS400 DGUX Irix 88K VMS VAX MIPS Solaris Ultrix Aegis TM SPARC® Linux Alpha 68K 370 x86 AIX Power HP-UX Windows Server x86 Precision
  • 12. The New Software Comp Shrink-Wrap Comp App MW MW Comp O/S Processor MW Networked Components Comp MW OS400 MVS AS400 DGUX Irix 88K VMS VAX MIPS Solaris Ultrix Aegis TM SPARC® Linux Alpha 68K 370 x86 AIX Power HP-UX Windows Server x86 Precision Service must scale to 10,000's or millions of simultaneous users!
  • 13. The New Software Comp Comp App Comp O/S MW MW MW Comp MW Processor OS400 MVS AS400 DGUX Irix 88K VMS VAX MIPS Solaris Ultrix Aegis TM SPARC® Linux Alpha 68K 370 x86 AIX Power HP-UX Windows Server x86 Precision The Java Platform TM XML The Windows Platform
  • 14. The Network Computer Global N etwork Core Devices Things Access Edge Data Center Service Edge Desktops SunRays Java Card RF Tags Phones PDAs Sensors Platform Sun Remote Services RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots SmartDust
  • 15. The Network Computer Service Global Access Edge N etwork Edge Core Legacy SM Ps SunRay Server N BCs L7 Switching F irewall Blocks Cable H ead-end Desktops In-Store Proc. Streaming Data Center N etwork Event F usion Things Content Distribution Load Balancing Devices F iles Storage Base Station Controller SunRays Java Card Phones RF Tags PDAs Sensors Solaris SPARC LIN U X X86/AM D64 Sun Remote Services RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robot SmartDust
  • 16. The Network Computer Developer View Service Global Access Edge N etwork Edge Core Devices Things Java Desktop System Java Enterprise System ... Legacy M sg. Dir. App. SM Ps Web SunRay Server N BCs L7 Switching Load Balancing In-Store Proc. Streaming Blocks Event F usion F irewall Data Center N etwork Content Distribution Cable H ead-end Files Storage Base Station Controller Desktops Java Studio Java Identity Developers/Engine ers SunRays Java Card Java M obility RF Tags Phones PDAs Sensors Solaris SPARC LIN U X X86/AM D64 Sun Remote Services RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots SmartDust
  • 17. The Network Computer Administrator View Service Global Access Edge N etwork Edge Core Devices Things Java Desktop System Java Enterprise System ... M sg. Legacy Dir. App. SM Ps Web SunRay Server N BCs L7 Switching Load Balancing In-Store Proc. Streaming Blocks Event F usion F irewall Data Center N etwork Content Distribution Cable H ead-end F iles Solaris SPARC LIN U X X86/AM D64 Control Sun Remote Services Teleme try Teleme try Storage Base Station Controller Control Desktops Java Studio Java Identity Developers/Engine ers SunRays Java Card Java M obility RF Tags Phones PDAs Sensors RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots SmartDust
  • 18. The Network Computer Global N etwork Core Devices Things Desktops Services Access Edge Service 1 Data Service 2 Center Java Card Service Edge View Services RF Tags Phones PDAs Sensors Platform Sun Remote Services RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots SmartDust
  • 19. Explosion at the Edge Global N etwork Devices Things Desktops SunRays Data Center Java Card RF Tags Phones PDAs Platform RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots Sensors SmartDust
  • 20. The Network Computer Global N etwork Core Data Flow Devices Things Desktops Access Edge Data Center Service Edge Java Card Telemetry Services RF Tags Phones PDAs Sensors Platform Sun Remote Services RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots SmartDust
  • 21. The Network Computer Global N etwork Core Control Flow Devices Things Desktops Control Services Access Edge Data Center Service Edge Java Card RF Tags Phones PDAs Sensors Platform Sun Remote Services RF ID Readers/ Sensor Gateways Robots SmartDust
  • 22. Network of Things ● Awareness of things made, sold, owned – – – ● Where is it? Is it okay? Should some action be taken? Sensing the health of complex systems – – – Environment Infrastructure People
  • 23. Environmental Monitoring Example Spill Site Sensors
  • 24. Structure at the Far Edge Devices (IP) Things (Sub-IP) Tag, sensor, dust, ... Reader/ Gateway Self-assembling networks
  • 25. Everything Becomes a Service ● Automate service processes ● ● Repair, maintenance, consumables, optimization Transform one-time sales to annuities Jet Engines Servers Storage Filter Systems Mobile Phones Washing Machine Printers Thrust Application SLA Remembering Things Purified Water Connectivity Contracts Clean Clothes Printed Pages
  • 26. Impact of the Aware Enterprise New business models/processes are emerging as the enterprise becomes aware ● Proliferation of amount and different types of data dramatically increases the traffic flowing from outside in ● Today’s computing models cannot scale economically or technically Aware Enterprise Demands a Different Approach ●
  • 27. Network Computer Requirements Developer Community Software Stack Compute and Storage Engines
  • 28. The Operations Challenge Was... ● Availability ● Performance ● Scale Price/ Performance 28
  • 29. The Operations Challenge Was... Becoming... ● Availability ● Service Level ● Performance ● Efficiency ● Scale ● Security Price/ Performance Total Cost of Service Level 29
  • 30. Economy of Scale Cost Bad Scale 30
  • 31. Economy of Scale Cost Bad Better Scale 31
  • 32. Decision Point Mask Complexity or Engineer it Away 32
  • 33. New Definition of Scalability A system is scalable only if you can add resources without adding complexity 33
  • 34. “System” Is Changing, Again Historical Cycle of Computing Industry, every 10 – 15 years System When MF Minis '60s '70s Tech Scale Trans/Core 1 SSI/MSI 1 PC/WS '80s uP/ LSI 1 SMP VLSI / DRAM 100 '90s 34
  • 35. “System” Is Changing, Again Historical Cycle of Computing Industry, every 10 – 15 years System When MF Minis '60s Scale Trans/Core 1 SSI/MSI 1 PC/WS '80s uP/ LSI 1 SMP '90s VLSI / DRAM 100 '00s Server-on-a-Chip/ Fiber Optics 1000's BF WTS... '70s Tech Grid, U tility, H orizontal, 35
  • 36. Old systems are components in the new one Server connected to networks Datacenter system built from networks
  • 37. Re-cap ● ● ● Radical shifts in software are resulting in radical shifts in systems Computing systems will be built out of IP networks, rather than just attaching to them Emerge with a new definition of system 37
  • 38. And if IP is the backplane then... The Whole Internet is the Computer! 38